2018届中考英语一模试卷(含答案江阴澄江镇要塞镇)

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2018届中考英语一模试卷(含答案江阴澄江镇要塞镇)

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江苏省江阴市澄江镇、要塞镇2019届九年级英语下学期模拟试题
第I卷 选择题(共50分)
一、单项选择: 在A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上讲该项涂黑。(本大题共14小题,每小题1分,共14分)
1. I went to Sanya with my parents last month. Travelling by_______ship is quite_______exciting     experience.
  A. the; an          B. /; an     C. /; the          D. a; an
2. It is _________ difficult question that _______ students can answer it.
A. such, a few       B. so. few            C, such a , few        D, such a , a few
3.        birds use their feathers for flight, some of their feathers are for other purposes.
  A. Once            B. If               C. Although            D. Because
4. The chair is broken. I think it requires _________.
A. repairing         B. to repair          C. to be repaired        D. A&C
5. ―Who's that man in our classroom? It        be Mr. Brown. He is much taller Mr Brown.
  ―You mean the man in white? He is an exchange student from England.
  A. can             B. may             C. can't               D. mustn't
6. ―What did the teacher say to you just now?
  ― He asked me __________________.
A. how could I work it out                B. why I am late for school
C. how long she has bought the computer    D. how long she had had the computer
7. Walking exercise may be boring _________, but early on a clear sunny morning can be nothing finer.
A. in time           B. at times         C. on time             D. some time
8. ―I really can't believe such a learned man has made so silly a mistake.
  ―Don't you know ____________ sense is worth more  than knowledge?
A. general           B. unusual         C. special             D. common
9. Please make my excuse at tomorrow’s meeting--- I’ve got too much work _____.
A. to do to come       B. doing coming    C. to do coming       D. doing to come
10. ―You haven’t been to Beijing, have you?
   ― _____. And how I wish to go there again!
A. Yes, I have         B. Yes, I haven’t      C. No, I have       D. No, I haven’t
11. ―My parents are crazy about Running Man. What about your parents?
   ―_________ my dad _______ my mom likes it. but they prefer Ode To JoyⅡ(.欢乐颂)
A. Not only, but also    B. Both, and        C. Neither, nor      D. Either, or
12. ―I can't think of any actress who is more beautiful than Audrey Hepburn.
   ―You've got the point. Her beauty is _____ words.
A. over              B. above           C. beyond          D. without
13. ―I followed your advice on how to learn English, but I am still poor in it. Why?
―Well, ___________________.You should find your own way.
A. all is well that ends well     B. one man's meat is another man's poison
C. no pains , no gains          D. many hands make light work
14. ―So you gave her your mobile phone.
   ―_________. She said she would return it to me after she had hers fixed.
A. My pleasure        B. Not exactly        C. With pleasure       D. No problem
二、完形填空: 先通读下面的短文,掌握其大意,然后在每小题所给的四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(共10小题,每题1分,共10分)
Last night, when I was driving back home, I noticed a hitchhiker(搭便车的人) who was having no luck getting a ride. I rolled down my window and signed to the man to my car. I asked him where he was heading and he told me he needed a ride to his doctor’s office which would close in 15 minutes. I told him to   15   and he gratefully did so.
As soon as he got in he told me that he was a   16    and went out to sea for weeks at a time. He took medicine for his nerves(神经) and needed to get another prescription(处方) before he left on the boat. He said that he had prayed (祈祷)  17  would stop for him so he could be there before the   18    office closed. With some fast driving we managed to make it there in about 10  19  . I then asked him how he planned on getting back home and he said he could walk. “I’ll patiently wait for you and bring you back,” I told him. He  20   me and said he should only b e about 15 minutes.
Afterwards he got back in my car and tried his hardest to pay me back: offering me dinner, gas money, even offering to ship me 40 lbs of scallops (海 扇贝)! I  21   refused, gave him a smile card and asked him to help someone else the next time he had a   22  . I drove him back to where I had picked him up and   23   one more “thank you” he was on his way.
I feel that the world always offers us what we need. In the man’s  24   it was a ride, in mine the chance to help someone else.
1 5. A. go out     B. run away     C. get in     D. lie down
16. A. farmer     B. pianist     C. doctor     D. fisherman
17. A. someone     B. nobody     C. anyone     D. everybody
18. A. teacher’s     B. doctor’s     C. manager’s    D. captain’s
19. A. days      B. hours      C. minutes     D. weeks
20. A. doubted     B. thanked      C. greeted      D. accepted
21. A. politely     B. angrily      C. immediately     D. surprisingly
22. A. dream     B. problem     C. chance      D. choice
23. A. before     B. until     C. besides     D. after
24. A. opinion     B. way      C. case      D. condition

三、阅读理解:从选项中选出最选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。(本大题共13小题,每小题2分,共26分)
A
 ①
NO BOATING IN ANY PART OF THE LAKE
 ②
Cough Medicine.
Sh ake well before use.
 Take three times a day after meals
Each time:     Adults: 2 teaspoonfuls.  
         Children:
8— 14    1 teaspoonful.
4—7               0.5 teaspoonful.
Not for children below the age of 4.               
Keep in a cold place.   
Use before October, 2008

FAST FOOD
OPEN HOURS
WEEKDAY
8:00 A.M.-8:00 P.M.
WEEKEND
10:00 A.M.-11:00 P.M.
25. From the first sign we know we can not ________ in the lake. 
A. stay for long            B. fish            C. swim          D. boat
26. Helen is six years old, and she’s got a bad cough. She should take ________ a day. 
A. 0.5 teaspoonful         B. 2 teaspoonfuls      C. 1.5 teaspoonfuls     D. 3 teaspoonfuls
27. The fast food shop isn’t open ________.
A. at 9:00 P.M. on Thursday         B. at 10:00 A.M. on Friday
C. at 9:00 P.M. on Saturday          D. at 10:00 A.M. on Sunday
B
Tom arrived at the bus station quite early for Paris bus. The bus for  Paris would not leave until five to twelve. He saw a lot of people waiting in the station. Some were standing in line(排队), others were walking around. There was a group of schoolgirls. Their teacher was trying to keep them in line. Tom looked around but there was no place for him to sit.
  He walked into the station cafe(咖啡馆). he looked up at the clock there. It was only twenty to twelve. He found a seat and sat down before a large mirror(镜子 ) on the wall. Just then, Mike, one of Tom’s workmates came in and sat with Tom.
  “What time is your bus?” asked Mike.
  “There’s plenty of time yet,” answered Tom.
  “Well, I’ll get you some more tea then,” said Mike.
  They talked while drinking.  Then Tom looked at the clock again. “Oh! It’s going backward(倒行)!” he cried. “A few minutes ago it was twenty to twelve and now it’s half past eleven.”
  “You’re looking at the clock in the mirror.” said Mike. Tom was so sad(难过). The next bus was not to leave for another hour. Since then Tom has never liked mirrors.
28. Tom went into the station cafe because _________.
 A.Mike asked him to have a cup of tea 
 B.it was quite early and he could find a seat there
 C.he didn’t like to stay with the schoolgirls 
 D.he wanted to have a drink with his workmate there
29. What time was it in fact when Tom looked at the clock in the mirror?______
 A.Half past twelve   B.Twenty to twelve  C.Half past eleven    D.Half past one
30. Which of the following is the title of the story?
 A.The Mirror of the Station     B.Not A Careful Man
 C.Missing A Bus             D.The Clock In The Mirror

C
Joseph Goldberger was a doctor for the Unite States Public Health Service. In 1912, he began to study a disease that was killing thousands of people in the South. The disease was pellagra(烟酸缺乏病).
Doctor Goldberger traveled to the state of Mississippi where many people had pellagra. He studied the patients and their families. Most of the people were poor. The doctor came to believe that the disease was not passed from one person to another, but instead had something to do with food.
He received agreement from state officials to test this idea a t a prison(监狱). Prisoners were offered pardons if they took part. One group of prisoners received their usual food, mostly corn. A second group ate meat, fresh vegetables and milk. Members of the first group developed pellagra. The second group did not.
But some experts refused to accept that poor food caused pellagra. They thought there were other causes.
So Doctor Goldberger put blood(血液) from a person with pellagra into his own body. He even took pills that had blood from pellagra pati ents. An assistant also took part in the experiments. So did Doctor Goldberger’s wife. None of them got sick. Later, the doctor discovered that a bit of dried brewer’s yeast(酿酒的酵母) each day could prevent pellagra.
Joseph Goldberger died of cancer in 1929. He was 55 years old. Several years later, researchers discovered the true cause of pellagra: having little of the vitamin B.
31. How old was Doctor Goldberger when he began to study pellagra?
 A. 22.           B. 30.        C. 38.         D. 55.
32. The underlined part “this idea” (in Paragraph 3) refers to          .
 A. the guessing that pellagra had something to do with food
 B. a kind of yeast that prevented pellagra
 C. pellagra that was easily passed from one person to another
 D. a poor food that caused pellagra
33. Which is the right order about what Doctor Goldberger did?
 a. He did a test on prisoners at a prison.
 b. He did the experiments on himself.
 c. He came to Mississippi to study the patients and their families.
 d. He found poor food was easy to cause pellagra.
 e. He discovered a little dried brewer’s yeast every day could prevent pellagra.
A. a, d, c, e, b          B. c, a, d, b, e        C. b, e, c, a, d        D. c, b, e, a, d

D
What exactly is a lie? Is it anything we say which we know is untrue? Or is it something more than that? For example, suppose a friend wants to borrow some money from you. You say “I wish I could help you, but I am short of money myself.” In fact, you are not short of money but your friend is in the habit of not paying his debts and you don’t want to hurt his feelings by reminding him of this. Is this really a lie?
Professor Jerald Jellison of the University of southern California has made a scientific study of lying. According to him, women are better lies than men, particularly when telling a “white lie”, such as when a woman at a party tells another woman that she likes her dress when she really thinks it’s terrible. However, this is only one side of the story. Other researchers say that men are more likely to tell more serious lies, such as making a promise that they have no intention of carrying out. This is the kind of lie politicians(政治家) and businessmen are supposed to be particularly skilled at: the lie from which the liar hopes to profit or gain in some way.
Research has been done into the way people’s behavior changes in a number of small, unimportant ways when they lie. It has been found that if they are sitting down at the time, they tend to move about in their chairs more than usual. To the trained observer they are saying “I wish I were somewhere else now”. They also tend to touch certain parts of the face, particularly the nose. One explanation of this may be that lying causes a slight increase in blood pressure. The tip of the nose is very sensitive to changes and the increased pressure makes it itch.
Another gesture that gives liars away is what the writer Decmond Morris in his book Man Watching calls the “mouth cover”. He says that there are several typical forms of this, such as covering part of the mouth with the fingers, touch the upper lip or putting a finger of the hand at one side off t he mouth. Such a gesture can be understood as an unconscious(未察觉的) attempt on the part of the liar to stop himself from lying.
Of course, such gestures as rubbing the nose or covering the mouth, moving about in a chair can not be taken as proof that the speaker is lying. They simply tend to happen more often in this situation. It is one gesture alone that gives the liar away but a whole number of things, and in particular the context(上下文) which the lie is told.
34.According to the passage, a white lie seems to be a lie ______.
A. that other people believe   
B. that other people don’t believe
C. told in order not to hurt someone’s feelings
D. told in order to take advantage of someone
35.Research suggests that women _____.
A. are better at telling less serious lies than men
B. generally lie for more than men do
C. often make promises they intend to break
D. lie at parties more often than men do
36.The writer of the passage______.
A. hates lying   B. enjoys lying   C. often tells a lie   D. tries to study about lying
37. Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage as a sign of lying ?
A. Touching one’s ears      B. Rubbing the nose 
C. Moving in a chair           D. Covering the mouth

第II卷 非选择题(共40分)
四、词汇运用 (本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
(A)根据句意和汉语注释,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出单词的正确形式。
38. There a re always soldiers ___________(守卫)outside the gate of the government buildings.
39. The twins looked the same, so I often _____________(弄错)one from the other.
40. Bill married the wrong woman and he thought his life was ____________(完全) finished.
41.Who can make a list of the _____________ (顾客) addresses for me?.
(B) 根据句意,在答题卡对应题号的横线上,写出括号内所给单词的适当形式。
42. To get good grades in the exam, we should avoid ______________(care).
43. If you put a little more salt in this soup. it will be _____________(taste) , I think.
44. Ten __________________(19) of the students in our grade suffer from stress.
45. The hotels in the tourist areas are ______________(comfort), but they are quite expensive.

五、动词填空:  用括号内所给动词的适当形式填空,并将答案写在答题卡对应题号的横线上。(本大题共8小题,每小题1分,共8分)
46. Listen! How beautiful the music made from water ___________ (sound)!
47. ―Can you see the lovely children on the playground? 
   ―Yes, and the two who ____________ (run) around the basketball are my sons.
48. ―Can I use the computer to search for information now?
   ―Of course, we________________(repair) it. Help yourself!
49. Much attention should be paid to __________ (improve) the living conditions of the poor.
50. ―Jack took a photo of you just now.   ―Sorry! I _____________ (not look) in his direction.
51.The dishes _______________(lay) on the table a s soon as they are prepared.
52. ―Why are you going there?
   ―Why? At least _____________(prevent) him leaving.
53. The boy _________(take) to hospital at once after he fell off the tree.

六、阅读填空 :先通读下面的短文,然后根据短文内容,在文章后表格的空格内填入一个最恰当的单词。所填单词必须写在答题卡对应题号的横线上。每个空格只能填一个单词。(本大题共5小题,每小题1分,共5分)
Some people succeed, while others may not. This is because some people owns qualities, which others do not.
    The first thing you must remember is that in order to succeed, you must be optimistic(乐观的). If you don't expect to win, you will not try as hard as those who do expect to win. You also need to have a clear aim and a reason for doing something because motivation (动力) is a key to achieving success. If you don't have an aim, then you'll not be motivated to work and put your performance under the microscope to make sure that every detail is right.
    Another quality that helps people succeed is creativity (创造力)—thinking about things in a different way and wondering how other people would do the same thing. Think about some successful people you know. They might be successful with a little creativity, but the most successful people are the most creative ones.
    Reading is another to success, as it will help you learn about how other people have achieved success. If you want to learn how to set up a successful business, you should read books about people like Bill Gates and Jerry Yang, who have achieved amazing success in the areas of business.
    Practicing is also very important if you want to succeed because practice makes perfect. Practice every day at whatever career you are in, and by doing so, you will see yourself, your business and your self-confidence begin to grow. If you feel confident about what you do, this confidence will make other people believe i n you as well. Your colleagues will be happy to work with you, and your boss will give you more responsibility. Finally, if you're a successful person, you will be able to look people in the eye and smile confidently.
    Success is yours for the taking! Cheers!
Title       54       
Certain qualities Supporting details
Optimism ▼Try hard   55   people who do expect to win.
▼Have a clear aim and a reason for doing something because a key to achieving success id motivation.
Creativity ▼ Don't think about things in the   56   way.
▼Study how other people would do the same thing.
Reading ▼Help you know about how   57   have achieved success.
▼Read books about successful people such as Bill Gates and Jerry Yang to encourage yourselves.
Practicing ▼Understand the saying "Practice makes perfect."
▼    58   yourself and do what you want to do confidently.

七、完成句子 : 按所给的汉语,用英语完成下列句子,并将答案写在答题卡对应题号的横线(本大题共9分, 每小题1.5分)
59. 感谢你提醒我不要依靠其他人。
Thanks for __________________________________________others.
60. 自从特朗普成为美国总统,他几乎没有在与中国改善关系方面做出重要决定。
Since Trump became the president of the UAS, he ____________________________ how to get on well with China.
61.国际大酒店因提供上乘的服务而备受赞誉。
The International Hotel is __________________________________________________
62.由于战争,怀特夫妇离开家乡已有10年了。
The Whites __________________________________________ the war since 10 years ago.
63.在电视访谈中,李先生难以清楚地表达自己。
Mr. Lee had _________________________________________________on the TV chat show.
64.那架失控的飞机最终成功地降落在机场了.
Finally, the plane ________________________________________________ at the airport.

八、书面表达 (本大题共10分)
为纪念汶川大地震十周年,某英文报发起关于灾区新貌的征文活动。请根据以下要点提示,以“Great Changes in Wenshuan”为题,用英语写一篇短文应征。内容要点如下:
1. 十年前我搬到这以来就一直住在这;
2. 地震如此强烈,大楼倒塌;大量受难者生活在为生命安全担忧中,别无选择只能离开;
3. 政府努力帮助人们重建(rebuild), 鼓励人们不灰心;
4. 我们满意于现在的生活;学会与自然和谐相处;很值得一游;
5. 我希望......
注意:
1.短文必须包括所有要点,要求语句通顺,意思连贯
2.第5 要点可以用1-2句适当发挥;
3.词数:90字左右

Great Changes inWenchuan
I am deeply impressed by the great changes that have taken place in Wenchuan over the past ten years.                                                                                     
                                                                                                  
                                                                                   
                                                                                     
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   
                                                                                   

 


 

江阴市2017-2018学年度第二学期
初三英语中考一模考试参考答案

第I卷(选择题,共50分)
一、单项填空(本大题共14分,每小题1分)
1-5 BCCDC   6-10 DBDAA     11-14 ACBB
二、完形填空(本大题共10分,每小题1分)
15-19 CDABC  20-24 BACDC
三、阅读理解 (本大题共26分,每小题2分)
25-27 DCA  28-30 BAD  31-33  CAB  34-37  CADA
第II卷(非选择题,共40分)
四、单词拼写(本大题共8分,每小题1分)
38. guarding        39. mistook         40.completely         41. customers'
42. carelessness      43. tastier          44. nineteenths        45. uncomfortable   
五、动词填空用括号内所给动词的适当形式 填空(本大题共8分,每小题1分)
46. sounds           47.are running      48 . have repaired       49. improving  
50. wasn't looking     51. will be laid      52.to prevent          53. was taken
六、任务型阅读
54. Success       55. like         56. same        57. others       58. Trust
七、完成句子 (本大题共9分,每句1.5分)
59. reminding  me not to  depend on
      0.5        0.5      0.5 
60. has hardly made  any important decisions  on
         0.5             0.5             0.5
61. highly praised for  providing  a high level of service
         0.5          0.5             0.5
62. have been away from their hometown  because of
                   1                   0.5
63. difficulty (in)  expressing himself  clearly
        0.5             05          0.5
64. ( which was) out of control  succeeded in  landing
            0.5                  0.5       0.5
八书面表达(10分)
A possible version:
I am deeply impressed by the great changes that have taken place in Wenchuan over the past ten years. I have lived here since I moved here 10 years ago. The earthquake was so strong that lots of buildings fell down. A large number of victims lived in fear of their lives, so they had no choice but to leave. Our government has made all efforts to help local people rebuild the city and encouraged them not to lose heart. Now, we are satisfied with our life. We learn to get on well with nature. Wenchuan is well worth visiting. I hope it will be better and better.


 

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