九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 4(仁爱版英语)

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九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 4(仁爱版英语)

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九年级英语上册知识点归纳Unit 4(仁爱版英语)


Unit 4 Topic 1 一、重点词汇: (一)词形转换: 1. successful(副词) 2. proper(副词) 3. completely(动词) 4. leader(动词) 5. succeed(名词) 6. hero(复数) 7. physics(形容词) 8. fix(同义词) 9. introduce(名词) 10. far(比较级) (二)重点词组: 1. go around 环绕 2. send…into… =send up…into… 把……送入 3. congratulations on sth 祝贺某事 4. be proud of 为……而自豪 5. be moved by 为……而感动 6. Thanks/Thank you for +n./ving sth 感谢某人做的某事 7. have physical examinations 做体检 8. in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状态 9. can’t help doing 情不自禁做…… 10. take turn to (do sth) 轮流(做某事) 11. no doubt 无疑地 12. as well as 除……的之外,也 13. for instance/example 例如 14. work on 做……(方面)的工作 15. depend on/upon 依靠,依赖 16. turn on 打开 17. turn off 关掉 18. turn up 开大 19. turn down 关小 20. click on 用鼠标点击 21. look forward to doing sth 期待做某事 二、重点句型: 1. Now big plans are being made to send up more satellites and even build a space station. 现在中国正在计划发射更多的卫星,甚至建造一个空间站。 (1) 句子“are being made”是现在进行时的被动语态,结构“be being+过去分词”。 (2) 主动句中的宾补如果是不带to的不定式时,变成被动句后,成为主补的不定式必须带to,常见跟不带to的复合宾语的动词有see、feel、hear、make等。 2. I’m moved by what Yang Liwei did. 我被杨利伟所做的事感动了。 (1) What Yang Liwei did 是介词by的宾语从句,意为“杨利伟所做的事” (2) be moved by 为……而感动 如:The students are moved by the old man’s story. 同学们为那位老人的故事而感动。 3. Generally speaking, we are in good health now. 一般来说,我们现在的健康状况良好。 (1) generally speaking “一般来说、大体上、大概” (2) in good/bad health 处于好(不好)的身体状况。如: He has a cold, he is always in bad health. 他感冒了,他的身体状况总是不好。 4. We couldn’t help looking at the earth again and again.我们忍不住再三地看着地球。 (1) can’t/couldn’t help doing sth. 忍不住做某事,不能停止做某事。如: I can’t help crying. 我忍不住哭了。 (2) again and again 一再,屡次,如: The teacher has told him again and again.老师已屡次和他讲过了。 5. I was able to fall asleep as soon as I got into the sleeping bag. We took turns to have a rest. 一进入睡袋我就睡着了。我们轮流休息。 take turns to (do sth.) 轮流(做某事)。 The Browns take turns to look after the baby. 布朗一家轮流照看这个婴儿。 6. It has proved that China has made great progress in developing its space industry. 这证明了中国航天业的发展已取得了巨大的进步。 It has proved that… 这证明了…… 7.There is no doubt that computers are widely used by workers in business and technology. 毫无疑问,电脑被商业,科技工作者广泛地应用. There is no doubt that… 译为“毫无疑问”如: There is no doubt that we should protect the environment. 毫无疑问我们应该保护环境。 8. Computers have made the world smaller, like a “village”. 电脑使得世界变小了,就像一个“村庄”。 make+宾语+形容词 “使……怎样”如: We’ll try our best to make our country more and more beautiful. 我们将尽全力使我产的国家越来越美丽. 三、日常交际用语: Congratulations! Thanks for your introduction. Pleased to meet you. =Nice to meet you. It’s an honor to interview you now. What do you think of ShenZhou VI? =What are your thoughts about ShenZhou VI? 四、重点语法: 宾语补足语: 宾语补足语用来补充说明宾语,与宾语一起构成复合宾语。可作宾语补足语的有名词、形容词、副词、介词和动词不定式等。 (一)、名词、形容词、副词、介词短语作宾语补足语。如: 1.We call him Jim.(名词) 我们叫他吉姆。 2.We must keep our school clean every day.(形容词) 我们必须每天保持校园清洁。 3.Call him in, please.(副词) 请叫他进来。 4.Leave it on the desk.(介词短语) 把它留在课桌上。 (二)、动词不定式作宾语补足语可分为三种情况: 1.跟带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有:ask, tell, get, teach, want, invite, like, allow, wish, encourage等。如:Tell Jane to sing us a song.叫简给我们唱支歌。 2.跟不带to的不定式作宾语补足语。常见的这类动词有“一感(feel)、二听(listen to, hear),三让(make, let, have),四看(look at, see, watch, notice)如:Let’s have a rest.让我们休息一会儿。 但这种结构变成被动语态时,to必须加上。如: He was seen to leave the room with a book in his hand.有人见他手拿着一本书离开这个房间。 3.跟带to或不带to的动词不定式作宾语补足语。这类动词只有help。如: Can you help me (to) wash my clothes ? 你能帮我洗衣服吗? (三)、分词作宾语补足语可分为两种情况。 1.现在分词作宾语补足语,经常表示正在发生的动作。可跟这类补足语的动词有:see, watch, hear等。如: I hear somebody singing in the next room. 我听见有人在隔壁唱歌。 2.过去介词作宾语补足语,经常表示被动。如: You need to have your hair cut. 你需要理发了。 Topic 2 一、 重点词汇: 1. be used for +ving 被用做…… 2. come true 实现 3. It’s said that 据说 4. during/in one’s life 某人一生 5. be known as 以……(身份)而著名 6. know/say for certain 确切知道/肯定地说 7. all the time 一直、总是 8. no longer=not…any longer 不再 (no more, not…any more) 9. as long as 只要 10. as far as 就……,尽…… 11. make a great contribution 对…作出巨大贡献 12. the rest of the time 在其余地时间里 13. at any time 在任何时候 二、 重点句型: 1. Because I’m not allowed to play computer games. 因为我不可以玩电脑游戏。 allow “允许、准许”的意思。常用于以下几种形式: (1) allow +n./prep 如: We can’t allow such a thing. 我们不容许这种事情发生。 (2) allow sb. to do sth 允许某人做某事 如: She allowed me to go fishing. 她允许我去钓鱼。 (3) allow +doing sth 允许做某事 如: We don’t allow smoking in the reading-room. 我们不允许在阅览室吸烟。 (4) be allowed to do sth 如:被允许做某事 The students are allowed to play games on the play ground after school. 放学后学生们被准许在操场上做游戏。 2. How do you say this in English? 这用英语怎么说? 其意思与What’s this in English相同。 3. It’s made from wood. 它用木材做的。 (1) be made in 在……地方制造,后接表示地点的名词。 (2) be made of 用……制造的,表示原材料未经化学变化,仍可看得出原材料。 (3) be made from 用……制造的,表示原材料经过化学变化,已看不出其原样。 (4) be made by 由(被)……(人)制作,后接表示人的名词或代词。 (5) be made into (某物)被制成…… (6) be made up of 由……组成 如: The TV set is made in Japan. 这台电视机是日本生产的。 These houses are made of stones. 这些房子是由石头建造的。 Paper is made from wood. 纸是木头造的。 Was this cake made by your mother? 这蛋糕是你妈妈做的吗? Metal can be made into all kinds of things. 金属可以制成各种各样的物品。 The medical team is made up of ten doctors. 这支医疗队由10位大夫组成。 4. It’s used for helping us to improve our English. 它用来帮助我们提高英语水平。 (1) be used for+ving be used to do (被)用来做…… 强调用途或作用 (2)be used as (被)作为……而用,强调被当作工具或手段来用。 (3)be used by 被……使用,by后跟人/物,强调使用者。如: Pens are used for writing. 钢笔被用来写字。 Wood is used to make paper. 木材被用来造纸。 English is used as a foreign language in China. 英语在中国被当作外语使用。 Recorders are often used by English teachers. 英语老师经常使用录音机。 5. People are surprised at the rapid development of robots.人们为机器人的飞速发展感到惊讶。句子中be surprised at…是一个系表结构,表示“对……感到惊讶”。而be surprised by…是一个被动语态形式,表示“被……所惊讶”。如:I am surprised at you. 我对你的举动感到诧异。 The manager was surprised by what he saw on the computer.那位经理被眼前出现在电脑屏幕上的东西所惊讶。 6. They will no longer want to be our servants, but our masters.它们将不再愿意做我们的人,而要做我们的主人。 no longer(通常在动词前),not…any longer; not…any more(用于非正式文体中)都可表示“(过去曾……)现在不再……” 如: She no longer lives here. She doesn’t live here any longer(或 any more).她不在这儿住了。(过去她曾住这儿) 7. This method worked well at night as long as the weather was good and the stars could be seen. 在夜间只要天气晴朗,能看见星星,这种方法就能很好地发挥作用。 work well 有效 as long as 只要 三、日常交际用语: What’s it made of from? When/where was it made? It was invented in 1879. What will our future be like? I hope your dream will come true. 四、重点语法: 1、 一般过去时的被动语态 谓语部分的基本形式是be的过去式was/were+及物动词的过去分词。如: When was it made? 它是什么时候制造的? It was made in 1980.它是1980年制造的。 When was the digital camera invented? 数码像机是什么时候发明的? It was invented in 1975. 它是1975年发明的。 2、时间前所用介词的速记歌 年月周前要用in,日子前面却不行。 遇到几号要用on,上午下午又是in。 要说某日上下午,用on换in才能行。 午夜黄昏须用at,黎明用它也不错。 at也用在时分前,说“差”可要用上to。 说“过”只可使用past,多说多练牢牢记,莫让岁月成蹉跎。 Topic 3 一、重点词汇:1.travel by spaceship 乘宇宙飞船旅行 2.in the future 3.in order to 为了 4.on the radio 通过收音机 5.take part in 参加 6.grow up 成长、长大 7.prefer…to 喜欢……胜过…… 8.What’s worse 更为糟糕的是 9.be worth it 有好处,值得一干 10.at a distance of 相隔 11.send sb a message 给某人发送信息 二、重点句型: 1. I don’t think aliens can be found in space. 我认为外星人不可能出现在太空里。 (1)当think, believe, suppose, imagine, expect等动词后的宾语从句含有not的否定词时,该否定应移至主句,即否定主句的谓语动词。如: I don’t think it will rain tomorrow. 我认为明天不会下雨。 如果主句的主语是第二、三人称,否定式一般不转移。如: He supposes they won’t win the game. 他猜想他们赢不了比赛。 (2)can +be +过去分词,是情态动词构成的被动语态。如: This can’t be done in a short time. 这不是短期内能完成的。 2. It has been two days since we landed on Mars.自从我们登上火星以来已经两天了。 it用作主语谈论时间,常与since连用。 如:It is(或has been) three years since we left school.自从我们离开学校以来已经三年了。 3. What’s worse, our water supplies were very low. 更糟糕的是,我们的水供给是非常有限的。 What’s worse 更糟糕的是。类似结构还有:What’s more 更有甚者;更为重要的是。 4. It’s a quarter as big as the earth. 它是地球的四分之一大。 倍数表示法:倍数+as+形容词/副词+as 如:This box is three times as heavy as that one. 这只箱子是那只箱子的三倍重。 5. Mars goes around the sun at a distance of about 228 million kilometers. 恒星在相隔大约228000000千米的地方绕着太阳转动。 (1)at a distance of 相隔 (2)at a distance 在远处。如: The moon goes around the earth at a distance of 380000km. 月球在距地球38万千米的地方绕地球旋转。 The police followed him at a distance. 警察远远地跟着他。 三、 日常交际用语: Sound great! What is it about? What fun! I can’t wait. You think man can live in space one day? I Think so. I hope I can live there one day. 四、重点语法: 情态动词的被动语态:是由“情态动词+be+及物动词的过去分词”构成。如:Aliens can not be seen on the earth. 在地球上不可能见到外星人。 Other planets may be visited soon in the future. 将来其他的星球也会有人登陆。 Scientific research should be done carefully. 应该认真地进行科学研究。 These trees must be watered in time. 这些树应该及时浇水。

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