定州二中 高二第一次月考 英语试卷
考试时间90分钟 分值 120分 命题人：郝宏丽
When Julie Jones and Caroline Atkin were schoolgirls, they promised to be best friends for ever. Years later, Caroline died from a brain tumor at the age of 45, leaving five children. In her last weeks, she asked Julie to raise the children as her own. Julie, a single mother of three with a small income, didn’t hesitate.
“I held her in my arms and said ‘You’ll be OK’, but I knew I was losing her.” She says.
“The hospital rang me and I rushed there, but Caroline had just gone,” she says. “I went to her house. The children arrived home from school in a taxi and I gathered them in my arms and said: ‘Mommy has gone to Heaven.’”
“Michael, who was 11, left the room. Kieran, ten, sat in great surprise; James, nine, bro ke down; while Emma, seven, and Chantelle, five uneasy. I brought them home.”
Julie, mother of Adam, 20, Peter, 19, and 14-year-old Christian, moved the table from her dining room to turn it into an extra bedroom for the girls.
She says “I put a tent up in the garden, and the children took turns to camp outside. We turned into a game. The children were terribly hurt by losing both their parents. But now, despite our lack of space and money, we have become one happy family.” The table in the kitchen is so small that Julie had to cook Christmas dinner in two sittings. Her eldest son has left for university and his bedroom is used by the younger boys.
Julie had to work 50 hours a week and runs the home on her salary.
“The children aren’t quiet anymore. The house is filled with screams and shouts and laughter.” she says. “They say ‘Julie, you make us so happy,’ but the truth is that they’re the ones who make me happy. I’m not extraordinary. I’m just a mum.”
1. What can we know about Julie from the text?
A. She had lived a rich life before the adoption.
B. She promised to adopt Caroline’s children as a schoolgirl.
C. She blamed Caroline’s husband for taking no responsibility.
D. She had to work very hard to support the large family.
2. Which one is NOT what Julie did to support the large family?
A. Using the dining room as a bedroom.
B. Putting a tent up in the garden.
C. Persuading her eldest son to leave for university.
D. Cooking Christmas dinner i n two sittings.
3. From the last paragraph, we can know that Julie is _______ .
A. annoyed B. tired C. modest D. energetic
4. What would be the best title for the text?
A. A mother to five orphans B. Five lucky children
C. Caroline’s death D. Troubles of raising children
Here are some of the best places you can visit in 2015. Find your favorite and put on
your travel list.
Attraction: History in the making
From the Washington Monument and John F. Kennedy Center all the way to Capitol Hill,
the vigor (活力) of the US’ capital city is just as strong as in real life as it is in House of Cards.
The year 2015 marks the 150th anniversary of Abraham Lincoln’s famous assassination (暗杀),
and a series of special events will be held to remember the occasion. Lincoln’s famous top hat,
the gun that fired the deadly shot, and other things from that fateful day will be on display.
Attraction: A cradle of fine dining and culture
If you are a gastronome (美食家), don’t miss Milan in 2015. Expo 2015 will be held
between May and October, and the focus is on food.
The 1.1-square-kil ometer grounds will be laid out like a classical Roman city, with
beautiful streets, a canal and a huge lake. You can explore the food district, wander a square
full of street musicians and dance performers, or enjoy nighttime wine-tasting.
Attraction: The Magna Carta’s 800th anniversary
For too long Salisbury has been considered a short stop on the way to Stonehenge. But
2015 is set to be the year visitors stay in this city as it marks the 800th anniversary of the Magna
Carta, which limited royal power and established the rights of common people. The highlight
for the celebrations will be Salisbury Cathedral, whose Chapter House holds the Magna Carta.
A brand new exhibition will open in the Chapter House, alongside many talks and a flower
5. Why did the author mention House of Cards in the second paragraph?
A. To arouse readers’ interest in reading the text
B. To indicate that the anniversary Lincoln’s assassination is important.
C. To stress that the vigor of Washington, DC is strong.
D. To show that Washington, DC has a long history.
6. In which year was Lincoln assassinated?
A. 1864 B. 1865 C. 1866 D. 1867
7. What can a visitor mostly probably do in Salisbury?
A. Buy Lincoln’s famous hat.
B. Explore the food district.
C. Watch wonderful dance performance.
D. See the original copy of the Magna Carta.
Happy birthday! Do birthdays really make people happy? Of course they do. Birthdays celebrate the day we were born. Besides, that extra candle on the cake suggests another year of growth and maturity—or so we hope. We all like to imagine that we’re getting wiser and not just older. Most of us enjoy seeing the miracle of growth in others, as well. For instance, seeing our children d evelop and learn new things makes us feel proud. For Americans, like people in most cultures, growing up is a wonderful process. But growing old? That’s a different story.
Growing old is not exactly pleasant for people in youth-oriented American culture. Most Americans like to look young, act young and feel young. As the old saying goes, “You’re as young as you feel.” Older people joke about how many years young they are, rather than how many years old. People in some countries value the aged as a source of experience and wisdom. But Americans seem to favor those that are young, or at least “young at heart”.
Many older Americans find the “golden years” to be anything but golden. Economically, “senior citizens” often struggle just to get by. Retirement at age 65 brings a sharp decrease in personal income. Social security benefits usually cannot make up the difference. Older people may suffer from poor nutrition, medical care and housing. Some even experience age discrimination (歧视). In 1987, American sociologist Pat Moore dressed up like an older person and wandered city streets. She was often treated rudely—even cheated and robbed. H owever, dressed as a young person, she received much more respect.
Unfortunately, the elderly population in America is increasing fast. Why? People are living together. Fewer babies are being born. And middle-aged “baby boomers” are rapidly entering the groups of the elderly. America may soon be a place whe re wrinkles (皱纹) are “in”. Ma rketing experts are already noticing this group of consumers (消费者).
8. The main idea of the third paragraph is________.
A. the golden years can make the old earn lots of money
B. many old people in America are leading a hard life
C. the old in America have to retire at the age of 65
D. American social security benefits are not good
9. From the last paragraph we know that the underlined word “in” can be replaced by________.
A. serious B. bad C. disappearing slowly D. growing fast
10. From this passage we can know________.
A. in America, growing up is not a wonderful process
B. in America, growing up is as wonderful a process as growing old
C. in America, growing up is a wonderful process, while growing old is not
D. in America, growing old is a wonderful process, while growing up is not
11. What should be mentioned in the following paragraph?
A. The public will change their attitude towards old people.
B. People will provide more services to the old in their communities.
C. Companies will soon produce more goods for old Americans.
D. The government will pass laws to ensure the benefits of the people.
To many web-building spiders, most of whom are nearly blind, the web is their essential window on the world: their means of communicating, capturing prey (猎物), meeting mates and protecting themselves. A web-building spider without its web is like a man cast away on an island of solid rock, totally out of touch and destined to starve to death.
So important is the web to an orb-web spider’s survival that the animal will continue to construct new webs daily even if it is being starved. For 16 days the starving spider builds completely normal webs. Then, as the animal gets scrawnier (憔悴的), it constructs a wider-meshed web using fewer strands (线). Such webs would only trap larger prey, which is more economical from the perspective of a starving spider.
The spider stores energy by recycling web protein. It simply eats its own web each evening and re-uses it to produce new silk. In studies with radioactively labeled materials, it was found that 95 percent of web protein reappears in the next day’s web. Most of the energy needed for web-building is used in walking over the strands as they are laid down.
Scientists are impressed by the adaptability（适应能力） of the spider’s highly preprogrammed brain, which is larger for its size than the brain of any other invertebrate (无脊椎动物). If web-building is interrupted, or if some of the existing strands are destroyed, the spider simply goes back to see where the web is left off and then finished building a normal web. One spider will even finish building the incomplete web of another.
12. What is probably the best title for the passage?
A. Secrets of Spiders’ Adaptability B. Importance of Webs t o Spiders
C. Secrets of the Spiders’ Life D. Spiders’ Highly Preprogrammed Brain
13. According to the passage, which of the following statements is TRUE?
A. Web-building spiders have good eyesight.
B. One web-building spider usually conducts one web.
C. Most spiders will stop conducting webs when hungry.
D. Web-building spiders will probably die without their webs.
14. A spider conducts a wider-meshed web when _______.
A. it is 16 days old B. it is getting weaker
C. it has fewer strands D. it hunts for food
15. A spider’s ability to finish an incomplete web proves that _______.
A. it has a highly preprogrammed brain
B. it reuses its web protein to reproduce new silk
C. the web is everything for a spider
D. it is able to rebuild a destroyed web
What is your favorite color? Do you like yellow, orange, red? 16 Do you prefer grey and blue? Then you are probably quiet, shy, and you would rather follow than lead. You tend to be pessimist. At least, this is what psychologists tell us, and they should know, because they have been seri ously studying the meaning of color preference, as well as the effect that colors have on human beings. 17 If you happen to love brown, you did so, as soon as you opened your eyes, or at least as soon as you could see clearly.
18 A yellow room makes most people feel more cheerful and more relaxed than a dark green one; and a red dress brings warmth and cheer to the saddest winter day. 19 A black bridge over the Thames River, near London, used to be the scene of more suicides(自杀) than any other bridge in the area—until it was repainted green. The number of suicide attempts immediately fell sharply. Perhaps it would have fallen even more if the bridge had been done in pink or baby blue.
20 It is an established fact that factory workers work better, harder, and have fewer accidents when their machines are painted orange rather than black or grey.
A. On the other hand, black is depressing.
B. They tell us, among other facts, that we do not choose our favorite color as we grow up —
we are born with our preference.
C. The rooms are painted in different colors as you like.
D. If you do, you must be an optimist, a leader, an active person who enjoys life, people and excitement.
E. Light and bright colors make people not only happier but more active.
F. Life is like a picture or a poem, full of different colors.
G. Colors do influence our moods—there is no doubt about it
完形填空 ( 20小题; 每小题2分， 满分 40分)
Recently I understood the true meaning of love. The 21 was Kane, my neighbor Joline’s two-year-old son.
Kane was born with a physical problem on his 22 . And I witnessed the 23 that Kane’s physical shortcomings had on his family. I also witnessed much more than that. I saw a 24 family that embraced (拥抱) this special child. A family that wouldn’t allow Kane to know he was 25 . Joline had constructed a small cart just a few inches off the floor for his son to 26 . Kane used his hands to move about, and the cart 27 him to “go to” any place just as everyone else was able to do. Kane was not just a member of the family, but the 28 of the family.
With a wide smile, it was easy to see that even at the age of two, Kane liked to 29 with people very much. With wisdom of an individual, this boy even 20 the most complex of human emotions. Later I came to 21 that this child was sent to help some of us who weren’t just getting what love was all about.
Kane demanded attention, 22 not because of his mobility (移动能力) challenges or other apparent shortcomings. In his mind, he had no 23 or shortcomings. The 24 was that he received attention because he was alive and real and had so much to offer.
Kane 25 me in a deep way. His ability to refuse to be different has 26 me. Kane was and is 27 lots of warm and powerful energy to me. From him and his family I learnt the 28 : love surpasses (超越) all things. I can only imagine that as the parent of a child like Kane one might be filled with 29 . But I believe that having a child like Kane is actually a(n) 40 . The parents of such special babies are angels too, just as the babies are.
21. A. problem B. reason C. matter D. pressure
22. A. hands B. eyes C. legs D. arms
23. A. effect B. comment C. demand D. look
24. A. similar B. wonderful C. practical D. fair
25. A. irregular B. difficult C. different D. terrible
26. A. go ahead B. speed up C. turn out D. get around
27. A. invited B. allowed C. advised D. caused
28. A. symbol B. signal C. center D. mark
29. A. communicate B. compare C. agree D. compete
30. A. reminded B. understood C. discovered D. trusted
31. A. recognize B. experience C. imagine D. realize
32. A. and B. or C. but D. as
33. A. challenges B. expectations C.promises D. chances
34. A. goal B. result C. possibility D. truth
35. A. touched B. stopped C. caught D. kept
36. A. puzzled B. shocked C. amused D. inspired
37. A. even B. yet C. still D. almost
38. A. lesson B. subject C. notice D. skill
39. A. excitement B. determination C. anger D. anxiety
40. A. ability B. advantage C. problem D. exception
41 we all know, travelling can be an 42 ( excite) experience. Let me give you some advice that you have to pay attention to. You can find out more about your destination by surfing the Internet 43 you set out. You needn’t take too much cash. Though it can be very 44 (convenience) to pay in cash, using cheques 45 (be) much more 46 (rely). In additional, it will be wise 47 you to take 48 umbrella in case it should rain. And if you are to travel abroad, you’d better understand the cultural diversity. Keep 49 in mind that staying 50 ( polite) in foreign countries can help you have a wonderful trip.
Nowadays，the computer technology develops very fast that the Internet has become more and more popular.Some students regarded it as a great h elper.Because there has a lot of information on line，so you can surf the Internet for any information you need in a short time without working hard in the library.This is also very convenient to talk with other s by using the Internet.Moreover，other students think that there is some information on line which is not good for students.In addition，spend too much time playing games will not only have a bad effect on their studies but also do harm for health.Therefore，we should make properly use of the Internet.It is of great important to separate good plants from wild weeds.
假定你是李华,某中学生杂志英语习作专栏正在开展主题为“Why should we learn English?”的征文活动。请你根据所给要点写一篇征文稿。
改错：解析 考查固定句型 。so...that...如此……以至于……。
3．解析 考查固定句型。there be...表示有……。
答案 去掉so5．解析 考查代词。it is convenient to do...做某事很方便。it做形式主语。
6．解析 考查副词。然而，一些学生认为网上有些不好的信息，与第二行提到Some students regarded it as a great helper表示对比，故用however。moreover再者，此外，而且，不符合语境。
8．解析 考查固定短语。do harm to 对……有害。
9．解析 考查形容词。make use of 利用，use是名词，故用形容词来修饰。
10．解析 考查名词。be of importance ＝be important 重要。因前有形容词great所以不可去掉介词of。
语法填空：1 As，2 exciting， 3 before 4.convenient 5， is
6，reliable 7 of 8，an 9 it 10 politely
完形填空BCABC DBCAB DCADA DCADB
阅读理解DCCA CBD BDCC BDBA 36-40 DBGAE
English is an i nternational language so it is necessary and good for us to learn English.
First, learning English can help us improve our ability to learn languages . We learn new words and grammar, which makes it possible for us to learn new languages well in the future. Second, learning English opens the door to another culture. At the same time, we will be able to gain a better understanding about the culture of other countries. Last but not the least, learning English allows us to m ake a lot of new friends by communicating with them in Eng lish face to face or on the Internet.
In a word, learning English means a lot. We should work hard and try to have a good command of it.