【真题】2018年舟山市中考英语真题试卷(Word版含答案)

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【真题】2018年舟山市中考英语真题试卷(Word版含答案)

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章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM 浙江省舟山市2018年中考英语试卷
一、听力
第一节:听小对话,从A、B、C三个选项中选出正确的选项,回答问题。
1. What animal are the speakers talking about?
A. A dog
B. A cat
C. A rabbit
2. What is the man's advice?
A. To see a doctor
B. To drink tea with honey.
C. To lie down and rest.
3. What's the weather like now?
A. Sunny.
B. Rainy.
C. Snowy.
4. How does Mike prefer to go to the museum?
A. By bus
B. By bike
C. On foot
5. What are the speakers probably going to do?
A. To make some cake
B. To meet friends
C. To eat some food
第二节;听长对话,从A、B、C三个选项中选出正确的选项,回答问题
听下面一段较长对话,回答第6、7两个问题。
6. Where are Susan and Eric?
A. In the yard
B. In the park.
C. In the school
7. What kind of tree are they planting?
A. A pear tree.
B. An orange tree
C. An apple tree,
听下面一段较长对话,回答第8-10三个问题。
8. Whom is the man choosing gifts for?
A. His wife.
B. His mother.
C. His daughter.
9. Which scarf does the man want to buy?
A. The red one.
B. The blue one.
C. The grey one.
10. How much will the man pay?
A. 25 dollars
B. 45 dollars
C. 65 dollars
第三节:听下面一段独白,从A,B、C三个选项中选择正确的选项,回答间题。
11. What's the speaker's best day of the week at school?
A. Wednesday.
B. Thursday.
C. Friday.
12. Where does the speaker practice the drums at lunchtime?
A. In the hall
B. In the music room
C. On the sports field.
13. What are the students doing in the English class?
A. Reading English.
B. Writing projects.
C. Having a discussion.
14. Which team is going to have a match on Saturday?
A. The soccer team.
B. The tennis team.
C. The basketball team.
15. What does the speaker think of the cooking class?
A. Boring
B. Difficult
C. Interesting
二、完形填空
阅读下面短文,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。
I have five children, so our house is always noisy.    16   , I love gardening and my garden helps me relax.
For a long time, I    17    the garden of peace and quiet. When the children followed me into the garden, I would expect    18    to be out of sight. And I would hand out tasks.
"Here: you    19    the onions, you dig the holes, and…" Soon they would be    20    or their arms would be sore, and they would leave me to myself.
But during a recent spring,    21    I was working in the garden, my 13-year-old son, Josiah noticed me. He    22    a tool and began helping. Working as a team, we finished the job in no time at all. I    23    Josiah, realizing that I'd enjoyed working with him.
The same thing happened----one or two of the    24    would appear and join in the gardening from time to time. Each time, I would feel    25    that the work was lighter because of their help.
One day, when I was picking the peas(豌豆) and having a taste    26   , Abby saw me and ran over. I put several peas into her mouth. She just loved how    27    they were.
"Mama, I want the others to try them too."
Suddenly, I realized I had been wrong for long, I'd tried to keep the    28    of gardening to myself, and here was a child who couldn't wait to    29    with others, "Sure, honey, let's pick some. We'll make a wonderful supper."
Now I enjoy all of the garden's beauties with the children. We bring the    30    back home, preparing and cooking the produce together, because we know that everything is better when shared.
()16. A. Finally      B. Quickly      C. luckily      D. Immediately
()17. A. painted      B. guarded      C. refused      D. described
()18. A. it      B. him      C. her      D. them
()19. A. water      B. eat        C. sell        D. cook
()20. A. hot      B. shy      B. sorry      D. nervous
()21. A.so      B. if      C. while      D. unless
()22. A. waited for      B. picked up      C. pointed at      D. looked after
()23. A. hated      B. forgot      C. saved      D. thanked
()24. A. friends      B. children      C. visitors      D. neighbors
()25. A. bored      B. silly      C. afraid      D. surprised
()26. A. alone      B. sadly      C. together      D instead
()27. A. safe      B. tasty      C. famous      D. expensive
()28. A. tradition      B. standard      C. happiness      D. background
()29. A. live       B. agree        C. work      D. share
()30. meat        B. bread        C. fruits      D. drinks
三、读理解
阅读下面四篇材料,然后从各题所给的四个选项中选出一个最佳答案。
A
Eating your way around the world
Australia: Try a pie floater?
 
Feeling hungry? No visit to South Australia is complete without trying the local food-a pie floater. They are traditionally sold at roadside food shops, some of which stay open all night. It is a meat pie floating in a thick green pen soup. Finally, the pie is covered with plenty of bright red tomato ketchup(番茄酱). Enjoy!
Vietnam: Soup for breakfast
 
The food stands in the streets of Ho Chi Minh City, Vietnam, open early in the morning and stay busy till late at night, selling fast food to hungry passers-by. The most famous dish is pho, a noodle soup with slices of beef or chicken and different vegetables. It's usually eaten for breakfast----many Vietnamese people say they cannot start the day without this delicious food!
Belgium: Home of French fries
 
You can find French fried potatoes all over the world, but as Belgians will tell you, they, not the French, invented this popular street food, back in the 17th century. French fries, eaten from a paper cone are the Belgian's favourite food. The secret of perfect French fries is that they are fried(油炸) twice in hot oil, to give a perfect, golden outside
31. A pie floater in South Australia is a kind of food with _________.
A. fried potatoes
B. thick soup
C. beef or chicken
D. a golden outside
32. According to the passage, all the three kinds of local food _________.
A. are sold in the street
B. have meat inside
C. have tomato ketchup
D. are fried in hot oil
33. The passage most probably comes from the ______ column(栏目) in a magazine.
A. education
B. health
C. travel
D. technology
B
Right now you probably spend most of your time in school. Do you wonder what you are going to do after high school? Will you continue to go to school? Will you learn a trade? Perhaps it is time to think about your choices and to prepare for them. Some day work will be a big part of your life.
What kind of job would be right for you? Think about your interests and your skills. You may like to listen to music, dance, play basketball, or work with computers. You may know how to drive a car or how to get along with people. Knowing both your interests and skills will help make a better plan for your career(职业).
To get an idea of what work you would like to do, make a list of your interests and a list of your skills. Think about what you have done to be successful in your interests. After that, brainstorm a list of career choices that might match your interests and skills. You can later keep your lists with the projects and documents(文件) that can help you achieve the career you want. They can help you know more clearly about your achievements in school and in the world of work.
Roberta Zhan, an art designer, finds her work satisfying because it allows her to use her interests and skills. She enjoyed imagining something in her mind's eye while she was in school. She took art, design, and computer lessons, and also learned about taking photos on her own.
Here is what she says about the meaning of work: "If you have a job you like, work means much more than just making money. It means using your talents, making a contribution(贡献) and getting a real sense of satisfaction from doing a job."
34. The passage is most probably written to ________.
A. students
B. teachers
C. parents
D. designers
35. At the beginning, the writer introduces the topic of the passage by ________.
A. listing facts
B. giving examples
C. asking questions
D. explaining differences
3G. Roberta Zhan might be most interested in ______ when she was at school.
A. singing songs
B. creating pictures
C. playing basketball
D. playing computer games
37. The passage is mainly about ________.
A. the real meaning of work
B. the importance of interests and skills
C. the journey of Roberta's life
D. the way of preparing for the future career
C
When our son Bradley was ten, the new bicycle he had received earlier that year was stolen. Owning a bicycle was a big deal to our children when they were little. They spent hours and hours, day after day, on their bicycles, riding up and down the footpath, and at the front of the house. We also rode together as a family a lot. Bicycling was a great way to get the kids out of the house and into the fresh air without spending any money.
Bradley had discovered that his bicycle had been stolen from our backyard in Campbelltown, South Australia, when he and his sister went outside for a morning ride. He couldn't believe that someone would do this.
He got a large piece of cardboard, painted a sign begging for the bicycle to be returned, and tied the sign to the letterbox. The following morning, when I went out to collect the mail, I found a white envelope with the magical words, "Buy yourself a new bicycle", There was a $100 banknote inside.
We were very touched that someone had the heart to do this, We've never been able to thank the person but we suspect(猜想) that it may have been one of our wonderful neighbors. Bradley painted a big"______!"on the sign and we left it outside for a couple of weeks afterwards, hoping the kind stranger would drive down our street.
A delighted Bradley was able to buy a new bicycle. As the years went on, the bicycles became bigger and more expensive but remained just as important for those family bicycle rides. Now Bradley is 25. Sometimes I miss the days when receiving a bicycle was the best thing in the world to them.
All these years later we are still thankful for the stranger's kindness. We were a young family with three little children and it meant a lot to us. We still talk about it and, even now, wonder who the kind stranger was.
38. According to the passage, Bradley often ______ when he was a child.
A. rode a bike
B. made signs
C. took a walk
D. collected mails
39. Which of the following is the best to fill in the blank in Paragraph 4?
A. Come back
B. Thank you
C. A new bicycle
D. A good boy
40. From the action of the stranger, we can learn that ________.
A. love builds a warm family
B. a special memory lasts long
C. happiness makes a better life
D. a kindness helps others a lot
41. The best title for the passage can be _________.
A. A rich stranger
B. A thankful mother
C. A bicycle for Bradley
D. A banknote for the family
D
Every 14 days, another language dies. There are many reasons for this. Some people think more common languages have more economic(经济的) if power. Because of this, young people choose to learn a common language as they think it is more useful. Another reason is that some languages aren't written down. Guujaaw is a leader of the Haida Nation, whose people have lived on the Queen Charlotte Islands, Canada, for more than 10,000 years. Their language is endangered. Traditionally, it wasn't written down, and, as a result, some people are worried that it will die one day. Guujaaw replies to this, "We talk to each other, listen, visit and believe in the spoken word. Expressing yourself without writing is natural. However, if Guujaaw's language and others like it are going to stay alive, writing may have to become part of their lives.
When a language dies, a lot of knowledge dies with it. To begin with, language is a huge part of the culture of the people who speak it. Language allows speakers to say certain things: words that describe a cultural idea may not translate exactly into another language. Furthermore, many endangered languages have rich spoken cultures. Stories, songs and histories are passed on from older people to younger generations(一代). Elizabeth Lindsey, an expert in languages, emphasizes(强调) this. "When an elder dies, a library is burned," she says.
Also, language death affects our knowledge about nature. Local people often have a deep understanding of plants, animals, and the relationship between them. David Harrison, a researcher on endangered languages, reflects, "80% of plant and animal species(物种)have been undiscovered by science. But that doesn't meanthey're unknown to humans."
Many languages are endangered. However, it's not too late. Children often grow up speaking two languages.“ No one… becomes richer by giving up… one language to learn another,” Harrison said. If children feel both languages are important, they will use both. So, it is necessary that children realize how useful their local language is.
42. How many reasons are mentioned for endangered languages in Paragraph 1?
A. 2
B. 3
C. 4
D. 5
43. In Paragraph 2, the writer mainly tells us _________.
A. how cultures are passed on
B. how cultures are discovered
C. why languages are written down
D. why languages are important to cultures
44. The underlined word "affects" in the passage means _______.
A. waits for
B. depends on
C. is different from
D. has an influence on
45. Which of the following is the writer's opinion?
A. People need to use common languages more often.
B. The spoken word is more important than the written word.
C. Children are the hope to stop the local language from dying.
D. Many animals and plants are in danger because of dying languages.
四、词汇运用
A.用方框中所给单词的适当形式填空,每词仅用一次(每空一词)
eight    active    seldom    quarter     interview
46. Tom has been ______ in raising money for the old people's home.
47. Sally is such a careful girl that she ______ makes spelling mistakes.
48. These days we are ______ some students for the coming art festival.
49. You can find more information about outer space in the ______ unit of Smart Science.
50. A ______ of the students taking the course Basic Football, improved their sports skills.
B.阅读下面短文,然后根据括号内所给汉语意思写出单词的正确形式(每空一词)。
How important is your mobile phone to you?
Imagine that you went to a day camp without your phone. How would you feel? Do you think you could get through your ______(社会的)life? Share your thoughts with us!
I'm not sure, but why would anyone do so? The mobile phone has brought us a much easier life. My old granny says it has ______ (控制) our life. However, my friends and I still think it has many ______(优点)
----Lizzie Wong
I would thank it if my family members could leave their mobile phones at home, ______ (尤其)when we get together. Every time we eat out, my son and his wife are always busy checking and replying to emails, while my ______ (孙子) plays online games or texts his friends all the time. We only talk to each other when the waiter ______(给……看) us the menu. A family get-together is supposed to draw everyone together to have fun, but mobile phones ______(引起) people less attention on each other.
----Thomas Miller
My mobile phone is ______(有帮助的). I use it to check my calendar and to keep in touch with others. The idea of not having it around worries me. ______ (一次)I left my phone at home and I couldn't pay attention to my work at all. My ______ (同伴) in my office have the similar experiences too.
----Alex Watson
五、语法填空
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入一个适当的词,或填入括号中所给单词的正确形式。
Have you ever heard of friendships among animals? At a zoo in Germany, an unusual friendship developed ______ a cat and a bear.
No one is quite sure how the friendship first began. One day, some ______ (worker) in the zoo noticed a black cat was in the bears cage(笼子), and the two animals were playing together peacefully. They were surprised ______ well the small cat seemed to get along with the large bear. The bear keeper allowed the cat to stay with the bear, And later the pair and their unusual friendship ______ (become)a hot topic at the zoo.
After several years, a new cage ______ (build) for the bear. However, the cat was still in the same cage, so it walked around ______ (angry) and cried to be with the bear. The bear keeper finally took pity on the cat ______ let it stay with the bear. The cat and the bear got ______ (close) than before. They often sat together and shared meals in ______ sun.
Sometimes it may be natural for animals ______ (have) their own ideas about who would make a good friend. These may surprise humans, who usually expect animals to form relationships with others of the same species.
六、任务型阅读
在英语拓展课上,你需要介绍一个非洲国家。请你根据搜索到的有关肯尼亚的部分资料,完成PPT演示文稿。
Republic of Kenya is a country in Africa, with a population of about 48,000,000. Nairobi is the capital of Kenya, Kiswahili and English are its official languages, and it also has many local languages. Kenya covers 582, 646 square kilometres. It has a warm and humid tropical climate on its Indian Ocean coastline. On Kenya's land, fruit, vegetables, coffee, tea, corns and wheat are the main agricultural produce. The people in Kenya like cross country running, road running, soccer, boxing and so on. Kenya won several medals during the Beijing Olympics, six gold, four silver and four bronze, making it Africa's most successful nation in the 2008 Olympics
Republic of Kenya
Capital: _______
Size: _______km2
Official languages: Kiswahili, _______
population: _______million
Sports: cross country running, _______ soccer, boxing
七、书面表达
76.假设你是李华。上周六,你陪同来自美国结对学校的中学生Peter体验中国文化。请根据以下信息,用英语写一篇短文向校刊English Journey投稿,介绍本次活动内容并分享感受。
Activities Feelings
make zong zi 
visit a tea museum 
learn Chinese characters 
注意:(1)短文必须包括表格中的所有内容,并表达感受。(2)文中不得出现与你身份相关的信息。(3)词数:80~100。短文首句仅供参考,不计入总词数。
短文首句: Last Saturday, I took Peter, a student from America, to experience some Chinese cultures. 文
章 来源莲山课件 ww w.
5 Y k j.CoM
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