2017—2018学年第一学期初三英语上期中试卷(宜兴丁蜀学区有答案)

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2017—2018学年第一学期初三英语上期中试卷(宜兴丁蜀学区有答案)

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丁蜀学区2017-2018学年第一学期期中质量调研
初三英语
                                                          时间:2017.11
一、听力测试(本大题共20分,每小题1分)
第一部分 听对话回答问题
本部分共有10道小题,每小题你将听到一段对话,每段对话听两遍。在听每段对话前,你将有5秒钟的时间阅读题目;听完后,你还有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案。
(    ) 1. What does Peter prefer to do on Sunday?     
A            B          C

(    ) 2. What is Tom’s favourite fruit?
A           B          C

(    ) 3. How did the man go to the football match?                       
A            B        C
                   
(    ) 4. Where does Paul’s mother work?[

(    )5. Ho w often does the bus come?
   A. Every three minutes.  B. Every five minutes.   C. Every eight minutes.
(    )6. When will the two speakers meet?
   A. At 4.30 p.m.         B. At 4.45 p.m.         C. At 5.15 p.m.
(    )7. What did John do last night?
   A. He did his homework. B. He did some reading. C. He chatted with his friends on the Internet.
(    )8. How much more money does the man need to buy the book?
   A. 15 yuan.    B. 10 yuan.    C. 5 yuan.
(    )9. What does Simon want to get?
   A. Some water and food.  B. Some clothes.   C. Some medicine.
(    )10. Where will Linda go on Saturday?
   A. To the party.           B. To the art exhibition. 
C. To the museum.
第二部分 听对话和短文答题
你将听到一段对话和两篇短文,各听两遍。听每段对话或短文前,你将有时间阅读相关小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,每小题你仍有5秒钟的时间选择你认为最合适的备选答案。
听一段对话,回答第11至12小题。
(    )11. What’s the woman’s problem?
   A. she feels nervous about the test.            B. She doesn’t work hard.
C. She has never taken any test.
(    )12. What is the man’s suggestion for getting good results in exams?
   A. Talking with others.    B. Often taking tests.    C. Always working hard.
听第一篇短文,回答第13至15小题。请根据短文内容,选择正确答案,完成信息记录表。
A story about a lucky girl
What?  Last year, she    13    and got hurt.
Who?     14    wrote a letter to the charity.
How?  She will help people in need by    15   .
(    )13.  A. fell off her bike       B. was hit by a car       C. slipped over
(    )14.  A. Her teacher        B. She herself     C. Her parents
(    )15.  A. donating money    B. performing operations C. doing voluntary work
听第二篇短文,回答第16至20小题。
(    )16. Which floor are the two rooms on?
A. The 2nd              B. The 4th                C. The 5th
(    )17. What’s near the hotel?
A. The mountain.         B. The beach.              C. The park.
(    )18. How much does Peter have to pay for his rooms for a night?
A. $ 200                B. $ 400                  C. $ 600
(    )19. Which meal doesn’t Peter have to pay for?
A. Breakfast.             B. Lunch.                 C. Supper
(    )20. When can Peter arrive at this hotel?
A. Today                B. Not decided.             C. On August 10.


二、单项填空  在A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
(本大题共14小题,每小题1分,共14分)
21. I know this plan is not perfect enough, but I just can’t think of _______one.
   A. the better       B. a better       C. a best        D. the best
22. Simon is __________ about his drawing competition because he is well prepared.
   A. modest        B. curious         C. confident        D. honest
23. The dictionary is ________ to my translation, but that one is ________.
  A. great help; helpless       B. a great help; of no help  
C. important; of few importance      D. very helpful; of no use
24.  —Can you understand what I meant?
—Sorry, I can ________ follow you.
A. hardly            B. nearly             C. always            D. almost
25.  I 'm not sure           you look good in red or not.
    A. and               B. but               C. whether           D. if
26.  — Peter believes the present his sister got is much more wonderful than his, ________?
   — The grass is always greener on the other side.
 A. didn’t she    B. isn’t it       C. didn’t it    D. doesn’t he
27.  Before the local government ___________ him, he stayed in a primary school for 10 years.
A. got away from      B. took notice of      C. tried out for         D. cheered up
28. — Hey, Jim. What do think of the new clothes for the anniversary of our school(校庆)?
— I _________ the colour. But I ___________ not accept the old-fashioned style.
 A. would rather, prefer  B. prefer, prefer C. would rather, would rather D. prefer, would rather
29.  — Could you tell me ________?
— “Rome was not built in a day.” You should try to give it enough chances to become strong.
A. what I can do to have a good memory  B. how I can do to have a good memory
C. why I should have a good memory   D. how can I have a good memory
30. The thing I want to know is not whether you fail or not, ____ whether you try your best or not.
   A. but         B. and         C. so         D. because
31. We just need one of you for the match. _______you _______your brother can join us.
  A. Both; and        B. Neither; nor         C. Either; or         D. Not only; but also
32. You can’t imagine what great difficulty I had ________myself understood at the very beginning because of my poor English during my stay in the UK.
A. made          B. making         C. to make      D. to making
33. You won’t find anything unusual about my father        you learn more.
  A. until           B. whenever         C. as soon as          D. when
34.  — Jack, I’d like to have your opinions about my report.
    — ________. But I have one suggestion.
  A. I agree with you  B. That ’ s a good idea C. It looks fine to me   D. Check it first
三、完形填空 先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。(本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
How would you use a radio or a telephone if you had no electricity or batteries(电池)? These  35 bothered(使烦恼) British inventor Trevor Baylis. So in 1996 he  36  a wind-up(装有发条的)radio. It doesn't need electricity or batteries. You wind it up  37  hand. It plays for about an hour. Then, you wind it up  38 .Today it's made in South Africa.
Then in 1999, Baylis invented a mobile telephone that is powered by  39 .The shoes contain (含有)a small battery that is powered when you  40  . This battery is connected to a mobile phone. These two simple inventions can bring modern  41  to all parts of the world.
Baylis doesn't have a university degree in engineering. In     42  ,he  left  high  school before graduating(毕业).He just loves  43  things to help people. He never knows  44  ideas will come to him. The idea for the telephone came to him in a dream.
35.A. dreams           B. problems       C. wonders        D. wishes
36. A. invented         B. improved       C. borrowed       D. copied
37. A. in               B. at             C. on             D. by
38. A. then             B. slowly         C. again           D. finally
39. A. sun             B. shoes           C. caps           D. wind
40. A. sleep            B. walk           C. rest            D. chat
41. A. communications   B. exhibitions      C. suggestions      D. instructions
42. A. fact             B. order            C. need           D. time
43. A. buying           B. selling          C. making         D.  collecting
44.A.while         B. because        C. unless          D. when

四、阅读理解 阅读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在每小题所给的四个选项中选出最佳选项。(本大题共13小题,每小题2分,共26分)
A
A group of reporters asked a group of 4-to-8-year-old children this question, “What does love mean?” The answers were surprising. The children would answer like they did below.
Rebecca --- age 8     “When my grandmother hurt her knees , she couldn’t bend (弯腰) over and paint her toenails (脚趾甲) any more. So my grandfather would do it for her all the time, even when his hands hurt, too. That’s love.”
Samantha --- age 6   “Love is when someone hurts you, and you get so mad but you don’t shout at her because you know it would hurt her feelings.”
Terry --- age 4    “Love is what makes you smile when you’re tired.”
Bethany --- age 4    “I let my big sister pick on (捉弄) me because my Mum says she only picks on me because she loves me. So I pick on my baby sister because I love her.”
Lauren --- age 4    “I know my elder sister loves me because she gives me all her old clothes and has to go out and buy new clothes.”
Elaine --- age 5    “Love is when Mummy gives Daddy the best piece of chicken.”
Clear --- age 5    “My Mummy loves me more than anybody. You don’t see anyone else kissing me to sleep at night.”
Jessica --- age 8    “You really shouldn’t say ‘I love you’ unless you mean it. But if you mean it, you should say it a lot. People forget.”
45. Which of the following is NOT true according to the passage?
A. Rebecca’s grandmother ever couldn’t bend over.
B. Bethany wants to be picked on by any other person.
C. If Samantha becomes angry, she will not shout at others.
D. Lauren prefers to wear her sister’s old clothes.
46. What does Jessica mean about love?
A. Too much love is no love.       B. You should say love more often.
C. You me an what you think.       D. Say love more often if you have it.
47. What is love according to Terry?
A. Love is the care between husband and wife.      B. Love is a rest when you are tired.
C. Love is what cheers you up when you are tired.   D. Love is a kiss from parents.

B
A group of swans flew down to a beach where a crow (乌鸦) was jumping around. The crow watched them with disdain (轻蔑).
“You have no flying skills at all!” he said to the swans. “All you can do is to move your wings. Can you turn over in the air? No, I don’t think you can do it! Let’s have a flying competition. I’ll show you what real flying is!”
One of th e swans, a strong young male, took up the challenge. The crow flew up and began to show his skills. He flew in circles, performed other flying tricks, and then came down and looked proudly at the swan.
Now it was the swan’s turn. He flew up, and began flying over the sea. The crow flew after him, making all kinds of comments (评价) about his flying. They flew on and on till they couldn’t see the land and there was nothing but water on all sides. The crow was making fewer and fewer comments. He was now so tired that he found it hard to stay in the air, and had to struggle(挣扎) to keep himself from falling into the water.
The swan pretended (假装) not to notice, and said, “Why do you keep touching the water, brother? Is that another trick? “
“No,” said the crow. He knew he had lost the competition. “I’m in trouble because of my pride (自大) ! If you don’t help me, I’ll lose my life...”
The swan took pity on him, and took him on his shoulders and flew back to the beach.
48. What’s the correct order of the following events?
a. The crow followed the swan and got into trouble.
  b. The swan felt pity for the crow and saved it.
c. The crow had to ask the swan for help.
d. The swan accepted a challenge of performing flying tricks.
A. a, d, b, c         B. a, b, d, c        C. d, a, c, b          D. d, c, a, b
49. We can infer(推测) from the passage that _________
    A. The crow didn’t know flying.            B. Flying ski lls were useless.
    C. The swan saved the crow because they were good friends.
    D. The swan was better at long-distance (长距离的) flying than the crow.
50. What do we learn from the passage?
A. Practice makes perfect.                  B. The early bird catches the worm.
C. No pains, no gains.                      D. Pride goes before a fall.

 C
 Stonehenge, a rock circle, is not only one of Britain’s most famous places but also one of its greatest mysteries(谜). Every year it receives more than 750,000 visitors. People like to go to this place especially in June as they want to see the sun rising on the longest day of the year.
 For many years, historians(历史学家) believed Stonehenge was a temple where ancient leaders tried to communicate with the gods. However, historian Paul Stoker thinks this can’t be true because Stonehenge was built so many centuries ago. “The leaders arrived in England much later,” he points out.
 Another popular idea is that Stonehenge might be a kind of calendar. The large stones were put together in a certain way. On midsummer’s morning, the sun shines directly into the center of the stones. Other people believe the stones have a medical purpose. They think the stones can prevent illness and keep people healthy. “As you walk there, you can feel the energy from your feet move up your body,” said one  visitor. No one is sure what Stonehenge was used for, but most agree that the position of the stones must be for a special purpose. Some think it might be a burial(埋葬) place or a place to remember ancestors(祖先). Others think it was built to celebrate a victory over an enemy.
 Stonehenge was built slowly over a long period of time. Most historians believe it must be almost 5,000 years old. One of the greatest mysteries is how it was built because the stones are so big and heavy. In 2001, a group of English volunteers tried to build another Stonehenge, but they couldn’t. “We don’t really know who built Stonehenge,” says Paul Stoker. “And perhaps we might never know, but we do know they must have been hard-working — and great planners!”
51. What do most people think was Stonehenge built for?
A. Ancient leaders built it a temple to communicate with the gods.
B. It might be a kind of calendar to tell people the summertime.
C. It can prevent illness and make people feel energetic.
D. It must be for a special purpose because of the position of the stones.
52. What aren’t people interested in about Stonehenge?
A. Where it was built.  B. Who built it.   C. When it was built. D. Why it was built.
53. What does Paul Stoker mean by “we do know they must have been hard-working — and
great planners”?
A. He has known who built Stonehenge.     B. He thinks Stonehenge is really a great mystery.
C. He believes he will find out who built Stonehenge.
D. He encourages volunteers to build another Stonehenge.

 (D)
One day, I took an underground to work, I saw something that made me very sad. On the tube( underground in London), a mother kept looking at her phone screen and playing a game with her daughter sitting beside her. The little girl, about 5 years old, was talking to her mother about her day, repeating the next stop's name cheerfully, praising her mother's long nails--trying to catch her mother's attention. Her mother just nodded and answered "Mm, hm" with her eyes glued to the screen, busy passing the levels of the game. I watched the girl give a final try to at least get her mum to look at her, but it was no use. Then the little girl turned silent. It was a shame the mother didn't notice that.
It broke my heart and got me wondering--what kind of game would make the mother forget she has the most beautiful thing in the world, the human she created, the person she loves with all her heart? What it meant when she couldn't look into her daughter's eyes and even stop to listen to the girl?
Some parents are almost like the teenagers, always on their phones with mindless games or going through Facebook. Perhaps parents have many things to deal with, but sometimes they are everything to their kids.
This is not a isolated example. I've seen too many such examples. I might not be a parent myself, and probably still have a long way before becoming one, but I know what I saw isn't right.
The scene used to be seen among teenagers very often when parents complained(抱怨) how their children were crazy about their mobile phones. Look how the situation has changed! The parents have become "technology slaves"(奴隶), that is to say, they can't control themselves while using mobile phones.  Now some middle-aged parents hold the best iPhones or Samsung phones, which are probably the only two brands they know. They are playing the simple games with so expensive mobile phones. I'm uncertain whether to laugh or to cry. But my hope is that this storm passes.
54 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
   A. The girl failed to catch her mother's attention.
   B. The mother felt sorry after her daughter turned silent.
   C. The writer has much experience about being a parent.
   D. Middle-aged parents know many brands of mobile phones.

55. The underlined word "isolated" in Paragraph 4 means____________ .
   A. spreading fast   B. happening once   C. increasing quickly    D. appearing suddenly
56. In the passage, the writer mainly wants to express_____________ .
   A. the worries that children are crazy about mobile phones
   B. the happiness that parents are now able to use modern technology
   C. the sadness that the best smart phones cost parents too much money
   D. the hope that parents use new technology like smart phones properly
57. What's the best title of the passage?
A. Middle-aged parents         B. A scene on the tube
C. Technology slaves           D. Mindless phone games

五、词汇运用(本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
(A) 根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡上标有题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。
1. Don’t worry. Your mother will _____________ (必定地) come and pick you up.
2. Why don’t we hold a party to celebrate the _____________ (胜利) of our school baseball team?
3. It’s a new word to him. So he needs to look up the right _____________ (发音) of it first.
4. The news which kept ________(影响) him a lot was from a little girl.
 (B) 根据句意,在答题卡上标有题号的横线上,写出括号内所给单词的适当形式。
5. He was rudely refused by the company ____________ (simple) because of his ugly appearance.  
6. Yesterday’s terrible car accident was caused by the driver’s _________(careless). Two people were killed in it.
7. After playing computer games all night, Jim couldn’t stay _____________ (wake) the next day.
8.There is no other            (choose), and you have to wait until the bus comes.

六、动词填空  用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空。(共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
1             1. --Hi, , Sandy. Has your cousin left college?
                --Yes. She __________(study) in Tongji University for four years.
2. Every time such a foolish mistake ____________ (make), his father will get very angry.
3. Excuse me, haven’t you be en told _____________(not park) the car on the zebra crossing?
4. . --What’s the noise upstairs?
   --My new neighbours have just moved here and maybe they _______(have) a party.
5. It’s believed that pollution ________ (remain) one of the biggest problems for Chinese government.
6. Tom wants to study at a university in Canada, but ________(not decide) which one to go to yet.
7. --Grandpa has changed a lot recently.
   --So he has. He spends much more time than he used to ______(play) games with the children.
8.. --Why didn’t you answer my phone?
   --I ________(listen) to the music with the earphones at that moment and didn’t hear the ring.
七、完成句子  按所给的汉语用英语完成下列句子。(共6小题,每小题1.5分,共9分)
1. 由于赶着去救火,Joe和我当时都没有为自己的生命安全而担忧。
   ________________________at that time as we were hurrying to put out the fire.
2. 这些短信很无聊,很不值得回复。
  These short messages are so boring that they_________________________________.
3. 关注细节使你更易于取得成功
                                                 easier for you to have success.
4. 当他20几岁时,他请人出版了他的第一部小说。
  When he                          ,he had his first novel published.
5. 姚明小时候比他同龄的孩子要高得多。
  Yao Ming was____________________________________________ when he was young.
6. 人生价值并不取决于你是谁,而是你做什么。
  The value of life do es not                                        , but what you do.
八、阅读填空 先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最恰当的单词,每个空格只能填一个单词。(本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
Have you ever asked your relatives or friends if there is Wi-Fi in their houses? Have you ever searched for Wi-Fi when you are at restaurants or hotels? The answers will probably be "Yes". Most of us want Wi-Fi everywhere as if we can't live without it. But we can only use free Wi-Fi in some public places. We still have to spend some money accessing(连接)the Internet at most time. Here comes a piece of good news.
A rich, powerful organization in the USA called the Media Development Investment Fund (MDIF) has decided to change the age of online computing (计算) completely by giving free Wi-Fi to every person on Earth. They will send up hundreds of satellites into low Earth orbit(轨道)in 2015.
This is because they have made a survey and found that only 60% of the world's population have been able to get information on the Internet. And this is also because many countries are unable to offer people the necessary infrastructure(基础设施)to access the web.
We can expect to use free Wi-Fi everywhere in the near future.
阅读以上信息,用恰当的词完成下面的表格,每空一词。

Present situation ●Many of us want Wi-Fi everywhere as if we can't live without it.
●Accessing the Internet    1   us some money.
What the organization will do ●MDIF has made a ___2____ to send up hundreds of satellites into low Earth orbit in 2015 so that for every person on Earth, there will be free Wi-Fi available .

    3   ●Only 60% of the world's population have been able to get information on the Internet.
●Many countries can't  4  people with the necessary infrastructure to access the web.
What we can expect ●Free Wi-Fi will  5   the world in the near future.
九、书面表达(本大题共10分)
假如你是Samuel的班主任刘老师,他给你写了封信,在信中向你倾诉了学习上的烦恼。请你用英文给他回一封信,谈谈怎样处理学习压力大的事情。内容要点如下:
1. 感谢你告诉我你的问题,许多像你这样年龄的学生都有这个问题;
2. 你对你的学习不满意,不时地感到压力很大,不知道如何处理;
3. 不要把烦恼埋在心底,试着与朋友或家人诉说并聆听他们的意见;
4. 你还可以在空闲时间通过听音乐或看书使自己放松下来;
5. 我希望……
注意事项:
1. 英文信须包括所给内容要点,要求语句通顺、意思连贯;
2. 第5要点的内容须围绕主题,用2-3句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥;
3. 词数在90个左右,英文信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Samuel,
                                                                               
                                                                                    
                                                                                      
                                                                   Best wishes,
 Mr Liu
 

丁蜀学区2017-2018学年第一学期期中质量调研
初三英语答案
一、听力测试 (本大题共20小题,每小题各1分,共20分)
1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10
A B C B C B B C A C
11 12 13 14 15 16 17 18 19 20
A C A B C B B B A C

二、单项选择  (本大题共14小题,每小题1分,共14分)
21 22 23 24 25 26 27 28 29 30 31 32 33 34
B C D A C D B D A A C B A A

三、完形填空  (本大题共10小题,每小题1分,共10分)
35 36 37 38 39 40 41 42 43 44
B A D C B B A A C D

四、阅读理解  (本大题共13小题,每小题2分,共26分)
45 46 47 48 49 50 51 52 53 54 55 56 57
B D C C D D D A B A B D C

五、词汇运用 (本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
1. ___certainly__ 2. __victory   3. __pronunciation__ 4. __influencing__ 
5. ___simply___ 6. __carelessness__  7. _awake_____ 8. __choice___

六、动词填空 (本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
1. _studied_    2. _is made__    3. _not to park___  4. _are having__ 
5. _remains__  6. _hasn’t decided_  7. _playing_      8. _was listening_ 

七、完成句子 按所给的汉语用英语完成下列句子。(共6小题,每小题1.5分,共9分)
1. _Neither Joe nor I was in fear of our lives at that time as we were hurrying to put out the fire.
2. These short messages are so boring that they_aren’t well worth replying to_.
3. Paying attention to details makes it  easier for you to have success.
4. When he  was in his twentieth ,he had his first novel published.
5. Yao Ming was _much taller than the children of his age_ when he was young.
6.The value of life does not  depend on who you are , but what you do.

八、任务型阅读  (本大题共5空,每空1分,共5分)

1. ___costs___  2. _decisions____  3. _reasons/causes__  4. _provide___  5. _cover___

九、书面表达(本大题共10分)
假如你是Samuel的班主任刘老师,他给你写了封信,在信中向你倾诉了学习上的烦恼。请你用英文给他回一封信,谈谈怎样处理学习压力大的事情。内容要点如下:
6. 感谢你告诉我你的问题,许多像你这样年龄的学生都有这个问题;
7. 你对你的学习不满意,不时地感到压力很大,不知道如何处理;
8. 不要把烦恼埋在心底,试着与朋友或家人诉说并聆听他们的意见;
9. 你还可以在空闲时间通过听音乐或看书使自己放松下来;
10. 我希望……
注意事项:
4. 英文信须包括所给内容要点,要求语句通顺、意思连贯;
5. 第5要点的内容须围绕主题,用2-3句话展开合理想象,作适当发挥;
6. 词数在90个左右,英文信的开头和结尾已给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Samuel,
             略                                                                            
                    

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