2017八年级英语上册期末复习知识点总结(人教版)

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2017八年级英语上册期末复习知识点总结(人教版)

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山课件 w ww.5 Y K j.Co M

Unit1 Where did you go on vacation?
A.短语与固定搭配
go on vacation去度假  be on vacation 度假    stay at home待在家里  go to the mountains去爬山
go to the beach去海滩  visit museums 参观博物馆   go to summer camp去参观夏令营  bye for now再见
quite a few相当多     study for为……而学习  go out出去  most of the time大部分时间           long time no see好久不见 along the way沿途 another two hours=two more hours另外两小时
taste good尝起来很好吃   have a good time玩得高兴     of course当然   keep a diary 记日记   
go shopping去购物       in the past在过去     walk around四处走走     because of因为
one bowl of… 一碗……   the next day第二天   drink tea喝茶     find out找出;查明   go on继续
take photos照相       something important重要的事    up and down上上下下    come up出来
复合不定代词
somebody = someone某人               something 某物,某事
 anybody = anyone任何人               anything什么事物,任何事物,无论什么事物
nobody = no one没有人,不重要的人    nothing没有东西,什么也没有;不重要的人或事
everybody = everyone每人,人人,所有人   everything每一个事物,一切
词组:for nothing(徒劳,没有好结果,免费),nothing but(仅仅,只不过),
It’s nothing. (不用谢,不必在意)      anybody else(别人)
复合不定代词只相当于名词,在句子中作主语、宾语和表语
Everything is made of elements.任何东西都是元素构成的。
•I have nothing to say toady.我今天没什么可讲的。
•That`s nothing.没什么。
(1)作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
(2)something和anything的区别与some和any的区别一样,前者一般用于肯定句,后者一般用于否定句、疑问句或条件状语从句中。
I have something important to tell you.我有重要的事情要告诉你。(肯定句)
Someone is asking to see you.有人要见你。 (肯定句)
Has anything happened ?出什么事了吗?  (疑问句)
We can`t decide anything now.我们现在不能作什么决定。 (否定句)
If you want anything, call me.你要是需要什么可以给我打电话。(条件状语从句)
(3)复合不定代词被定语所修饰时,形容词或不定式等其他定语则须放在它们的后面。
There is nothing wrong with the machine.这机器没出什么毛病。(形容词)
This is something special. 这是种特别的东西。(形容词)
(4)除与-thing构成的复合不定代词外,即everyone、everybody、someone,somebody都有所有格形式;当其后有else时,’s要加在else后面。如: That must be somebody else’s coat; it isn’t mine. 那一定是别人的外衣,不是我的。
(5)everyone=everybody, anyone=anybody, 只指人,不能与of短语连用;every one, any one可指人也可指物,一定要与of连用才可以。
•如:Is anybody here? 有人吗?
You can take any one of these. 你可以随便拿一个。
(6)与some-,any-构成的复合不定代词的用法与some, any的用法相同。与any-构成的复合不定代词一般用于否定句或疑问句中,not…any-构成完全否定,与some-构成的复合不定代词用于肯定句中
【巧记复合代词分合】:分合皆能单独用,后加of合不成。
【巧学不定代词】:不定代词美名扬,修饰成分后边藏;单数动词作谓语,何时何地都一样。
take带来 bring带走
feel like给……的感觉;感受到feel like doing sth
buy sth. for sb. / buy sb. sth.为某人买某物
taste + adj. 尝起来…look+adj. 看起来…smell 闻起来 sound 听起来 feel 感觉起来
feed喂养 feed sb/sth with sth 用某物喂某人 feed sth to sb/sth或sb/sth on sth用某物喂某人/物
nothing…but 意为‘除了……之外什么都没有’nothing to do.but do sth/nothing but do sth 
arrive in+大地点 / arrive at+小地点 意为‘到达某地’
try doing sth.尝试做某事 / try to do sth.尽力去做某事    
forget doing sth.忘记做过某事/ forget to do sth.忘记做某事
enjoy doing sth.喜欢做某事/dislike doing sth. 不喜欢做某事
want to do sth.想去做某事/start doing sth.开始做某事
stop doing sth. 停止做某事/stop to do sth. 停下来去做某事
keep doing sth.继续做某事/keep on doing sth. 反复做某事
Why not do. sth.?为什么不做……呢?
so+adj.+that从句  意为‘如此……以至于……’
it is + adj. + for sb. +to do sth对某人来说做…怎么样
tell sb. (not) to do sth. 告诉某人(不要)做某事/ask sb. (not) to do sth. 要求某人(不要)做某事
want sb. (not) to do sth. 想要某人(不要)做某事
1. seem + 形容词  看起来…..
•seem + to do sth. 似乎、好像做某事
•seems / seemed + 从句  看起来好像…;似乎…. 
•seem like ….好像,似乎….. 
3. decide to do sth.决定做某事
•decide + 疑问词 + 动词不定式 
4. start doing sth = start to do sth. 开始,(=begin)
但以下几种情况不能用begin
•创办,开办: He started a new shop last month.
•机器开动: I can’t start my car.
•出发,动身: I will start tomorrow morning.
5. over 介词,多于,超过,在…以上(表示数目、程度)= more than
•在…之上,与 under 相反。 There is a map over the blackboard.
•超过: I hear the news over the radio.
•遍及: I want to travel all over the world.
6. too many 太多,后接可数名词复数
•too much  太多,修饰不可数名词,修饰动词作状语。
•much too  太,修饰形容词或副词。  
7. because of和because
•because of 介词短语,因为,由于,后接名词、代词或动名词,不能接句子。
•because 连词,因为,引导状语从句,表示直接明确的原因或理由。
8. most的用法
•形容词意为‘大多数的’
•代词意为‘大多数’ most+n=most of the+n:大多数

Unit2 How often do you exercise?
A.短语与固定搭配
help with housework帮助做家务     on weekends在周末     how often多久一次  hardly ever几乎从不
once a week每周一次    twice a month每月两次    every day每天    be free有空
go to the movies去看电影   use the Internet用互联网    swing dance摇摆舞   play tennis打网球
stay up late熬夜;睡得很晚    at least至少   have dance and piano lessons上舞蹈课和钢琴课
go to bed early早点睡觉     play sports进行体育活动 how come? 怎么会
be good for对……有好处                 sb. spend time with sb.和某人一起度过时光
be bad for对……有坏处                  sb. spend time / money on sth.在某方面花费时间/金钱
be good with与……友好相处              sb. spend time /money in doing sth.在做某事上花费时间/金钱
be good at sth./ doing sth 擅长某事/做某事
be friendly with sb. 与某人友好相处
be friendly to sb. 对某人友好
be kind to sb. 对某人友好
go camping去野营
not…at all一点儿也不……   in one’s free time在某人的业余时间    the most popular最受欢迎的
such as比如;诸如      old habits die hard积习难改    go to the dentist去看牙医
morn than多于;超过     less than少于
help sb. with sth.帮助某人做某事      How about…?   ......怎么样?/ ……好不好?
want sb. to do sth.想让某人做某事     How many+可数名词复数+一般疑问句?  ……有多少……?
主语+find+that从句.   ……发现……        It’s+ adj.+ to do sth.  做某事的……的。    
ask sb. about sth.向某人询问某事 ask sb. to do sth.要求某人做某事
by doing sth. 通过做某事                   What’s your favorite……?你最喜爱的……是什么?
the best way to do sth.做某事的最好方式    Which…do you like best? 你最喜欢
B词语辨析:
1.  how often 多久一次,用来提问动作发生的频率。回答用:once,twice, three times 等词语。
How often do you play sports?   Three times a week.
how long  多长,用来询问多长时间,也可询问某物有多长。
How long does it take to get to Shanghai from here?  How long is the ruler?
how for 多远, 用来询问距离,指路程的远近。 How far is it from here to the park?  It’s about 2 kilometers.
1. free 空闲的,有空的, 反义词为 busy.
•be free 有空,闲着,相当于 have time.
•还可作“免费的、自由的”be free to do sth. 自由地做某事。
2. How come? 怎么会? 怎么回事?表示某件事情很奇怪,有点想不通;可单独使用,也可引导一个问句, 相当于疑问句 why, 但 how come 开头的特殊疑问句使用的仍然是陈述语序。
3. stay up late  指“熬夜到很晚,迟睡”。 Don’t stay up late next time.
stay up 指“熬夜,不睡觉”。 He stayed up all night to write his story.
4. go to bed和go to sleep
•go to bed 强调“上床睡觉”的动作及过程,但人不一定睡着。
•go to sleep 强调“入睡,睡着,进入梦乡”。   She was so tired that she went to sleep soon.
5. find
•find + 宾语 +名词, 发现 
•find + 宾语 + 形容词 发现
•find + 宾语 + 现在分词 发现
6. percent 百分数, 基数词 + percent: percent 没有复数形式,作主语时,根据所修饰的名词来判断谓语的单复数。  Forty percent of the students in our class are girls.   Thirty percent of time passed.
7. more than 超过,多于, 相当于 over.在句型转换中考查两者的同义替换。反义词组为:less than.
9.  afraid 形容词, 担心的,害怕的,在句中作表语,不用在名词前作定语。
•be afraid of sb / sth 害怕某人 / 某事; be afraid of doing sth.  害怕做某事。
•I’m afraid + 从句, 恐怕, 担心: I’m afraid I have to go now.
•be afraid to do sth 害怕做某事
10. sometimes , sometime, some times , some time 的区别:
•sometimes 频度副词,用how often提问
•sometime  副词,某个时候 。用when.提问
•some times  名词词组, 几次,几倍。其中time 是可数名词,提问时用how many times.
•some time 名词短语, 一段时间. 表示“一段时间”时,提问时用 How long.
Unit3 I’m more outgoing than my sister.
A.重点句型
Both Sam and Tom can play the drums, but Sam plays them better than Tom.
That’s Tara, isn’t it?
Are you as friendly as your sister?
I’m shy so it’s not easy for me to make friends.
B.短语与固定搭配
more outgoing更外向      as…as…与……一样……      the singing competition唱歌比赛
be similar to与……相像的/类似的   be the same as和……相同;与……一致  
be different from与……不同
care about关心;介意   look after 照顾 take care of 照顾
be like a mirror像一面镜子     the most important最重要的
as long as只要;既然      bring out使显现;使表现出     get better grades取得更好的成绩
reach for伸手取           in fact事实上;实际上      make friends交朋友     the other其他的
touch one’s heart感动某人   be talented in music有音乐天赋
be good at擅长……        be good with善于与……相处
have fun doing sth.享受做某事的乐趣      be good at doing sth擅长做某事   
make sb. do sth.让某人做某事
want to do sth.想要做某事      as+adj./adv.的原级+as 与……一样……    
It’s+ adj.+for sb. to do sth.  对某人来说,做某事……的。
词语辨析:
laugh v. & n.  笑
`(与at连用)嘲笑 Don’t laugh at him. 别嘲笑他。
`笑;笑声 We had a good laugh at his joke. 我们被他的笑话逗得哈哈大笑。
though conj. 虽然;纵然;即使;尽管 = although.
注意:不能受汉语的影响,在though引导的从句后不能使用but
•though adv.. 不过,可是,然而,常用于句末,用逗号隔开。
C.形容词和副词的比较级、最高级
   大多数形容词和副词有三个等级:
•原级(不作比较),修饰词very,so,too,pretty,really;
•比较级,表示“较……”或“更……”的意思(两者之间进行比较), 标志词than,A or B/of the two, 修饰词much,a lot,a little;
•最高级,表示“最……”的意思(三者或三者以上作比较),形容词最高级前面一般要加定冠词the,后面可带in(of)短语来什么比较的范围。
形容词和副词的比较级和最高级规则变化:
      构 成 方 法        原  级  比 较 级 最 高 级
单音
节词
和部
分双
音节
词 一般在词尾加-er或-est high
short higher
shorter  highest
shortest
 以字母e词尾的词,加-r或-st late
fine later
finest  latest
finest
 重读闭音节词词尾只有一个辅音字母时,先双写辅音字母,再加-er或-est hot
big
thin
fat hotter
bigger
thinner
fatter hottest
biggest
thinnest
fattest
 以“辅音字母+y”结尾的双音节词,先把“y”改为“i”,再加
-er或-est  funny
easy
early
 funnier
easier
earlier
 funniest
easiest
earliest

多音节词和部分双音节词 
在词前加more或most beautiful
athletic
outgoing more beautiful
more athletic
more outgoing most beautiful
most athletic
most outgoing
形容词和副词的比较级和最高级不规则变化:
    原 级     比较级    最高级
  good/well     better    best
  bad/badly     worse    worst
  many/much     more    most
  little     less    least
  far
       farther(更远)
    further(更深远)    farthest(最远)
   furthest(最深远)
As+(原级)+as与……一样……  not as/so…as不如
Lily is not as/so tall as Lucy. =Lily is shorter than Lucy.
Unit4 What’s the best movie theater?
A.重点句型
1. It has the biggest screens.
2. The DJs choose songs the most carefuuly.
3. How do you like it so far? 
4. Thanks forget telling me.
5. Can I ask you some questions?
B.短语与固定搭配
movie theater电影院      close to…离……近     clothes store服装店     in town在镇上
so far到目前为止        10 minutes by bus坐公共汽车10分钟的路程    talent show才艺表演
in common共同;共有    around the world世界各地;全世界        more and more……越来越……
and so on等等            all kinds of……各种各样的        be up to是……的职责;由……决定
not everybody并不是每个人    make up编造(故事、谎言等)  play a role in…在……方面发挥作用/有影响
for example例如    take…seriously认真对待 give sb. sth.给某人某物
come true(梦想、希望)实现;达到Can I ask you some…?我能问你一些……吗?
How do you like…?你认为……怎么样?Thanks for doing sth.因做某事而感谢。
What do you think of…?你认为……怎么样?much+ adj./adv.的比较级  ……得多
watch sb. do sth.观看某人做某事
play a role in doing sth.发挥做某事是作用/在做某事方面扮演重要的角色
one of+可数名词的复数   ……之一
C.形容词和副词的最高级一般变化规律
比较级变化,一般词尾加-er,                最高级变化,词尾加上-est,
词尾若是哑音e, 直接加r就可以,             词尾若是哑音e, 直接加上-st,
辅音字母加y, 记得把y变i加-er,               辅音字母加y, y变i再加-est,
一辅重读闭音节,末尾双写加-er,              一辅重读闭音节,末尾双写加-est,
形副音节123,比较等级more在前。           形副单词多音节,最高级前the most。
1.表示由动词加-ing或-ed构成的形容词。
2.表示由形容词加后缀-ly构成的副词。
3.表示部分双音节及多音节词。
tall-- taller             short-- shorter          long-- longer
fat-- fatter             heavy-- heavier         thin -- thinner
cute -- cuter         clever-- cleverest
strict -- stricter       kind -- kinder        nice -- nicer
calm -- calmer        wild -- wilder         smart -- smarter 
quiet -- quieter       loud-louder           shy -- shier
lovely -- lovelier     pretty-- prettier      ugly-uglier
funny -- funnier      friendly --friendlier / less friendly
happy--happier       lazy -- lazier
popular -- more popular     outgoing – more outgoing talented -- more talented   
serious –more/less serious active -- more active           athletic --more athletic
handsome --more handsome    beautiful -- more beautiful    hardworking – more/ less hardworking
( jump) high -- higher             ( run ) fast -- faster  
( work ) hard -- harder            ( get up ) early -- earlier   
( sing ) well -- sing better                       late -- later
( dance ) well -- dance better
( play basketball ) well -- (play basketball ) better
be good at -- be better at              ( feel )good -- ( feel )better
(sing) clearly -- (sing) more clearly      (speak) loudly -- (speak) more loudly
calmly -- more calmly                 wildly -- more wildly       
quietly -- more quietly        seriously --more seriously
actively -- more actively          

Unit5 Do you want to watch a game show?
A.短语与固定搭配
think of认为      learn from从……获得;向……学习     find out查明;弄清楚   talk show谈话节目
game show游戏节目    soap opera肥皂剧     go on发生   watch a movie看电影  
a pair of一双;一对try one’s best尽某人最大努力    as famous as与……一样有名     
have a discussion about就……讨论one day有一天  such as例如     dress up打扮;梳理    
take sb.’s place代替;替换
do a good job干得好    something enjoyable令人愉快的东西    interesting information有趣的资料
one of……之一      look like看起来像      around the world全世界      a symbol of……的象征
let sb. do sth.让某人做某事      plan to do sth.计划/打算做某事     hope to do sth.希望做某事
happen to do sth.碰巧做某事     expect to do sth.盼望做某事      How about doing…?做……怎么样?
be ready to do sth.乐于做某事    try one’s best to do sth.尽力做某事
B.词语用法:
1.the other, the others, other, others,another 辨析
•the other 表示特指两个或者两部份中的另一个或另一部分,可直接单数名词或复数名词。表示两个中的一个……另一个……时,常用one …the other…。例:
He has two brothers, one is a teacher, the other is a doctor.
There are forty students in our class. twenty-one are girls, the other nineteen are boys.
•the others  特指某一范围内的其他的(人或物),是the other的复数形式,相当于the other+复数名词。the other + 复数名词 = any other + 名词单数。例:
You two stay here, the others go with me.
I’m different from Jeff because I’m louder than the other kids (any other kid) in my class.
•other 作代词或形容词,可修饰可数名词单数或复数。例:
We learn Chinese, Maths, English and other subjects.
•others  作代词,泛指“其他的人或物”。 例:
Some students are doing homework,others are talking loudly.
•another 泛指同类事物中的三者或三者以上的“另一个”,只能代替或修饰单数可数名词。例:
I don’t like this one. Please show me another one.
2.find out 查明,弄清楚,find 找到
3.go on和happen
•happen v.发生,一般指偶然发生,主语为事,不能为人。
•Sth + happens to sb. 某事发生在某人身上
•Sth + happens + 地点/时间,意为:某地/某时发生了某事
•happen v,表示“碰巧”,主语可以是人,后常跟动词不定式to,表示“碰巧……”.
•Sb + happens to do sth.
•go on 发生,与 take place 同义
* take  place 意为“发生,举行,举办”,一般指非偶然性事件的“发生”,即这种事件的发生一定有某种原因或事先的安排。
例:Great changes have taken place in China.
翻译:一小时前发生了什么?                                       ?
1.expect v. 期待,盼望,预期,后常接四种结构:
•expect + 名词/代词,期待某事/某人,预计……可能发生。
I’m expecting Li Lin’s letter.
•expect to do sth. 预计做某事
Lily expects to come back next week.
•expect sb. to do sth.期望某人做某事
I expect my mother to come back early.
•expect + 从句  预计……
I expected that I’ll come back next Monday.
7. serious a. 严肃的,认真的。 He is a serious man.
•be serious about sb/sth. 对某人/某事当真
Peter is serious about Jenny. He wants to get married to her.
be serious about doing sth.   对某事当真 ____He’s serious about selling his house.
•take sth. seriously   认真对待某事 动词不定式做宾语

Unit6 I’m going to study computer science.
A.短语与固定搭配
grow up成长;长大      every day每天     be sure about对……有把握    make sure确信;务必
send…to…把……送到……   be able to能    the meaning of……的意思    different kinds of不同种类的
write down写下;记下       have to do with关于;与……有关系         take up开始做;学着做
hardly ever几乎不;很少     too…to…太……而不能……/太……以至于不能
be going to+动词原形  打算做某事     practice doing练习做某事    keep on doing sth.不断地做某事
learn to do sth.学会做某事        finish doing sth.做完某事      promise to do sth.许诺去做某事
help sb. to do sth.帮助某人做某事   remember to do sth.记住做某事   agree to do sth.同意做某事
love to do sth.喜爱做某事          want to do sth.想要做某事
 B.词语用法:   
1 promise vt. 保证,许诺。有三种结构:
•promise to do sth. _____My mother promised to buy a piano for me.
•promise sb. sth.  _____ My aunt promised me a bike.
•promise + that 从句_____ Tom promises that he can return on time.
2.promise n. 允诺, 诺言 make a promise
Lily is a dishonest girl. She never keeps a promise.
2.when 与 while 的区别:
•when 表示“当…时候”,既指时间点,又指一段时间,when 引导的时间状语从句中的动词可以是终止性的也可以是延续性的。When the teacher came in, the students were talking.
•while 表示“当…时候”,仅指一段时间,从句中的动作必须是延续性的,一般强调主从句的动作同时发生, while  还可以作并列连词,意为“ 而、却”,表示对比关系。
Lisa was singing while her mother was playing piano.
Tom is strong while his younger brother is week. 
3. practice vt.  练习, 后接名词,代词或v-ing 作宾语。
Your elder sister is practicing playing the guitar in the room.
4. everyday 与 every day 区别
everyday  adj. 每天的   在句中作定语,位于名词前。 This is our everyday homework.
every day  副词短语, 在句中作状语,位于句首或句末。 He reads books every day.
5.be going to 的用法
•be going to + 动词原形——表示将来的打算、计划或安排。常与表示将来的tomorrow, next year等时间状语或when 引导的时间状语从句连用。各种句式变换都借助be 动词完成,be随主语有am, is, are 的变换,going to 后接动词原形。
肯定句: 主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他  He is going to take the bus there.
否定句: 主语 + be not going to + 动词原形 + 其他 I’m not going to see my friends this weekend.
•一般疑问句: Be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他
肯定回答: Yes, 主语 + be.                   否定回答: No, 主语 + be not.
Are you going to see your friends this weekend?   Yes ,I am.   /    No, I’m not.
特殊疑问句: 疑问词 + be + 主语 + going to + 动词原形 + 其他+?
• 如果表示计划去某地,可直接用 be going to + 地点
We are going to Beijing for a holiday.
• 表示位置移动的动词,如go , come, leave 等常用进行时表示将来。
The bus is coming.              My aunt is leaving for Beijing next week.
4. be going to 与 will 的区别:
• 对未来事情的预测用“ will + 动词原形”表达,will 没有人称和数的变化,变否定句要在will 后面加not, 也可用will 后面加 not,或者缩略式won’t, 变一般疑问句将will 提至 句首。
Will planes be large in the future?         Yes, they will. /  No, they won’t.
•will 常表示说话人相信或希望要发生的事情,而be going to 指某事肯定发生,常表示事情很快就要发生。   I believe Lucy will be a great doctor.
• 陈述将来的某个事实用will.   
I will ten years old next year.
•表示现在巨大将来要做的事情用 will.
I’m tired I will go to bed.
• 表示意愿用will.I’ll tell you the truth.
• 表示计划、打算要做的事情用 be going to, 而不用 will.
I’m going to buy a computer this month.
---Let’s discuss the plan, shall we?      ----Not now. I ______ to an interview.
A. go          B. went           C. am going            D. was going
------Jack is busy packing luggage.  ---Yes. He _________for America on vacation.
A. leaves               B. left          C. is leaving           D. has been away
Unit 7 Will people have robots?

A.短语与固定搭配
on computers         on paper      live to be 200 years old      free time
be in danger         on the earth      play a part in sth/doing sth      
live on a space station   look for       computer programmer     in the future          huandreds of        the same…as         over and over again           get bored             wake up    look like = be like 像…              fall down
B.词语用法:will + 动词原形   将要做某事   have to do sth   不得不做某事 
fewer/more + 可数名词复数  更少/更多…   less/more + 不可数名词   更少/更多          
agree with sb.     同意某人的意见              try to do sth.  尽力做某事
disagree with sb.     不同意某人的意见         try doing sth.  尝试做某事
such + 名词(词组)  如此                   play a part in doing sth  参与做某事
make sb do sth  让某人做某事             help sb with sth  帮助某人做某事
make sb +adj.   让某人怎么样             help sb (to)do sth  帮助某人做某事
make sb. sth.   使某人怎么样
There will be + 主语 + 其他   将会有….      
There is/are + sb. + doing sth  有…正在做…
•It is  + 形容词 + for sb + to do sth  做某事对某人来说…的
词语辨析:   
1. every 与 each 的区别:
•every 用来表整体,each 用来表个别。each 最低需是两,every 最低需是三。every adj.
•every 作主用单数,each 可单也可复,作主、作定用单数,其他情况用复数。 each  adj./ pron.
2. on the earth  在地球上,作地点状语,位于句首或句末。 on earth 究竟,到底。用于疑问句或副词后,加强语气。
All the living things on the earth depend on the sun. /  What on earth do you mean?
3. human, 指包括男人女人孩子的“人,人类”,有别于动物,自然景物,机器等的特殊群体,也可指具体的人。
person, 无性别之分,常用于数目不太大,而且数目比较精确的场合。
people, 泛指“人们”,表示复数概念。
man,前不带冠词而且单独使用时,指“男人”,a man 可指“一个人/ 一个男人”,复数形式为men.
He was the only human on the island.
There are only three persons in the room.
There are many people there.
Man is stronger than woman.
4. seem 连系动词,好像,似乎,看来。有下面几种用法:
seem + 名词  看起来。He seems  a nice man.
seem like    好像,似乎。   It seemed like a good idea at the time.
seem to do sth. 似乎/看起来/好像做某事。  I seem to have left my book at home.
It seems/seemed that   看起来好像…, 似乎….    He was very happy.
seem to be + 形容词/名词 = seem + 形容词/名词。  She seems to be happy.= She seems happy.
5. probably ad.  相当于maybe/perhaps. 也许,大概,可能。作状语.
•probably 用于句中,可能性最大。 He will probably come tomorrow.
•maybe/perhaps 用于句首。  Maybe/Perhaps you are right.
6.during / for / in  介词,在……期间。说到某事是在某一段时间之间发生的用during; 说到某事持续多久则用for; 说到某事具体发生的时间用in.
We visited many places of interest during the summer holiday.
C.一般将来时结构:
•肯定式: 主语 + will/shall + 动词原形 + 其他  
will 用于各种人称,shall 用于第一人称。
主语 + be going to + 动词原形 + 其他         be 随人称、数和时间的变化而变换。
•否定式: 在will/shall/be 后面加 not.    will not = won’t .
•一般疑问句: 将will/shall/be 提到主语前面。
There be 句型的一般将来时:
There will be + 主语 + 其他 ,意为 :将会有。一般疑问句形式为: Will there be + 主语 + 其他。
•肯定回答是: Yes, there will. 否定回答是: No, there won’t.
•否定形式是:There won’t be + 主语 + 其他, 将不会有……
•特殊疑问句是: 疑问词/ 词组 + 一般疑问句?When will there be a nice basketball match?
--Will people live to be 300 years old?    ---_________.
A. No, they aren’t  B. No, they won’t   C. No, they don’t     D. No, they can’t. They ______any classes next week.  A. will have    B. won’t have   C. have  D. had                   
Unit 8 How do you make a banana milk shake?
A.短语与固定搭配
milk shake         turn on       pour into         a cup of yogurt       
Sounds like a good idea/plan.   on Saturday        cut up        put into          one more thing=another thing    a piece of bread  at this time   
a few/ few (几乎没有)        fill…with…       cover…with…         one by one
a long time
B.短语用法:How many + 可数名词复数    How much + 不可数名词     let sb. + do sth.
want + to do sth.                 forget + to do sth.               how + to do sth.
There are many reasons for         一段时间 +ago                   by + doing sth.
need + to do sth.     make + 宾语 + 形容词          It’s time(for sb) + to do sth
First…Next…Then…Finally…
句型:Turn on the blender.             How do you make a banana milk shake?
How many bananas do we need?                    How much yogurt do we need?
Now, it’s time to enjoy the rice noodles!
C.语法:主谓一致判断法:
1. 不可数名词作主语时,谓语动词用单数。
2. 动名词或动词不定式作主语时,谓语动词用单数形式。
3. either…or…, neither…nor…, not only…but also..连接两个名词或代词作主语时,谓语动词与邻近的名词或代词在人称和数上保持一致。
4. 在here, there 开头的倒装句中,谓语动词与后面的名词在数上保持一致。
D.词语辨析:
1. turn on  打开,接通(电源,气,水),反义词是turn off.   turn up/turn down 调高/低音量。
2. pour…into…    将…倒入/灌入…    into 是:进入…     in 是:在…内。
在put, throw, break, lay, fall 等动词之后,既可用in,也可用into。但in可作副词,into不能。
He put all the books in/into the bag.      Come in!
3. 有关make 的短语: make the bed  铺床      make tea   沏茶       make trouble  惹麻烦
make money   赚钱       make a decision  做决定          make a telephone call  打电话
make a visit  拜访      make a mistake   犯错误         make a noise   弄出噪音
make a living   谋生     make sure  务必
4. one more thing = another one thing    基数词 + more + 名词 = another + 基数词 + 名词
5. fill with 用…填充…  be filled with  = be full of   充满….
The boy filled the bottle with sand.    /   The bag was full of clothes.
6. cover…with…  用…把…覆盖     be covered with   被…所覆盖。  cover n. 封面,盖子。
Ann covered her face with her hands.      /  The cover of the magazine is nice.
7. It’s time (for sb) to do sth.    到某人做某事的时候了。
It’s time for sth.   到做某事的时候了。

Unit 9 Can you come to my party?
A.短语与固定搭配
on Saturday afternoon        have to        prepare for an exam      
go to the doctor/dentist    have the flu       help my parents      come to the party      meet my friend      go to the party      too much homework      
go to the movies     another time     last fall     hang out     after school       on the weekend     study for a test       visit grandparents  
the day before yesterday        the day after tomorrow    look after
have a piano lesson     accept an invitation        turn down an invitation
take a trip    at the end of this month   at the beginning of this month  
look forward to doing sth.     the opening of          go shopping      
too much homework        go to the concert             not…until
reply in writing 书面回复           reply to sth/sb. 回复
•have的短语集合have the flu 患感冒  have a cold  感冒    have a cough   咳嗽    have a fever  发烧   have a sore throat   喉咙痛    have a headache    头痛    have a toothache  牙痛
• hang的短语集合hang out 常去某处,泡在某处  hang on  紧紧抓住     hang about 闲荡  hang up  挂电话,悬挂,挂起
•catch的短语集合catch you = bye bye   catch a cold   感冒    catch sb’s eye  引起某人注意    catch the train  赶上火车
catch up with  赶上,,跟上     catch hold of抓住
•turn的短语集合turn down = refuse 拒绝    turn up 放大,调高    turn over 翻身    take turns 依次,轮流
•help的固定搭配集合help sb.(to) do sth 帮助某人做某事  help sb. with sth  在某方面帮助人   help oneself to sth  随便吃
•表示在最后的固定搭配集合at the end of  在…末尾,在…尽头,  by the end of   到…末为止     in the end of  终于
•hear的固定搭配集合hear from sb. 收到某人的来信 = receive a letter from sb. hear of = hear about 听说
B.短语用法:
invite sb. to do sth.     What + a/an + 形容词 + 可数名词单数 (+ 主语 + 谓语)!
help sb. (to) do sth         What + 形容词 + 名词复数/不可数名词(+ 主语 + 谓语)!
be sad to do sth.                  see sb to do sth  /  see sb doing sth
the best way to do sth.            have a surprise party for sb
What’s today?           What’s the date today?          What day is it today?
C.句型:Can you come to my party on Saturday afternoon?
Sure, I’d love to.  /  Sorry, I can’t. I have to prepare for an exam.
D.词语用法:
•prepare意为“准备”,强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。  prepare for sth. 为…准备好。for的宾语不是动作的承受者,而是表示准备的目的,即所要应付的情况。  /  prepare to do sth  准备做某事。
prepare 强调准备的动作与过程。宾语是这一动作的承受者。其后也可接双宾语,还可接不定式。
•get/be ready意为“准备好”,强调准备的结果。常见结构有:①be ready(for sth.)②get sth. ready ③be ready(for sth)④be get ready to do(准备干某事,乐于干某事)
accept 接受 , 反义词为: refuse。  accept指主观上愿意接受,receive 收到,指客观上收到或拿到,但主观上不一定会接受。
surprise,惊讶 惊喜
•surprised 形容词,感到意外的,主语是人be surprised to do sth  对做某事感到意外
•surprising 形容词,令人惊讶的,主语是物  The news was surpring.
•surprise  名词,惊奇、惊讶 to one’s surprise        动词,使惊奇,使感到意外 It surprise sb to do sth.
look forward to  期待,盼望,to 是介词,后跟名词,代词或动名词作宾语。
make it 在约定的时间内到达,能够来 =  arrive in time;   Glad you could make it.
商量确定的时间,表示将来某项计划的安排,后接时间状语。 Let’s make it at seven o’clock on Tuesday.
成功办成某事 = succeed  After years of hard work, he finally made it.
reply  回答,指用口头或书面形式回答,不及物动词  reply to sb/sth.  对…..作出回答。
作及物动词,意为 回答,回答说。作名词,意为:答道,回信,答复,后跟介词 to .
answer 是最普通的用语,包括口头,书面或行动的回答,可作及物和不及物动词。
               
Unit 10 If you go to the party, you’ll have a great time!
A.短语与固定搭配
go to the party      have a great /good time       stay at home       take the bus     tomorrow night     have a class party        have a class meeting         half the class        make some food    at the party          order food         potato chips       be angry with sb.     give sb some advice     travel around the world      go to college        make(a lot of)money    get an education   work hard      a soccer player      keep…to oneself      talk to sb.    
 in life    in the end    be angry at/about sth       make mistakes         in the future     
run away    the first step     in half        solve a problem          school clean-up
习惯用法: ask sb. to do sth        give sb sth.           tell sb. to do sth     it’s too…to do sth
be afraid to do sth.       advise sb to do sth         It’s best (not)to do sth.
need to do sth
语法:I think I’ll take the bus to the party.                         If you do, you’ll be late.
What will happen if they have the party today?          If they have it today, half the class won’t come.
Should we ask people to bring food?      If we ask people to bring food, they’ll just bring potato chips and chocolate.

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