2017年中考英语复习第二部分串讲第5讲短文填空检测(带答案)

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2017年中考英语复习第二部分串讲第5讲短文填空检测(带答案)

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第5讲 短文填空
 
(一)
 2016年广东省初中毕业生学业考试
 
Like most Chinese, Mr.Zhang has a traditional family.71.________ he and his wife are middle school teachers while their 6­year­old son is a pupil.Mr.Zhang's mother lives with them and helps look 72.________ the kid.They love one another and live 73.________ happy life.
Yesterday was Mr.Zhang's mother's birthday.The couple wanted to do something to 74.________ their love for her.After a big dinner, Mr.Zhang brought a basin (盆) of warm water and asked his mother to sit in front of the basin.He took off her shoes and put her 75.________ into the water.After that he began to wash them carefully.His wife helped to comb (梳) his mother's hair slowly.Seeing this, the boy 76.________ his mother's example.He tried to comb his mother's hair, too.But he was not tall 77.________ to do that.So he brought a chair and stood on it.Everyone could feel the warmth and love in the family.
78.________ we all know, respecting the old and taking care of the young is a good Chinese tradition.We should try 79.________ best to care for our family.We must visit our parents as often as possible and 80.________ time with them even though we may work far away.Indeed, family is a place for happiness.
(二)
 2015年广东省初中毕业生学业考试

 
The Great Wall is known as the eighth wonder of the world.Every year thousands of tourists from all over the world come to visit this place of 71.________ in China.
Last Saturday I went to the Great Wall 72.________ some of my friends.It was a sunny day.On our way up, we saw many volunteers (志愿者) keeping order in the sun.They helped the elders with their bags, 73.________ photos for some tourists and answered people's questions.Though they were very 74.________, they didn't stop to have a rest.We were deeply moved when we saw this.
Just at that moment, we saw 75.________ little boy standing alone and crying.We went over and asked what 76.________ to him.From his answer we knew that he couldn't find his mother.We told him not to 77.________ about it and then we tried to get in touch with his mother with the phone number he gave us.Twenty minutes 78.________, his mother turned up.When she saw her son, she was very excited and thanked 79.________ with tears in her eyes.
That day we not only enjoyed the beauty of the Great Wall, but also felt the warmth of the society.80.________ everyone can reach out a helping hand to others, the world around us will be more and more harmonious (和谐的).
(三)
 2014年广东省初中毕业生学业考试

 
I am Jackie Lee, an American Chinese.Let me tell you about my grandfather's life story.
 My grandfather was 71.________ in 1932 and grew up in a poor village in Fujian, China.At the age of 14, he first heard of America.It was said to be the land of gold and poor people could easily become 72.________ there.
 So, my grandfather came to America.“I had thought it was easy to 73.________  money in America,” he told me.“But when I 74.________ in Los Angeles, I realized it was not true.I couldn't find a good job because I spoke little English.I wanted to go to a language school to learn English, 75.________ I couldn't afford it.Later, I worked in a small 76.________, serving the guests, cleaning up the tables, washing the dishes and sweeping the floors.I was such 77.________ helpful and honest worker that my boss was pleased with me.I was popular with my workmates, 78.________.Life became easier and in the end I entered an evening school to learn English.”
My grandfather kept working hard, and finally made 79.________ dream come true.Things do not come easily in life.That is what I have learned 80.________ my grandfather.

 
(一)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
“I believe we must have a chance to succeed as long as we never give up.” This is the richest man's 1.________ saying in China.His name is Ma Yun, who has been the CEO of Alibaba.2.________ English name is Jack Ma.
 
He was born in Hangzhou, Zhejiang on Teachers' Day of 1964.He 3.________ as the degree of foreign language from Hangzhou Teachers' College at the age of 23.His 4.________ job is a teacher in a common college.He became a well­known teacher 5.________ of his wonderful speech and translating skill.At the 6.________ of 1992, he started a simple translating company.He asked some old teachers to 7.________ him, though he made little money and he had to make some money to supply his company by selling flowers and gifts.
He really began to make money in 1997 by creating a famous webpage 8.________ “China Pages”.He always believes himself and makes sure he himself could succeed at 9.________, because he put all his heart into everything important.He can create many things that are different 10.________ others, so he can always succeed and make much money.He ever said, “Making money isn't my purpose, but a process.”
(二)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
Peter was the best table tennis player in his school and hardly ever lost a match.He hated losing anything.When he 1.________, he would feel really good.If he lost, he would feel terrible.It seemed to Peter that losing was the 2.________ thing in the world.
A new kid, Albert, came to Peter's school.He was a good table tennis player, 3.________.Soon there would be a match 4.________ Peter and Albert.Peter worked hard to get ready for the match, but Albert didn't seem to think 5.________ of it.When the match began, Albert was a real player.There was always a smile on his face, while Peter looked 6.________ all the time.Peter thought 7.________ was so important to win the match that he even wanted to cheat, but he lost in the 8.________.
“You played very well, Peter.I think we can play again sometime,” said Albert.
But Peter didn't feel happy and couldn't 9.________ asleep that night.
One day, Peter saw Albert playing basketball.Though he lost again and again, the happy smile never left his face.Peter found Albert was 10.________ at table tennis but bad at basketball.However, he enjoyed both of them.
Whether he won or lost the game, Albert enjoyed it.Peter came to realize that enjoying a game was much more important than winning or losing it.He felt happier than ever before.
 (三)
 难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
 When you're busy or stressed, don't forget your hobbies, such as listening to 1.________, reading and playing ball games.If eating makes you  2.________ better, you can go to your favourite restaurant to  3.________ a delicious meal.
  Parents may not think that it is 4.________ to watch TV.5.________, if you are worried about your English and don't know how to improve 6.________, why not watch some English TV programmes?
 If you're feeling bad 7.________ your weight and don't know 8.________ to do, why not go walking or jogging?
  Finally, trying to keep your worries to yourself can make them worse.I like to share my problems with my friends.They always give me useful 9.________.If you don't know who to talk to, you can always write 10.________ me.You're never alone.
(四)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 Football is, I suppose, the most popular game in England.Rich and 1.________, young and old, you can see them all there, shouting and 2.________ for one side or the other.
 
 You may be surprised to find that even the smallest boy seems to have the great 3.________ of the game.He can tell you the names of the players in most of the important teams.He has 4.________ of them and knows the results of many matches.He will tell you who he expects will 5.________ such a match, and his opinion is usually as valuable as that of men three or four times his age.
 In England, it is 6.________ that education means not only filling a boy's mind with facts in a classroom but also training character.One of the 7.________ ways of training character is by playing games, 8.________ team games, where the boy has to learn to work with others for his team, instead of working 9.________ himself alone.
 Football is good exercise for the 10.________.It is a team game, and it needs skill and a quick brain.So the school often arranges games and matches for its pupils.
(五)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
 If you think of after­school activities as a waste of time, you are wrong! After­school activities help us grow up in many 1.________.Above all, they offer us chances to practice 2.________ we learn in class.3.________ various activities, we can also learn more about today's society and a lot of new things that we can't learn from our books.What's more, they help to develop our abilities that we need 4.________ for our studies now and for our work and life in the future.
  We are busy with our studies at school, so after school we all need to 5.________ ourselves.After­school activities just make it possible 6.________ us to breathe 7.________ air and remove tiredness.Then, we can pay 8.________ to our studies and achieve good results.
  Some after­school activities will make us useful 9.________ helpful to others.Some can keep us strong and healthy, some may even change our life.So, all the students, get out and take 10.________ active part in various after­school activities!
(六)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
Lang Lang, from Shenyang, China, wanted to be 1.________ serious musician when he was a child.And so his father quit (放弃) his job and his mother kept 2.________ to support them.Later, his father with Lang Lang moved to Beijing.
But Lang Lang was 3.________ because his new teacher in Beijing didn't like him.“You have no talent,” she often told him, “You will 4.________ be a pianist.” So he didn't want to be a pianist anymore.For the next two weeks he didn't touch the piano.
5.________ the day came at school when Lang Lang's teacher asked him to play some holiday songs.As he placed 6.________ fingers on the piano's keys, he realized he could show other people that he had talent after all.
From then 7.________, everything turned around.He started winning competitions.And in 1997, his father and he moved to Philadelphia.His 8.________ teachers reminded him that he still had a lot to 9.________.
Lang Lang spent two years practicing there.And then he played the “Gala Benefit Evening” at Chicago's Ravinia Festival in 1999 and that performance was, for him, the moment.Still, his 10.________ kept telling him, “You'd better practice!”
(七)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
The students hiked about 30km from school to a local mountain and back.The school has held hiking 1.________ since 2001 to build the students' bodies and minds.
The trip lasted about nine 2.________ a half hours.“I felt a strong team spirit during this 3.________ experience,” said Li Yaoyu, one of the flag bearers (携带者) of the hike.“When we fell behind others, strong students supported weak ones so that we could 4.________ the trip.Some of them helped me carry the flag.I wouldn't have been able to finish the trip 5.________ their help.”
On the way 6.________ to school, an eighth grade student couldn't go on with the trip because he was a little fat.“We 7.________ that he take the school bus or give up the trip.But he refused and insisted on 8.________ by himself,” said the teacher.
He was the last to finish the hike.9.________ classmates waited for him at the school gate and cheered for him.I'm happy to see them learn the 10.________ of perseverance (坚持不懈), which will be very important in their future lives,” said Wang.
(八)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
One afternoon, I went to pick up my mother from work.I got there a little early, so I stopped my car by a small park, and waited for her.
As I looked outside the car window, I saw a little boy, about two years old, running 1.________ on the grass as his mother watched from a short distance.The boy had a big smile on his face as if he had just been 2.________ free from some sort of prison.He would then fall to the grass, get up, without 3.________ back at his mother, run as fast as he could, again, still with a smile on his 4.________ face, as if nothing had happened.
At that moment, I thought to 5.________, “Why aren't most adults this way?” Most adults, when they fall down, make a big deal out of it and don't even make a 6.________ attempt.They would be so embarrassed that they would not 7.________ again if someone saw them fall.Or, because they fall, they would find a good reason 8.________ themselves that they're not fit for it.
However, with kids, they don't consider their falling down as a failure, instead, they treat it as a learning 9.________.They try again and again until they succeed.As a result, they are not discouraged in any way.In other words, they allow themselves to make 10.________, so they remain energetic.
(九)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
A cat dies and goes to Heaven.God 1.________ him and says, “You have been a good cat.Anything you want is yours.All you have to do is ask.”
The cat says, “Well, I lived all my life 2.________ a poor family and had to sleep on the hardwood floor.”
God says, “Say no more.” And at once, a soft pillow appears.
A few days later, six 3.________ are killed and go to Heaven.God meets them with the same offer that he made to the cat.The mice say, “All our lives we've had to 4.________.Cats, dogs and even women with brooms have chased 5.________.If we could have a 6.________ of roller skates, we wouldn't have to run anymore.”God says, “Say no more.”7.________ soon, each mouse has a beautiful pair of tiny roller skates.
About a week later, God decides to check and see how the cat is doing.The cat is 8.________ on his new pillow.God 9.________ wakes him and asks, “How are you doing? Are you happy here?”
The cat says, “Oh, I've never been 10.________ in my life.And those meals on wheels you've been sending over are the best!”
(十)
 难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
Dear Sirs,
I would like to say something about my first talent show (才艺秀).
Standing at the back of stage, I could feel my heart beating 1.________ in my chest.“Just relax.” my friend Jenny said 2.________ a low voice.“You're quite ready for it.” I nodded.Jenny was right.I'd been 3.________ my song for the school talent show for six weeks.Still, thinking so many audiences made me want to run out of the door.
“Too 4.________ for that,” I thought, as Mr.Peterson announced my song.
Standing in the spotlight, I grasped the microphone and belted out the lyrics (歌词).I 5.________ my voice pour through the speakers and fill the room.“It's going 6.________,” I thought to myself.“Don't mess up.”I looked out at the sea of faces.The auditorium (观众席) was dark, but I could see hundreds of 7.________ looking back at me for such a long time.
As I finished the song, the audience began to clap.“Yeah, Katie!” one kid yelled.“You rock!” screeched (尖叫) 8.________.I took a bow and walked off the stage 9.________ a smile on my face.
“How many days are there until the 10.________ year's talent show?” I asked Jenny.
Best wishes.
(十一)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
Do you know who affects me most in my life? It's my father! In fact, I have been much affected by my father's humor, kindness, enterprise ever 1.________ I was a little girl.
My father is well­known 2.________ his humor.He's so humorous 3.________ his colleagues and friends all enjoy staying with him.He also uses humor to create a very 4.________ family atmosphere (气氛).My mother likes to chat over little things.When this happens, my father always gives a cup of tea to her and asks her to have it.And my mother 5.________ talking with her anger gone at once.
My father is also very kind to people.No matter when 6.________ is in trouble, he always offers his warm hands.All this earns him lots of friends and their respect as well.
My father is filled with enterprise in his life.He has 7.________ given up learning all the time.He has read many 8.________ on architecture to work much better.Now he has become 9.________ excellent worker in his company.
My father is the greatest man in the world.I'm very 10.________ of my father.
(十二)
难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
“Chinese cities should close schools, cut working hours and stop outdoor activities during the most serious period of 1.________ pollution,” the ministry of environmental protection has said.
“Every possible necessary measure 2.________ be taken to cut emissions (排放量) during the heaviest smog (雾霾).” Meanwhile, China is 3.________ with the smog in 4.________ big cities.
It was reported that an eight­year­old girl who lived near 5.________ busy street in Jiangsu Province had been diagnosed (诊断) with lung cancer.It was believed that the girl is the country's youngest lung cancer 6.________.
Although frequent (频繁的) calls for cutting pollution over recent years, the problem has only got 7.________.
Primary and middle schools had ever suspended (暂停) classes in the northeast city 8.________ Harbin during the smog.The airport and some bus routes were 9.________ closed.
China says it will soon cut coal consumption (消费) and shut down polluting mills, factories and smelters, 10.________ experts have said achieving the measures will be difficult.
 (十三)
 难度:★★★☆☆ 用时:________
 
  The earth is our homeland.We must look after it.Do you think it's our duty to 1.________ the environment? Sure, many famous 2.________ have started living a green life to set good models (榜样) for us.Some people go to work by bike or 3.________ foot.Some people often reuse (重复使用) water.For example, 4.________ they finish washing clothes, they use the water to clean the floor or water flowers.As for students, we can also do things to help.Saving (节约) paper is necessary.Try to make full use of 5.________.Don't throw away the used textbooks but give 6.________ to your brothers or sisters.And if we don't want 7.________ watch TV, turn it 8.________ in time.On 9.________ other hand, we 10.________ plant trees as many as possible.
 It's really important to live a green life, a happier life!
(十四)
难度:★★★★☆ 用时:________
 
There are five people in my family.Every day my parents are very busy trying to 1.________ money.In order to pay the high tuition (学费) for my brother, my sister and me, they hardly send flowers to each other.Besides, my father 2.________ a bad temper.
It's 3.________ for him to lose his temper from the hard work.I didn't know whether there was love 4.________ them until one spring.At that time, my father suddenly got 5.________ ill.
My mother had to stay with him in the hospital for months.When they returned from the hospital, they looked weak as if both of them had had a serious 6.________.
After they were back, my mother helped my father walk slowly on the country road every day in the morning.However, after two months my father still couldn't walk by 7.________.All of us were worried about him.“Dad, how are you feeling now?” I asked him one day.
“Susan, don't worry about me,” he said in a low voice.“I just like 8.________ with your mom.I like this kind 9.________ love.” Hearing this, I know he loves my mother very much.
Once I thought love meant 10.________, presents and sweet kisses.But from this experience, I understand that love is inside.It makes life strong and warm.
(十五)
难度:★★★★☆ 用时:________
 
School education is very important and useful.The students both learn knowledge and get 1.________ education.Yet, no one can learn everything from 2.________.The scientists, such as Edison, Newton, Galileo and Einstein, didn't learn everything from school.They learned a lot of knowledge 3.________ school or in practice by themselves.A    teacher, even he or she knows a lot, can't 4.________ the students everything.
The teacher's 5.________ is to show his students how to learn, how to read and how to think.A good teacher 6.________ rich experience in teaching can teach his students the methods of study.Through these methods the students are 7.________ to learn and get a lot of things by themselves.
Usually 8.________ is very easy for the students to remember some knowledge, 9.________ it is very difficult to use it for problems.If a teacher really shows the students the ability of how to 10.________ knowledge, it means the teacher has learned lots of knowledge by himself (or herself).The success in learning shows he or she knows how to study.

 

第5讲 短文填空

真题•南粤三年
(一)
本文是一篇记叙文。尊老爱幼是中华民族的优良传统,本文介绍了张老师一家为老母亲过生日的情景:爸爸为老人洗脚;妈妈为老人梳头;而孩子呢,则学着妈妈的样子为妈妈梳头,因为个子矮,站在凳子上为妈妈梳头……
71.Both both...and为固定搭配,意为“两者都……”,结合句中的and可知应填both。
72.after look after为固定搭配,意为“照看;照料”。
73.a 句意:他们彼此关爱,过着幸福的生活。live a happy life意为“过着幸福的生活”。
74.show 句意:夫妇想做点事情为她展示爱心。show意为“展示”。
75.feet 根据常识,脱下鞋子后应该是把脚放在水里,因为要洗的是两只脚,故用复数feet。
76.followed 句意:看到这些,男孩效仿妈妈的样子。follow意为“效仿;跟随”。
77.enough 句意:但他做这件事个子不够高。be not tall enough to do sth.意为“做某事不够高”。
78.As 句意:大家都知道,尊老爱幼是中国的优良传统。as we all know意为“大家都知道;众所周知”常用于句首引起下文。
79.our try one's best为固定搭配,意为“尽某人最大努力”,主语为we,故填其物主代词our。
80.spend spend time with sb.意为“花费时间和某人待在一起”。
(二)
本文是一篇记叙文,讲述了作者和朋友游览长城的经历。
71.interest place of interest是固定搭配,意为“名胜”。
72.with “some of my friends”在此表示伴随状况,所以应填介词with (和……一起)。
73.took 根据前后句中的动词helped, answered可知,此处应填一个动词的过去式;由后面的“photos for some tourists”可推断应填动词took,从而构成take photos (拍照)短语。
74.tired 根据空格前面的“were very”可知此处应填一个形容词;由后面的“they didn't stop to have a rest”可知,他们没有停下来休息,加上表示转折的连词though,故此空应填tired。
75.a boy是单数可数名词,在此表示泛指,little以辅音音素开头,故此处应填不定冠词a。
76.happened 由固定搭配“what happened to sb.”及前面的动词asked可知应填happened。
77.worry 由前句中的“he couldn't find his mother”和后面的“tried to get in touch with his mother”以及空格后面的about可知,本句应是“我们告诉他别担心此事”。 tell sb.not to do sth.表示“告诉某人不要做某事”,worry about表示“担心”,故填动词worry。
78.later 由“Twenty minutes”可知此处应用副词做状语;根据语境可知,我们与小男孩的妈妈联系了,20分钟后小男孩的妈妈出现了,故此处应填副词later。
79.us 由动词thanked可知此处应填一个指人的名词或代词宾格做宾语;结合上文内容可知,我们帮助小男孩找到了妈妈,所以妈妈非常感激我们。故此处应填代词宾格us。
80.If 根据句意可知,主句表示一种结果,而从句“人人伸出手帮助他人”则表示一种假设,故本句应是表示假设的条件状语从句,所以此处应填连词If。
(三)
本文是一篇记叙文,主要讲述了爷爷来美国的经历。 
71.born be born是固定搭配,意为“出生”,故应填born。
72.rich 根据上文“poor people”可推断填rich。
73.make/earn 根据be easy to do sth.结构,可知此处应填一个动词的原形;make/earn money (挣钱)是固定短语,故此空格填make/earn。
74.arrived arrive in意为“到达”;且根据下文“I realized it was not true”可知应填过去式。
75.but 根据“couldn't afford it”可知后半句表示转折关系,应填but。
76.restaurant 由“serving the guests, cleaning up the tables, washing the dishes and sweeping the floors”可知应填restaurant,即“饭店”。
77.a 由固定搭配“such+a/an+adj.+n.”且helpful为辅音音素开头可知应填a。
78.too 根据语境,肯定句中的“也”放在句尾,故应填too。
79.his my grandfather做主语,作为其代词应填his。
80.from learn from (从……学)是固定短语。
提升•专项训练
(一)
1.famous 2.His 3.graduated 4.first 5.because 
6.beginning 7.help 8.called 9.last 10.from 
(二)
1.won 2.worst 3.too 4.between 5.much/anything
6.serious 7.it 8.end 9.fall 10.great/good
(三)
1.music 2.feel 3.eat/have/enjoy 4.useful/helpful 
5.However 6.it 7.about 8.what
9.advice/suggestions 10.to
(四)
1.poor 2.cheering 3.knowledge 4.photos 5.win 6.believed 7.best 8.especially 9.for 10.body
(五)
1.ways 2.what 3.Through 4.both 5.relax  6.for
7.fresh 8.attention 9.and 10.an
(六)
1.a 2.working 3.sad/down/unhappy 4.never 
5.But 6.his 7.on 8.new 9.learn 10.father
(七)
1.trips 2.and 3.special 4.continue 5.without 
6.back 7.suggested 8.walking 9.His 10.meaning
(八)
1.freely 2.sent 3.looking 4.little 5.myself 
6.second 7.try 8.for 9.experience 10.mistakes
(九)
1.meets 2.with 3.mice 4.run 5.us 6.pair
7.And 8.sleeping 9.gently 10.happier 
(十)
1.heavily/fast 2.in 3.practicing 4.late 5.heard
6.well 7.eyes 8.another 9.with 10.next/following
(十一)
1.since 2.for 3.that 4.happy 5.stops 6.anyone
7.never 8.books 9.an 10.proud
(十二)
1.air 2.must 3.fighting 4.its/the 5.a 6.patient 7.worse 8.of 9.also 10.though/although
(十三)
1.protect 2.people/persons 3.on 4.when/after 
5.it/paper/that 6.them 7.to 8.off 9.the 
10.must/should/can
(十四)
1.make/earn 2.has 3.easy 4.between 5.badly 
6.illness 7.himself 8.walking 9.of 10.flowers 
(十五)
1.an 2.school 3.outside 4.teach 5.job 6.with 7.able 8.it 9.but 10.use

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