2016九年级英语上册第二单元学案(人教版)

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2016九年级英语上册第二单元学案(人教版)

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2016九年级英语上册第二单元学案(人教版)

Unit 2
                    Section B(1a—2c)
学习目标
1.谈论自己过去喜欢的事情。
2.掌握下列知识点:
■重点词汇:hate,candy,chew,gum
■重点短语:①walk to school   ②on the soccer team   ③all the time
④worry about     ⑤chew gum
■重点句型:
We have to take the bus to schoo1.
■语法:反意疑问句
预习导学
Ⅰ.英汉短语互译。
1.步行去上学                   
2.chew gum                     
3.一直;总是                    
4.nt he soccer team            
Ⅱ.预习Section Bla,1b,写出你小时候喜欢的事情。
5.I used to like                    
6.I used to                         
7.I used                            
合作研讨
一、重点单词与短语
1.hateu.讨厌;恨;不喜欢
例如:I used to hate music class.我过去讨厌音乐课。
【拓展】hate后跟名词、代词、动名词或不定式作宾语,同义词为dislike,反义词like。
【跟踪训练】
(1)他不喜欢在晚上开车
He hates    at night.
2.chew.嚼;咀嚼
【跟踪训练】
(2)吃饭要细嚼慢咽。
You must    your food well before you swallow it.
3.worry about担心;焦虑
【拓展】与be worried about同义
【跟踪训练】
(3)不要担心她。
Don't         her.
二、重点句型与语法
■句型
We have to take the bus to schoo1.
我们不得不乘公共汽车去上学。
【精解】①have to意为“必须;不得不”,后跟动词原形。
【辨析】have to/must
have to具有客观性,不以人的主观意志为转移;而must强调主观性。have to可以用于各种时态,而must则不能。
【跟踪训练】
(4)他不得不早起赶早班车。
He         get up early to catch the early bus。
(5)我们必须学好英语。
We    learn English    .
【精解】②take the bus意为“乘公共汽车”,“take+the+交通工具”,相当于“by+交通工具”。
 【跟踪训练】
(6) go to school by bus every day.(同义句转换)
 I              to schoo1 every day.
■语法
反意疑问句
反意疑问句,表示说话人提出某种情况或建议,询问对方是否同意。
(1)反意疑问句的结构
反意疑问句是由“陈述句+反意疑问部分”构成,其反意疑问部分的结构是:be动词/助动词/情态动词+主语。否定形式要用缩略形式。
  ①主句为肯定陈述句,反意疑问部分为否定形式,即“前肯后否”式。
【跟踪训练】
(7)You are a student,          ?
②主句为否定陈述句,反意疑问部分为肯定形式,即“前否后肯”式。
 【跟踪训练】
(8)He hasn't finished his homework,         ?
(2)反意疑问部分的主语和谓语的确定
①反意疑问部分的主语用代词而不用名词。
 【跟踪训练】
(9)My brother likes playing basketball,          ?
   ②陈述句中含有否定意义的词,如little,few, never ,hardly,nothing,nobody等,其反意疑问部分用肯定形式。
 【跟踪训练】
(10)He knows little English,         ?
    ③陈述句是“there be”结构时,其反意疑问部分用“be+there"。  
 【跟踪训练】
(11)There is a post office near the school,          ?
④以Let's开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分为shall we;以Let us开头的祈使句,反意疑问部分为will you;主句为祈使句,反意疑问部分为will you。
 【跟踪训练】
(12)Let's go home,         ?
(13)Don't be late again,         ?
⑤陈述句中含有情态动词must时,若must表示“必须”时,反意疑问部分用needn't。若must表示推测“一定;想必”之意时,其反意疑问部分的动词应根据must后面的动词来确定。
 【跟踪训练】
(14)We must work hard,         ?
(15)She must have finished her homework,          ?
⑥当陈述句为含有宾语从句的主从复合句时,反意疑问部分的动词和主语通常与主句的动词和主语保持一致。若主句的主语是第一人称I/we,其谓语动词又是think,sup-pose,believe,imagine等,则反意疑问部分的主语和动词应与从句的主语和动词保持一致。
 【跟踪训练】
(16)Tom said that he would visit China next month,         ?
(17)I think she can solve the problem,         ?
(3)反意疑问句的答语
应根据具体的语言环境确定用肯定回答或否定回答,即根据事实回答。对“前否后肯”式的反意疑问句的回答要注意其回答形式要一致,即肯定用Yes,后面的部分用肯定形式,Yes译为“不”;否定用No,后面的部分用否定形式,No意为“是的”。
 【跟踪训练】
(18)—Your father isn't a doctor, is he?  -         (不,他是).
当党检测
Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词
1.I used to c    gum a lot. What about you?
2.一Do you like    (糖果)?  一No,I don't.
3.Some students usually go to school on    (步行).
4.She used to    (讨厌)gym class.
5.He is a basketball P    .
Ⅱ.根据汉语提示完成句子
6.I don't         (担心)tests.
7.Li Lei often              (乘公共汽车)to school.
8.She      (不得不)look after her little brother because her mother isn't at home.
课后练习
Ⅰ.单项选择
(  )1.Tom plays basketball well and he is    the basketball team.  
A .in    B. on    C. at    D. with
(  )2.If you are famous ,people will follow you    .
A. all the time   B. the all timeC.a11 time   D. time all
(  )3.He used to play ping-pang,    .
        A. don't he     B. didn't he  C. wasn't he    D .doesn't he
(  )4.—You are new here,    .   —Yes, I came here last year.
A. do you     B .don't you   C .are you    D .aren't you
(  )5.—Bill had nothing for breakfast this morning    ?
          —    ,he got up too late.
A. had he;Yes  B. hadn't he;Yes  C. did he;No  D. didn't he;No
Ⅱ.阅读理解
It took John many months to save up(积蓄)seven pounds .He wanted to buy a new model plane and went to the shop with the money.
On the way, john saw a little boy crying on the corner of the street. “Why are you crying?” John asked.
“Three big boys took away four pounds from me just now ,”the boy said.” I was on my way to buy some exercise books,but I can't.”
John thought of the seven pounds in his pocket. He thought of the model plane and the poor boy.
John wanted to walk away,but he did not. At last he gave four pounds to the boy and went home.
John felt happy. Do you know why? It was because the little boy was happy.
根据短文内容填空
John spent many  6  saving  7  seven pounds. He  8  to buy a new model plane. On the way to the  9  ,he saw a boy  10  .The boy  11  John that three boys had taken away four pounds from him,and he couldn't  12  some exercise books.
  13  last John gave  14  four pounds. John didn't buy the  15  plane,but he felt happy all the same.
6.        7.        8.        9.        10.     
11.       12.       13.       14.       15.     
 
 
                                Unit 2
Section B(3a—4a)
学习目标:
1.谈论自己存在的问题。
2.掌握下列知识点:
■重点词汇:chat,daily,comic
■重点短语:①a11 day ②not...any more chat with ④in the last few years ⑤these days
■重点句型:
①When I was young,I used to have so much time,but these days I get up early and stay in schoo1 a11 day.
②Before I started high schoo1,I used to spend a 1ot of time playing games with my friends,but I just don't have the time anymore.
预习导学
Ⅰ.英汉短语互译。
1.太忙了             2.not...any more             
3.闲聊                      4.in the last few years             
Ⅱ.阅读Section B 3a部分,回答下列问题。
5.What's Rose Tang's biggest problem?
                                                                                         
6.Did Rose Tang use to have so much time when she was young?
                                                                                        
7.Does Rose Tang miss the o1d days?
                                                                                          
合作研讨
一、重点单词与短语
1.chat 认聊天;闲谈
【拓展】chat with sb意为“和某人聊天”,相当于chat to sb.
【跟踪训练】
(1)以前晚饭后我常和奶奶聊天。
  I used to         my grandmother after dinner
2.daily adj.每日的;日常的
【拓展】以1y结尾的形容词还有:friendly(友好的),lovely(可爱的;美丽的)等
【跟踪训练】
(2)你的日常生活如何?
How is your         ?
二、重点句型
1.When I was young, I used to have so much time,but these days I get up early and stay in schoo1 a11 day.
当我小的时候,我常常有那么多的时间,但是现在我早早起床,整天待在学校里。
【精解】so much意为“如此多的”,修饰不可数名词。so many意为“如此多的”,修饰可数名词复数。
【跟踪训练】
(3)我太忙了,我有这么多家庭作业要做。
I am too busy. I have         homework to do.
【拓展】(1)so....that...意为“如此……以至于……”,引导结果状语从句;so that意为“以便;为了”,相当于in order to,引导目的状语从句。
【跟踪训练】
(4)他跑得如此快,我们跟不上他。
He ran    quickly    we couldn't keep up with him
(5)She got up early so that she could catch the early bus.(同义句转换)
   She got up early                catch the early bus.
【拓展】(2)“so+助动词+主语”意为“……也是如此”,代替上句提到的情况或事实;“so+主语+助动词”意为“……确实……”,表示赞同。
【跟踪训练】
(6)—Tom can speak French.   —              (我也会说).
(7)—Li Lei is good at swimming。—              (是呀).
2.BefOre I started high schoo1,I used to spend a 1ot of time playing games with my friends,but I just don't have the time anymore.
在上中学之前,我常常花费大量时间和朋友们一起做游戏,但是现在我再也没有这样的时间了。
【精解】(1)spend意为“花费”时,后跟表示时间或金钱等的单词。
【跟踪训练】
 (8)昨天晚上做家庭作业花费了我半小时。
I    half an hour    my homework 1ast night.
【辨析】spend/take/cost/pay(for)
spend/take/cost/pay(for)四个单词都有“花费的意思,但用法不同。
①spend主语为“人”,常用句式“sb.+spends+时间/金钱十onsth./(in)doing sth./with sb.”。
②take意为“需要;花费”时,其常用句式“it takes/took+sb.+时间/金钱+to do sth.”,“为形式主语,动词不定式to do sth.作真正的主语。
③cost意为“花费”时,主语为“物”,常指花费金钱,其常用句式“sth.+cost+sb.+金钱”。
④pay意为“花费”时,主语为“人”,其常用句式“sb.+pay+金钱+for+sth.”。
【跟踪训练】
(9)今年夏天我要和我奶奶度过假期。
I'll    my vacation    my grandmother this summer.
(10)昨天晚上做家庭作业花费了我半小时。
It    me half an hour         my home-work last might.
(11)这本书花了我十元钱。
The book    me 10 Yuan.
(12)这本书花了我十元钱。
I    10 Yuan    the book.
【精解】(2)not anymore意为“不再”,not应置于be动词或助动词之后,anymore应位于句末。
【拓展】not anymore的同义短语为no 1onger,not any longer, no more, not any more
【跟踪训练】
(13)她不再住儿了。
She    live here    .
当堂检测
Ⅰ.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词
1.Sorry,I have no time to chat with you. I’m b    now.
2.I really     (想念)the o1d days.
3.How much did you    (花费)on the CD player?
Ⅱ.根据汉语提示完成子
4.You aren't a chi1d        (不再).You Should 1ook after yourself.
5.We    (花费)two hours    (完成)the work yesterday.
6.She is    (闲聊)with her friend on the phone.
课后练习
Ⅰ.单项选择
(   )1.—I have many beautiful stamps.    —    .
A. So I do    B. So have I   C.SO do I    D.I do so
(   )2.Now l have to stay in schoo1    .
         A.a11 day   B all the day  C.a11 days  D.a11 the days
(   )3.—How 1ong did it take you    your home-work every day?
         —About two hours.
         A. to finish    B .finishing   C. finished     D. finishes
(   )4.His life    a 1ot in the 1ast few years.
         A. changed    B  changes    C .has changed   D. had changed
(   )5    important for everyone    English well.
        A. It’s;to 1earn  B. It's;learning  C.That's;to 1earn D.That'`s;1earning
Ⅱ.根据短文内容,完成已给出首字母的单词,使短文内容通顺完整。
We are very g   6   that Wang Ming has made great progress. He used to b
  7   late for schoo1 and didn’t 1istento the teachers c  8  in class .After schoo1,he 1iked p   9   computer games and watching TV .He didn’t do his homework So his 1essons were bad. He  f   10   in many subjects. Li Ping is a good boy. His g   11   at his lessons. Hem   12   friends with Wang Ping. He helps him with his 1essons and helps him w   13   out problems. Now,with Li  Ping’s  help,Wang Ming has become i   14   in his lessons. He studies hard and finishes his homework on time. Besides,he gets on well with his classmates .From this,we know that it’s I   15   for us to help and 1earn from each other.
6.      7.      8.     9.        10.    
11.     12.        13.         14.     15.     
 
 

                                  Unit 2
Self-Check and Reading
学习目标
1.掌握借助上下文学习新单词和短语的方法。
2.掌握下列知识点:
■重点词汇:death,cause,himself,patient,attention,waste,afford
■重点短语:①in the end ②make a decision ③to one's surprise ④even though ⑤no longer
⑥take pride in  ⑦pay attention to ⑧give up ⑨a fifteen-year-o1d boy
■重点句型:
①It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot.
②She also to1d me that even though my father was no longer with us,he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.
预习导学
I.英汉短语互译。
1.最后;终于                    2.even though                    
3.对……注意;留心               4.to one's surprise                
5.对……感到自豪                 6.make a decision                
Ⅱ.阅读Reading部分,回答下列问题。
7.How o1d is Martin Murray?
                                       
8.Has Martin changed in the end?
                                       
合作研讨
一、重点单词与短语
1.death n.死;死亡
  例如:His pet dog’s death made him very sad.宠物狗的死使他很伤心。
【辨析】die/dead/dying/death
①die u.意为“死”,强调的是“死”的瞬间动作,为非延续性动词,不能和表示一段时间的短语边用。如果和时间段边用,须用be dead。
②dead adj.意为“死的;死亡的”,强调的是“死”的状态,如果表示“死了多长时间”,则用“have/has been+-段时间”或“died+-段时间ago"。
【跟踪训练】
(1)He died two years ago(同义句转换)
He                       for two years.
【辨析】③dying为die的现在分词,也可以作形容词,意为垂死的;要死的”,如the dying bird,可用作定语或表语。
 ④death n.意为“死;死亡”,动词die的名词形式。
【跟踪训练】
(2)她妈妈的去世很突然。
The                her mother was sudden.
2.afford v.负担得起;买得起,后跟名词、代词或动词不定式。
  例如:I can't afford the big house.我买不起那栋大房子
【跟踪训练】
  我买不起汽车。
  I              to buy a car.
3.make a decision做决定;下决心,后常跟to do,其同义短语为decide to do。
【跟踪训练】
(4)He decided to work hard from now on.(同义句转换)
  He                        to work hard from now on.
【拓展】make意为“使;让”时,用作使役动词(如:make,1et,have等),其后常跟宾语或宾语补足语,宾语补足语主要由名词、形容词或动词不定式等充当。构成短语make sb.do sth./make sb.+adj.等。
【跟踪训练】
(5)过多的担心事情使我紧张。
Worrying  about things so much         me                .
4.to one's surprise令某人惊奇的是
【拓展】in surprise意为“惊讶;吃惊”
【跟踪训练】
(6) 出乎我的意料,他通过测试。
              ,he passed the exam.
二、重点句型
1.It seems that Yu Mei has changed a lot.
  玉梅似乎改变了很多。
【精解】seem v.似乎;好像,其用法如下:seem+形容词;seem+动词不定式;It seems+that从句。
【跟踪训练】
(7)天好像要下雨。
It seems          .
(8)看上云他们能做这项工作。
It          they are able to do the work.
2.She also to1d me that even though my father was no 1onger with us,he was watching me and would always take pride in everything good I do.
她还告诉我尽管我的父亲不再和我们在一起了,但是他一直在看着我,并且为我所做的每一件好事感到自豪.
【精解】①eventhough意为即使;纵然;尽管”,相当于even if引导让步状语从句。
【跟踪训练】
(9)即使下雨,我也要去听音乐会。
I’ll go to the concert           it rains.
【精解】②take pride in意为“对……感到自豪”,其同义短语为be proud Of。
【跟踪训练】
(10)We all take pride in Liu Xiang.(同义句转换)
We      all            Liu Xiang.
当堂检测:
I.根据句意及首字母或汉语提示完成单词
1.She is a good nurse. She is very p       with sick people.
2.He worked out the problem by h       .No one helped him.
3.P1ease pay a       to your pronunciation.
4.L       ,she didn’t hurt herself.
Ⅱ.用所给单词的适当形式填空
5.His mother couldn’t afford       (pay)for the house.
6.We are sorry for its       (die).
7.—Have you made a       (decide)?  —NO,I haven’t.
8.He wants to give up       (1earn)English.
Ⅲ.根据汉语提示完成句子
9.她有一个八岁的儿子。
  She has                son.
10.使我惊讶的是,他英语说得很好。
                          he speaks English well.
11.最后我们完成了工作。    ,
                          we finished the work
12.约翰和我跑得一样快。
John runs         fast         I.
Ⅰ.单项选择
(  )1.English is difficult for him So he wants to       .
       A. give up it    B go on   C. give back     D. give it up
(  )2.A11of Chinese are        long history..
       A. pride Of    B. proud Of  C. pride in    D .proud in
(  )3.—How do you feel when you watch the national flag go up?
        —lt makes me         very  proud.
       A. felt     B to feel     C. feeling     D. feel
(  )4.This week,the weather       to change every day:One day is hot,the next is co1d.
   A. seems   B .to feel     C. feeling   D .feel
(  )5.—I don’t have a partner to play table tennis with.  
—Why       a sports club to practice?
       A .don’ join    B. not joining    C .not to join   D. don’t you join
Ⅱ.根据短文内容,完成已给出首字母的单词,使短文内容通顺、完整。
Only mother love is true love It gives everybody everything a11 her life. When you are still a baby,mother takes good care of you as p    6   as she can. In your walking hours she always ho1ds you in her arms. When you are ill,she looks after you day and night and for gets about h   7  .When you are growing up day by day,she feels very happy .When you are o   8   enough to go to school,Mother still looks after you a11 the time. o   9    co1d winter days she always tells you to put on more c1othes.She always stands in the wind
   10   for you back from schoo1.When you hurry to 1eave home for schoo1 with l  11  breakfast,she always feels w  12  about you at home .She usually knows about your study and s   13  much money on your school things. When you do w
   14   at schoo1,you will see the brightest smile on her face.
  Mother is always ready to give everything she has to her children,not to r  15  What true love that is in the world! We’ll remember mother 1ove  forever.
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11.     12.        13.         14.       15.     

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