2018中考英语一模试卷(盐城市射阳县附答案)

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2018中考英语一模试卷(盐城市射阳县附答案)

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2018年春学期九年级摸底考试
英语
一、单项选择。(本题共15小题;每题1分,计15分)
 (   )1.-What does your new teacher look like?
 -She is a pretty lady _long hair.
A. at B. for C. with D. of
(   )2         the teachers in their school is about 200 and one fourth of them are         teachers.
A. A number of, women B. A number of, woman
C. The number of, woman D. The number of, women
(     )3 -Look,_       is dancing under the tree.
-Oh, that's my cousin, Anna.
A.  everybody B. somebody C. anybody D. nobody
(    )4 We have friends to help us fight against pollution, and trees are one of_  .
A. themselves B. they C. their D. them
(    )5.Tom,a_ boy, can speak English quite well. He wants to learn    language next term.
A. twelve一year一old, a second B. twelve一years一old, second
C. twelve一years一old, a second D. twelve year old, the second
(    )6 -Why did you vote for Muggie?
-Because she is very     _.she always shares things with others.
A. practical B. active C. generous D. energetic
(    )7 Love will          last if we love the whole fine things around us.
A. seldom B. always C. never D. sometimes
(    )8 I really enjoyed your speech,_       there were some parts I didn't quite understand.
A. though B. because C. for D. until
(    )9. When you are swimming,_        your ears. You can use earplugs to stop water getting into your ears.
A. take after B. take part in C. take off D. take care of
(    )10.We        pay to get into the concert. It's free.
A. can't B. mustn't C. might not D. don't have to
(    )11.--I can't find Ted for three days. Where is he?
-He           Beijing for a meeting.
A. has been to B. has gone to C. have been to D. have gone to
()12. -I feel very happy that I     to be the host.
-Congratulations!
A. choose B. am chosen C. was chosen D. have chosen
(    )13.     by the beauty of nature, the girl from London decided to stay another two days in the farm.
A. Attracting B. Attracted C. To be attracted D. Having attracted
(    )14 I have some tickets for the basketball match. I wonder
A. Where you buy the tickets B. why you like to go there
C. If you'd like to come along D. when you watch the match
(    )15.-Hi, Paul. Long time no see.           ?
-I've just bought a new car. It's great!
A. What's new B. What's wrong C. How are you D. What about you

二、完形填空(本题共15小题;每题1分,计15分)
It's never easy to admit(承认)you are wrong. We all  16   to know the art of apology. Think how often you've done wrong. Then count how many 17  you've expressed clearly you were  18  . You can't go to bed with an easy mind if you do 19  about it.
A doctor, Mr Lied, told me about a man who came to him with different kinds of signs: headache, heart 20 and insomnia(失眠).21 some careful exams, Mr Lied found nothing    22   with him and said, "If you don't tell me what  23  you, I can't help you."
The man admitted he was cheating his brother of his inheritance(遗产).Then the  24  doctor  25   the man write to his brother and   26   his money. As soon as the   27   was put into the post box, the man suddenly cried."Thank you, "he said to the doctor."I think I've got  28  ."
An apology can not only save a broken relationship but also make it  29   . If you can think of someone who should be  30  an apology from you, do something about it right now.
(    )16.A. decide B. have C. need D. try
(    )17.A. mistakes B. people C. ways D. times
(    )18.A. sorry B. weak C. sad D. wrong
(    )19.A. something B. anything C. nothing D. everything
(    )20.A. trouble B. matter C. illness D. question
(    )21 .A. Before B. After C. Till D. Since
(    )22. A. well B. wrong C. good D. bad
(    )23 .A. hurts B. changes C. touches D. worries
(    )24. A. clever B. silly C. good D. kind
(    )25 .A. made B. helped C. saw D. let
(    )26. A. return B. give C. keep D. pay
(    )27 .A. paper B. box C. money D. letter
(    )28 .A. better B. well C. sick D. worse
(    )29.A. never B. worse C. stronger D. harder
(    )30.A. given B. received C. known D. forgotten


三、阅读理解
A.阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中选出最佳答案,(本题共15小题;每题2分,计30分)

 

SAFETY RULES ON THE MTR TRAINS
 
At the station:
 Be patient. Line up on the platform(站台)and wait for the train.
 Be polite. Let passengers get off first.
 Do not rush onto the train. It is dangerous.
 When you hear a "beep" sound, do not get on the train. The door is closing. Wait for another train.
On the train:
 Do not eat or drink on the train. It makes the train dirty.
 Do not run on the train.
 Give up your seat to old men or women, the disabled or women carrying babies.
(    )31.The text is mainly about how to_           .
A. be a careful driver B. buy MTR tickets
C. be a good passenger D. keep safe at home
(    )32. People who will get on the train should_           .
A. wait in line B. open the door C. ask for help D. leave the seats
(    )33 .When you hear a "beep" sound, _           .
A. close the door           B. rush onto the train
C. get off the train at once D. stop and wait for the next train
(    )34. Which picture shows the good behaviour on the train according to the text?
(    )35.The text is probably a _           .
A .report B. notice  C. diary  D. poem
 
(B)
Do you want to live a happier, less stressful(有压力的)life? Try laughing for no reason at all. That's how thousands of people start their day at Laughter Clubs around the world-and many doctors now think that having a good laugh might be one of the best ways to stay healthy.
The first Laughter Club was started in Mumbai, India, in 1995 by Dr Madan Kataria."Young children laugh about 300 times a day. Adults laugh between 7 and 15 times a day, "says Dr Kataria. "Everyone's naturally good at laughing-It' s the universal language. We want people to feel happy with their lives."There are now more than 500 Laughter Clubs in India and over 1300 worldwide.
Many doctors are also interested in the effects of laughter on our health. According to a 5-year study at the UCLS School of Medicine in California, with laughing there is less stress in the body. Laughter improves our health against illness by about 40%.
So, what happens at a Laughter Club? I went along to my nearest illness club in south London to find out. I was quite nervous at the beginning of the class, to be honest-I wasn't interested in laughing with a group of strangers, nd I was worried about looking stupid. Our laughter teacher told us to clap our hands and say" ho ho ho, ha ha ha, "while looking at each other. However, our bodies can't tell the difference between fake laughter and real laughter, so they still produce the same healthy effects.
Surprisingly, it works! After ten minutes, everybody in the room was laughing for real-and some people just couldn't stop! At the end of the class, I was surprised by how relaxed and comfortable I felt.
So if you're under stress, then start laughing. You might be very pleased with the results!
 (    )36. In which country was the first Laughter Club started?
A. Britain. B. America. C. Australia. D. India
(    )37 .How did the writer feel at the beginning of the class?
A. Surprised. B. Pleased. C. Nervous. D. Stressful.
(    )38.When did the people in the club begin to laugh for real?
A. After a few minutes. B. After a few hours.
C. After a few seconds. D. After a few days.
(    )39 What does the underlined word mean in Chinese?
A.影响B.效果C.力量D.价值
(    )40 Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
A. Fake laughter and real laughter are both good for health.
B. 40% of the people in Laughter Clubs are good friends.
C. Adults laugh more often than children in a day.
D. Laughing is the best way to prevent illness.
(C)
Are you ready to take action to protect Planet Earth? You may think it impossible, but you can begin by taking some small, but important, first steps. Many children and their classes in the USA are taking action.
Children Campaingn Against Waste
Children are paying attention to the packaging(包装)of the things they buy. Packaging includes all the things you throw away when you unwrap anything new. One third of all rubbish is packaging. Mrs Perez's 4th grade class decides to make their school and neighbourhood know the waste in packaging.  They want people to think before they buy. They also want to let people who make the products know that they want less waste in packaging. So they start a campaign to help people change how they shop.
Class Project: Campaign Against Waste
*Find out the facts. Use the websites to find out how much waste comes from packaging.
*Go on a trip to the shops. Take notes about how products, such as CDs, are packaged. Report on how much will be thrown away.
*Say no to bags. If we don't need one, we don't use one.
*Make posters to tell others what they can do.
*Talk to our families and friends about what we learn.
*Write class letters to the people who produce our favourite products. Ask them to reduce packaging.
Children Save Water
Another class decides to help save water. Here's how they get started.
Miguel Salazar lives in Meridian, Texas. Every day he walks home from school and passes Carrollton Creek(小溪).The creek is filled with rubbish. But the creek is not always this way. Miguel's grandfather remembers flowers and plants grew along it and many people fished there in the past. So Miguel's class decides to clean up the creek. They make a plan.
Class Project: Creek Clean Up
* Write a letter to the mayor(市长)asking her to let us have a clean-up day at Carrollton Creek. Ask her for garbage cans to keep rubbish.
*Make posters inviting others to help.
*Ask parents to come along and help on Clean-Up Day.
*Choose a day for the big Clean-Up!
If one person can make a difference, think how much more can get done if people work together to care for Planet Earth.
(    )41 .The children in Mrs Perez's class start the campaign against_      .
A. water B. waste C. shopping D. fishing
(    )42. Miguel's class project is to_      .
A. stop packaging B. go on a trip
C. clean up Carrollton Creek D. talk to families and friends
(    )43.The underlined phrase" garbage cans" means"_      "in Chinese.
A.批准B.捐款C.赞助商D.垃圾桶
 (     )44. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. There were flowers and plants along the creek.
B. One third of all rubbish is packaging.
C. Children use posters and letters to help with their work.
D. Mrs Perez's class wants to choose a day for not using bags.
(    )45 .What's the main idea of the passage?
A. Children can use the websites to find out the facts.
B. People liked to fish along Carrollton Creek in the past.
C. Everyone can do something small to help save Planet Earth.
D. The mayor in Meridien can help the children with their project.
第II卷(非选择题,共60分)
B.任务型阅读(本题共10小题;每题1分,计10分)
Many people find good friends but they fail to continue with their friendship, because they do not know their role as a friend. Let us see some important points that we should take care of if we wish to be a good friend for someone.
Be a secret admirer of your friend: If your friend is good at something, then do not praise him just in front of him. Praising(表扬)a person for what he is good at does not improve his qualities. It surely will do harm to your friend. A good friend should never miss an opportunity to praise his friend in front of others when he is not around.
Pull your friend away from making mistakes: If your friend is doing something wrong, It is your duty to let him know it at earliest. Keep in mind: A best friend has to play a role of critic(批评家)if he wants his friend to stop doing wrong things. But keep in mind not to show your friend's mistakes in front of other people. It will spoil your friend's image in others' view. And additionally your friendship will be in danger. Sometimes it is important to understand your friend's intentions behind his actions and try to analyze(分析)the situation, then only you should give your opinion.
Try to understand your friend: It is always important to understand what your friend is worried about or what problem he is facing. Always try to understand the situation your friend is in and try to calm him. It is obvious that if people have some problems, they will not speak up their problems to their brothers or sisters, they will instead tell everything to their friends. Let your friend speak up, just listen to him until your friend feels better.
Try to teach good things: if you are a true friend, you should never give your hungry friend a fish, instead, you should teach him how to fish. This will give your friend food for lifetime. A good friend will never wish his friend to be dependent on someone.     Do not interfere(妨碍):The most important point that one should take care of is that your friend has his own life and you should not interfere in his life. You have a right to tell your friend what is good and what is bad, but you do not have a right to make someone do what you wish.
Hope this will help you solve out some of your problems you are facing in friendship.
Advice on 46     
Key points Know your    47   as a friend
 Detailed approaches(途径)
Be a secret admirer of your friend If you praise your friend when he is around ,it surely will be  48   to him.
Pull your friend away
from making  49   When finding your friend is doing something wrong, you'd better let him know it earlier but not in front of   50 
Try to understand your friend When your friend has something to 51 about or has problems,let him speak up and listen to him. Try to understand him and keep him 52  ・
Try to teach something  53  Teach your friend the 54  to solve problems. Try to let him be
independent.
Do not interfere Your friend has his own life,so don't interfere in his life. Never 55  him do what you wish.


C.阅读与回答问题(本题共5小题;每题2分,计10分)
In the early 1990s,China dreamt to build its space
 exploration station so that it can be one of the
space powers in the world. According to the China
National Space Administration(中国航天局),China' s
 Space Program is made up of three steps. 
 

The first step is sending up a manned spacecraft. It will carry out all kinds
of space experiments. The Shenzhou-5 and Shenzhou-6 have completed this task. Sending up a space laboratory marks the second step of the program. One of the most important tasks during this step is docking(对接)of a manned spacecraft and space lab.
Shenzhou-7 was the third human space flight, which included the first Chinese extravehicular(舱外)activity. It is a milestone(里程碑)during this project. The building of the Tiangong-1 Space Lab, together with Shenzhou-8 to 10 Spacecraft, is expected to complete the rest of the second step tasks, which prepares for China's final goal of building a space station. It is part of Step 3.
After about two years, Tiangong-1 returned to earth in 2013.Tiangong-2 was launched in 2016. It can do many experiments. And then, the Tiangong-3 space station will have astronauts living inside and can develop new types of vegetables and fruits or produce new materials in space. Cargo shuttles(货运飞机)will carry food, space suits and other necessary things into space. To our excitement, the first cargo shuttle named Tianzhou-1 will be sent into space. To our excitement, the first cargo shuttle named Tianzhou-1 will be sent into space late this month.
The goal of having a space exploration station is to be realized by 2020. Then China will be the first country to build its space exploration station on its own. All Chinese look forward to seeing the day.
56. Who plans the China's Space Program?(no more than 5 words)


57.How many steps does the China's Space Program experience?(no more than 2 words)


58.What is one of the most important tasks in the second step of China's Space Program?


59. How can the necessary things be sent into space?(no more than 3 words)


60. Why does China want to build space exploration station?


四、词汇(本题共20小题;每题1分,计20分)
A.根据句意和汉语提示写出单词,完成句子。
61. These kinds of plants           (生长)in the northern part of our country.
62. He is the chief          (工程师)of the high-speed railway connecting Moonlight Town in Nanjing.
63. Sometimes to take the          (领先地位)is easy, but to keep it is hard.
64. When Mr Jiang got up in the morning, his suit was ironed           (平整地)by the robot.
65. Tom, look at the sign! We' re not          (允许)to park our car here.

B.根据句意用所给单词的适当形式填空
66. The more you read, the          (wealth) you'11 feel in spirit.
67 .As a guide, I must pay attention to all the        (tour) safety during their trip.
68.Animals are our friends, and we can live          (peace)together.
69. Helping others is helping          (we),so we should try our best to help those in need.
70. People who are in their          (thirty) care more about their career than their own life.
C.根据短文内容及首字母提示,填写所缺单词,使短文意思完整。
A man walked into a doctor's examining room."Put out your tongue."the doctor s  71  .
"OK. There is nothing s   72   ,"the doctor said."It's clear what's wrong with you. You need more exercise.""But, doctor,"the man said."I don't think..."
"Don't tell me what you think." the doctor said."I am the doctor, not you. I know what you need. I see hundreds of people like you. N  73   of them get any exercise.     
They sit in the office all day and in f  74   of the television in the evening. What you need is to walk quickly at l  75   twenty minutes a day."
   “Doctor ,you don’t understand.” The man said. “I…”
   “There is no e  76   ,”the doctor said. “You must find time for exercise. If you don’t, you will get fat and have health problems when you are old.”
“But I walk every day.” The man said .
“Oh ,yes, and I know that kind of walking that is. You walk a few meters to the office from your house, and a few more meters to a r  77   for lunch and back.”
“Please listen to me , doctor!” the man s   78   at the doctor angrily. “I’m a mailman. “ the man w 79   on,” I walk for seven hours every day.”
For a moment the doctor was silent,then he said quietly,”Put your tongue a  80  ,will you?”
 
71 .      72.       73.      74.       75.     
76.       77.      78.      79.       80.     
五、书面表达(计20分)
假如你校将举行以“中学生自我保护”为主题的英语征文活动,请根据所给提示写一篇题为 How to protect ourselves的短文。
 

注意事项:1.词数100词左右。(文章开头已给出,不计入总词数)。
2.文中不得出现真实姓名、校名等信息。
3.文章必须包含所提供的主要信息,并作适当发挥。
How to protect ourselves
It's important for us students to know                             
                                        

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