九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 3(仁爱版英语)

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九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 3(仁爱版英语)

文 章来 源莲山 课件 w w
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九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 3(仁爱版英语)

 

 Unit 3 Topic1 一.重点词语 1.be able to=can 能够,会 2.can’t wait to do sth.迫不急待地做某事 3.have a (good) chance to do sth.有(好)机会做某事 4.practice doing sth.练习做某事 5.be made by…被……制做;be made of/from…由……制成;be made in…在某地制造 6.on business出差 7.be similar to…和……相似 8.translate…into…把……翻译成…… 9.have no/some trouble (in) doing sth.做某事没有/有些困难 10.once in a while=sometimes/at times偶尔,间或 11.whenever=no matter when无论何时 12.as well as以及 13.mother tongue 母语 14.take the leading position处于领先地位 15.encourage sb. to do sth.鼓励某人做某事 16.call for号召 二.重点句型 1.Disneyland is enjoyed by millions of people from all over the world.世界上数以百万的人们都喜欢迪斯尼乐园。 2.I hope I can go there one day. 希望有一天我能去那儿。 3.English is widely spoken around the world.英语在世界上被广泛使用。 4.It is also spoken as a second language in many countries. 在许多国家它也被用作第二语言。 5.It is possible that you will have some trouble.你可能会遇到一些麻烦。 6.It’s used as the first language by most people in America,Canada,Australia ,Great Britain andNew Zealand. 它被美国、加拿大、澳大利亚、英国和新西兰的大多数人用作第一语言。 7.And two thirds of the world’s scientists read English. 并且世界上三分之二的科学家用英语阅读。 三.语法学习 一般现在时的被动语态 英语语态有主动语态和被动语态两种。主语是动作的执行者,叫主动语态。 如:We clean the classroom.我们打扫教室。主语是动作的承受者,叫被动语态。 如:The classroom is cleaned (by us).教室被(我们)打扫。 1. 被动语态的构成:助动词be+及物动词的过去分词+(by+宾语) 其中by意为“被……;由……”,表动作的执行者。 如:The glass is broken by that boy.玻璃杯是那个男孩打破的。 be有人称、数和时态的变化,其肯定式、否定式、疑问式的变化规则与be作为连系动词时完全一样。 如:English is widely spoken around the world. (肯定式) English is not widely spoken around the world. (否定式) Is English widely spoken around the world? (疑问式) Yes, it is./No, it isn’t. 2. 被动语态的用法:(1)在没有指明动作的执行者或者不知道动作执行者的情况下可用被动语态。如:This coat is made of cotton.这件大衣是棉制的。(2)要强调动作的承受者而不是执行者时,用被动语态。如:Her bike is stolen.她的自行车被偷了。 3. 主、被动语态的转换: 主动语态:主语+及物动词谓语动词+宾语(+其它) 被动语态:主语+be+及物动词的过去分词+by+宾语(+其它) 注意:(1)主动、被动互转时,时态不变。(2)主动句的主语是代词的主格形式,变成被动态by的宾语时,要用宾格形式。如: (1) People grow rice in the south. Rice is grown (by people) in the south. (2) She takes care of the baby. The baby is taken care of (by her). 四.交际用语:谈论英语的广泛使用 1.---You’ll have a good chance to practice speaking English there. ---You’re right. 2.---But I’m not good at English. I’m a little afraid. ---Don’t worry. 3.---Is Spanish similar to English? ---Not really. Topic 2 一. 重点词语 1.by the way 顺便说一下 2.depend on取决于……;依靠…… 3.be different from与……不同 4.succeed in成功,达成 5.make yourself understood表达你自己的意思 6.on one’s way to 在某人去……的路上 7.see sb. Off给……送行 8.leave for…前往某地/leave…for…离开…去… 9.in twenty minutes二十分钟之后 10.written English笔头英语/oral English英语口语 11.generally speaking一般说来,大致上说 12.as for sb./sth.至于某人/某物 13.be close to…靠近…… 14.in person身体上,外貌上;亲自 15.be found of…爱好…… 16.be forced to do sth.被迫做……/force sb.to do强迫某人做某事 17.even worse 更糟的是 二.重点句型 1. Is Australia English the same as British English? 澳式英语和英式英语一样吗? 2.English is spoken differently in different English-speaking countries. 不同的国家使用不同的英语。 3. For example, there are differences between British English and American English.例如,在英式英语和美式英语之间有些不同点。 4 I can’t believe that I’m flying to Disneyland.我简直不敢相信我就要飞往迪斯尼乐园了。 5.I hope I won’t have any difficulty.我希望不会遇到什么困难。 6.Whenever you need help, send me an-mail or telephone me. 无论何时你需要帮忙,给我发电子邮件或打电话。 7.Not only children but also adults enjoy spending their holidays in Disneyland.不但青少年而且成年人也喜欢到迪斯尼乐园度假。 三、 语法学习 用现在进行时表示将来 现在进行时表示将来时,常有“意图”、“安排”(但不是固定不变的)或“打算”含义。它表示最近或较近的将来,所用的动词多是位移动词。 如:come, go, arrive, leave, fly, start, begin, return, open, die 例:I’m going.我要走了。 When are you starting?你什么时候动身? Don’t worry. The train is arriving here soon.别着急,火车马上就到了。 表示将来的现在进行时除了用于位移动词外,亦可用于某些非位移动词。 如:My uncle is meeting us tomorrow.我叔叔明天会见我们。 She is buying a new bike soon.她不久将买一辆新自行车。 四.交际用语:谈论不同国家英语的不同点并了解交际中的身体语言 1.I can’t follow you. Can you speak more slowly, please? 2.Oh, it sounds interesting. 3.If you want to succeed in making yourself understood, you need to know some of these differences 4.---What’s up? ---The foreigner is asking for a ride. 5.Generally speaking, American English is different from British English in pronunciation and spelling. Topic 3 一、 重点词语 1.in public在公共场所 2.at times=sometimes有时 3.feel like doing=would like to do想要做…… 4..give up sth./doing sth.放弃 5..turn to sb. for help求助于某人 6..give sb. some advice on/about…给某人一些有关……的建议 7..be weak in在……方面很差/be good at在……方面很好 8..be afraid of doing sth.害怕做某事 9.make mistakes犯错误 10.take a deep breath深呼吸 11.the best time to do做某事最好的时间 12.do some listening practice做些听力训练 13.reply to=answer回答 14.advise sb. to do建议某人做某事(名词advice) 二、 重点句型 1.Could you make yourself understood in the U.S.A?在美国,别人能懂得你的话吗? 2.I don’t know what to do.我不知道该怎么办? 3.At times I feel like giving up.有时我想要放弃。 4.Try to guess the meanings of the new words, and get the main idea of the article.尽量猜测生词的意思,理解文章的大意。 5.I dare not answer questions in class, because I’m afraid of making mistakes.我不敢在课堂上回答问题,困为我害怕犯错误。 6.It’s an honor to talk with all of you.与在座的各位交谈是我的荣幸。 7.But remember to choose the ones that fit you best. 但是记住要选择最适合你的一种。 8.I insist that you practice English every day. 我坚持认为你们每天都应该练习英语。 9.Believing in yourself is the first step on the road to success. 自信是通往成功的第一步。 三、 语法学习 wh- +to do wh-是指when, where, which, who(m)及how等连接词,它们和动词不定式连用,即为wh- +to do结构。这种结构在句中常作主语、表语和宾语,作宾语时可以转换为宾语从句。(对于谓语动词来说,wh- +to do这个不定式动词的动作是个尚未发生的动作,所以在转换成宾语从句时,通常须加情态动词或用将来时表示未来。) 如:I don’t know what to do.=I don’t know what I should do. She can’t decide which to buy.=she can’t decide which she will buy. 反之,如果主句中的主语与宾语从句中的主语一致时,宾语从句(由疑问词引导)通常可以与“疑问词+不定式”互相转换。 如:I don’t know what I should do.=I don’t know what to do. 如果不一致就不能转换。I want to know what Mary will do.(不能说:I want to know what to do.) 四、交际用语:谈论如何学习英语 1.---…, but I hate to speak English in public. ---You’d better not. 2.---I know it’s very important to learn English well. But it’s difficult for me. ---Me, too. 3.Have you ever had any difficulties in studying English? 4.---…, could you give us some advice on how to learn English well? ---You’d better follow the tape and do some listening practice. I think the best time to remember new words is in the morning.

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