观成中学 2016 第一学期初三英语学科期中测试卷
A few years ago, I worked at a church(教堂) and since my son was home schooling, he went with me to the church every day. Most mornings, we’d stop at a local convenience store, getting a chocolate drink for him and a cup of coffee for me.
The clerk at the store we chose to visit refreshed our lives each day, and so we returned again and again. She had found her own way of enjoying life and her job. I’ m not even sure that she was realizing that her energy put a smile on the face of
When a customer brought cookies to the counter, any other clerk could have asked: “Would you like some milk with those cookies? ” Instead, she inquired,“Would you like a lottery ticket(彩票) with those cookies?”
She might have asked me if I wanted a donut with my coffee. But instead, she asked: “Would you like some batteries(电池) with that coffee?”
Yes, life is what you make of it. This clerk’s method of dealing with what some think is a boring job, and with the customers she met daily, made the hours in her
day more enjoyable. In doing that, she also refreshed the lives of others and made them laugh.
Sometimes, if my day at the church had been particularly tiring, we’d stop at that
store before heading home. We’d giggle (咯咯笑) as we left the store, the clerk’s words echoing (回响) behind us. “Would you like some shampoo with that soda?”
16. What did the writer do a few years ago?
A. She was a teacher in a school.
B. She was an office worker.
C. She was a doctor in a hospital.
D. She was a worker at a church.
17. When did the writer and her son usually stop at the local store?
A. In the morning
B. At noon
C. In the afternoon
D. In the evening.
18. Why did the writer and her son usually stop at the local store?
A. Because the drinks were delicious there.
B. Because the food was cheap there
C. Because they felt happy there
D. Because there was only store 19.what was the clerk like?
A. She was serious.
B. She was lively.
C. She was nervous.
D. She was foolish.
20. The clerk at the store may ask the customers,“ ”
A. Would you like some milk with cookies?
B. Would you like some bread with milk?
C. Would you like some batteries with the coffee?
D. Would you like some milk with cake?
Rock-paper-scissors is a game played all around the world. Ever since we were kids. we have relied on it to deal with disagreements with friends——from which channel to watch to who gets to eat the last ice Cream——all because we think the results are completely random.
But are they?
Wang Zhijian, PhD, a professor at Zhejiang University，believes that there is a regulation behind this simple game. So he gathered 360 students, divided them into
groups of six and had each group play 300 rounds of rock-paper-scissors, reported USA Today.
After the first results, Wang thought he was wrong, because players chose each of the three moves about one-third of the time, suggesting that the game is random after all. However, Wang later noticed a surprising regulation of behavior in the data. When players won a round, they usually stuck to the same choice. But when they
lost，they tended to change to a more powerful move. For example, if Player A had
just thrown down scissors to beat Player B's paper，Player A was more likely to throw down scissors again while Player B was likely to choose rock，since rock beats scissors. According to Wang, this might be a function that is called “conditional response”.
So, for the next step of his study, as he told BBC, Wang plans to do some research about how human brains make quick decisions when competing.
Now that you've learned how to predict the moves of your opponent, you’ll have an advantage next time you play rock-paper-scissors with your friends. But there is one problem：make sure they haven’t read about Wang's study, or your advantage
Also, Wang pointed out that his predictions were made depending on the results of the prior round, so when it comes to the very first round, it is always a matter of chance. This means that if you and your friends want to decide something by only one round, the study won’t be much help to you.
21. What does the underlined word “ random” in the first paragraph probably mean?
A. Equal (平等的） B. Amusing C. Unpredictable D. Strange
22. which of the following is TRUE about Wang Zhijian and his study?
A. He found a new game theory called ”conditional response”.
B. He asked 360 students to play a total of 300 rounds of rock-paper-scissors.
C. After studying the first several results, Wang discovered the pattern behind the game.
D. The study suggested that the traditional belief that rock-paper-scissors game is random is wrong.
23. According to the study, if play A has just used rock to beat Player B’s scissors, then A is more likely to choose _and B is more likely to choose _.
A. rock；paper B. rock: scissors C. scissor; rock D. paper; scissors
24. What will Wang study about rock-paper-scissors in the future, according to the article?
A. The functions related to the game that are hard-wired into our brains.
B. How human brains make quick decisions when competing in the game.
C. The psychological behind the players who always win the game.
D. How to improve players’ ability to predict opponents’ moves.
Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually only lasts between a few minutes and a few hours. This kind of loneliness is not serious. In fact, it is quite normal. For some people, though, loneliness can last for years.
Now researchers say there are three different types of loneliness. The first kind of loneliness is temporary. This is the most common type. It usually disappears quickly and does not require any special attention. The second kind, situation－for
example, family problem, the death of a loved one, or moving to a new place. Although this kind of loneliness can cause physical problems, such as headaches and sleeplessness, it usually does not last for more than a year.
The third kind of loneliness is the most severe. Unlike the second type, chronic (the opposite of “temporary”) usually lasts more than two years and has no specific
cause. People who experience habitual loneliness have problems socializing and becoming close to others. Unfortunately, many chronically lonely people think there is little or nothing they can do to improve their condition.
Psychologists agree that one important factor in loneliness is a person’s social contacts, for example, friends, family members, co－workers, etc. we depend on
various people for different reasons. For instance, our families give us emotional support, our parents and teachers give us guidance, and our friends share similar interests and activities. However, psychologists have found that, though lonely people may have many social contacts, they sometimes feel they should have more. They question their popularity.
Compared with others， chronically are usually unhappy and unable to socialize.
There is a connection between chronic loneliness and serious illness such as heart disease, wile temporary and situational loneliness can be a sad, So, psychologists are trying to find ways to help them.
25. How would you treat temporary loneliness according to the passage?
A．Talk to friends. B．Just ignore it.
C．Go to see a doctor. D．Ask your teachers for guidance.
26.“It” in the last sentence of the second paragraph refers to _.
A．temporary loneliness B．situational loneliness
C．a new place D．sleeplessness
27. Which of the following is NOT right according to the passage?
A. Most people feel lonely sometimes, but it usually goes quickly.
B. Chronic loneliness can cause physical problems, such as headaches and sleeplessness.
C. People who experience chronic loneliness have problems socializing and becoming close to others.
D. Psychologists have found that, though lonely people may not have enough social contacts, they sometime feel they should have more. 28.Which is NOT the reason that psychologists want to help chronically lonely people according to the passage?
A. Many chronically lonely people think there is little or nothing they can do to improve their condition.
B. Chronic loneliness usually lasts for a very long time .
C. Chronically lonely people are usually unhappy and unable to socialize.
D. There is a connection between chronic loneliness and serious illness such as heart disease.
29. What does the writer want to tell us?
A. There are three different types of loneliness
B. Loneliness is quite normal, we shouldn’t take them too serious.
C. Psychologists have found the way to help people who experience loneliness.
D. Psychologists have paying more attention to chronic loneliness. 30.Where can we probably read the passage?
A. Comic books B. Novel
C. Magazine D. Diary
下面文章中有 5 处（第 33-35）需添加小标题。请从 A、B、C、D、E 和 F 中 选出符合各段意思的小标题。选项中有一项是多余选项。
A. What if you win. B. Life won’t be the same without you.
C. Life isn’t crystal stair. D. There is a rainbow after every storm.
D. Focus on the future. F. To give up is to live a meaningless life
The life has been full of challenges and difficulties. Life is not about the smartest person or the strongest person, or even the richest person. However, Life is about having the mind in your heart” Never Give Up”, even when you feel that giving up is the only choice. The world is waiting on your gifts.
Your are important to this world and believe it or not, someone is waiting for you to enrich their lives. You are too important to the world to just give up.
You may feel that life is challenging you from time and you can’ it anymore. You
may want to give up right now. But here is a thought, what will happen if you overcome the difficulties?
When an Olympic runner is a race, he or she is focusing on one thing—the finishing line. You have to focus on the big picture—not just where you are right now. Focus in where you want to be. Make an agreement with your mind and your mouth.
One of my favorite poems is called” Crystal Stair” written by Langston Hughes. In that poem, a mother tells her son that life is tough, you will meet rocks and hard places, but the end is victory to those who stand their ground and rich the cough.
Whatever you are facing, you can make it through. There is a rain bow on the other side of your situation. Stay strong, stay focused and never give up.
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 25 分） 第一节完形填空（共 15 小题，每题 1 分，满分 15）
阅读下面短文，从短文后各题所给的四个选项 A、B、C、D 中，选出可以填 入空白处的最佳选项，并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Jane had two children to raise. She had to pay for the housing and 36 clothes. She had a lot of bills. She worked in a 37 every day and got $600 a week. Even when she was 38 , she went to work.
Jane worked hard and did a great job. She depended on tips (小费) to help her
get enough money to pay the bills.
One night, after Jane had served dinner to a family, 39 left a big tip on the table. It was
40 . Jane was taking care of another family at their table. When she turned back, she found the money had been 41 .
Jane saw a woman at another table staring at her when she 42 the restaurant. Jane went to ask her what food she wanted. She 43 just a sandwich. She did not leave a tip after eating and Jane heard that she paid with a $20 bill. Jane
was sure the woman had stolen her 44 , but she couldn’t prove (证明) it.
The next night, the 45 woman came into the restaurant. She gave Jane $50. She said, “I was so sorry I took your money last 46 . I had a bad day. Someone stole my wallet. So I was angry. So I took your money. 47 that was not right.
People should 48 good things. Not bad things. So I want you to take the money.” “I’ll take the $20 but you keep the 49 . I know you need it,” said Jane. “You should have called the police,” the manager said to Jane.
Jane said, “No. We should forgive (原谅) when someone says 50 and wants to make it right. We should try to help each other.”
36.A. buy B. design C. make D. wash
37.A. bookstore B. hospital C. restaurant D. school
38.A. angry B. afraid C. happy D. tired
39.A. he B. she C. we D. they
40.A. $20 B. $30 C. $40 D. $50
41.A. handed in B. taken away C. given back D. thrown out
42.A. looked at B. looked around C. looked after D. looked for
43.A. ordered B. made C. sold D. served
44.A. book B. money C . dinner D. wallet
45.A. old B . beautiful C. same D. strange
46.A. night B. week C. month D. year 47 .A. And B. But C. So D. Or
48.A. accept B. borrow C. cook D. share
49.A. money B. promises C. rest D. words
50.A. hello B. thanks C. goodbye D. Sorry
ACDDA BBABC ABDCD
第三部分 英语知识运用（共两节，满分 25 分）
第二节（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
阅读下面短文，在空白处填入适当的内容（1 个单词）或括号中单词的正确 形式。
The whole school was talking about the winter camp. And everyone was looking forward 51 it except me because I thought l would get homesick. But it was the way we grew up.
When arriving at the camp, we 52 (ask) to sk（i
滑雪）down to field by the coach.
I skied 53 (careful), but I still hit a piece of ice and fell down.
Ha! Ha!" Behind me, somebody started laughing. I looked back to see 54 was laughing at me. To my surprise, I saw 55 girl in the same embarrassing position l was in. "I thought I’d be bad at this. but it seems 56 (difficult) than I expected!”
she said suddenly, I started laughing, too. After being so afraid of 57 (fall), it was a comfort not to fear it anymore.
The next day, 58 I didn’t want to go ski jumping,1 was chosen to do that first. But when my 59 (foot)left the ground, I felt l was flying and it was wonderful.
Just do your best 60 (meet) every challenge. You'll never imagine how much you will get.
61. to 62. were asked 63. carefully 64. who 65.a
66. more difficult 67. falling 68. though/ although 69. feet 70. to meet
第四部分 写作 （共两节，满分 25 分） 第一节 单词拼写（共 10 小题，每小题 1 分，满分 10 分）
61. The word “sea” and “see” have the same p .
62. We usually celebrate the Spring Festival with our r
63. It’s very c to take a subway from Datieguan to Hangzhou East station.
64. Berlin was the capital of West G between 1949 and 1989.
65. You really r a lot of talent and hard work to succeed.
66. Li Shimin , one of the greatest r in ancient China, did a lot for the development of China.
67. Tell your father if he smokes too much , it will i the risk of lung cancer.
68. Sometimes the cheap shirts are made of m that don’t feel good.
69. As people in Hangzhou , we are p of G20.
70. Teenagers should not be allowed to get their ears p .
答案： pronunciation ; relatives ;convenient;Germany ;require ; ruler ;increase; materials; proud; pierced.