2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试卷(带答案陕西西安长安区一中)

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2017-2018高二英语下学期期末试卷(带答案陕西西安长安区一中)

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长安一中2017—2018学年度第二学期期末考试
高 二 英 语 试 题
命题人:王亚宜        审题人:张灵芝
注意事项:
   1. 本试卷分第Ⅰ卷(选择题)和第Ⅱ卷(非选择题)两部分。
   2. 答题前,考生务必将自己的姓名、班级填写在本试卷相应的位置。
   3. 全部答案在答题卡上完成,答在本试卷上无效。
   4. 满分150分;考试时间120分钟。

第Ⅰ卷(选择题 共100分)
第一部分  听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节 (共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7.5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
例:How much is the shirt?
   A. £ 19.15.      B. £ 9.15.     C. £ 9.18.
答案:B
1. What does the woman think of the car journey?   
  A. It’s too long.    B. It’s very exciting.  C. It’s rather dangerous.
2. Why is John late for school?
  A. He was stuck in traffic. B. He did a good deed.      C. He hurt his head. 
3. What are the speakers talking about?
  A. A farm.     B. Some houses.   C. A corn field.
4. What does the man say about the movie?
  A. It’s horrible.    B. It’s not good.           C. It’s amusing.
5. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
  A. Acquaintances.   B. Classmates.    C. A couple.
第二节  (共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. What do we know from the conversation?
A. The man will help the woman tomorrow.
B. The woman will have workers to do the job.
C. The woman will be free tomorrow.
7. What does the woman probably think of the man?
A. Stubborn.                  B. Annoying.      C. Considerate.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Who plans to get more people for the team?
A. Sue.      B. Ben.      C. Karen.
9. What are going to take place in the near future?
A. Tennis matches.    B. Softball matches.       C. Football matches.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What will the woman do?
A. Make a presentation.    B. Sell new game products. C. Give away luggage carts.
11. What is the probable relationship between the speakers?
A. Friends.         B. Strangers.     C. Colleagues.
12. Where are the speakers?
A. In the company.     B. In the lecture hall.   C. In the hotel.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What is Tina doing?
A. Doing some reading.   B. Surfing the Internet.          C. Having a holiday.
14. What does the man ask the woman to do?
A. To buy a cake and ice cream.  B. To help Sandy.   C. To attend the birthday party.
15. Who can’t eat chocolate?
A. Tina.        B. The man.                   C. Sandy.   
16. Which place will the woman go to next?
A. The supermarket on Downing Street.
B. The store on Olive Avenue.    
C. The store on Abbey Road.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. What do we know about the travel destination, Costa Rica?
A. It’s family-friendly.
B. It’s suitable for old people.
C. It’s suitable for newly-married couples.
18. What language do Costa Rican people probably speak?
  A. English.         B. Spanish.             C. German.
19. What can travelers see in Costa Rica?
  A. Dead volcanoes.            B. Sand beaches.           C. Fish farms.
20. How much will it cost a family to travel in Costa Rica?
A. 80 dollars.   B. 185 dollars.     C. Half the cost of a trip to Disneyland.

第二部分: 阅读理解(共两节, 满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Most people agree that eating healthy food is important. But sometimes making good food choices can be tough. Now, there are apps that can help people learn about the food they eat to improve their diets and their dining-out experience.
OpenTable
OpenTable helps people choose restaurants when they want to go out to eat. OpenTable is a free service that shows users restaurant availability based on where and when they want to dine. OpenTable gives users points when they make reservations. The points can add up to discounts on restaurant visits.
When users make reservations through OpenTable, they get an email confirmation. They can also add the reservation directly to their electronic calendar.
Max McCalman’s Cheese & Wine Pairing App
Wine and cheese can be a great combination. But which wines go best with which cheeses?
Max McCalman’s Cheese & Wine Pairing App can help. It provides information about hundreds of different cheeses and suggests wines to pair with each. Max McCalman’s Cheese & Wine Pairing App is free for iPhone and iPad.
Epicurious app
Epicurious is a free app and website to help users find recipes and become better cooks. The app has more than 30,000 recipes and can create a shopping list based on the ingredients in a recipe.
Users can search by ingredients or by vegetables that are in season where they live. The app also rates recipes for popularity and other qualities. Users also provide advice about making the recipes.
Calorific
What does 200 calories look like? It can be hard to picture. For example, 200 calories of broccoli(西兰花)and 200 calories of cake look very different! The Calorific app shows just that. Calorific provides images of 200 calories worth of food.
The app also provides the weight of each food pictured. The app is free for iPad and iPhone.
Harvest
An app called Harvest informs users about seasonal fruits and vegetables in different areas.
This can be helpful in planning meals. Harvest also tells about pesticide(杀虫剂)use and organic food. Users can learn the best way to safely store food.
21. OpenTable can be used to _______.
A. access information about calendars      B. book meals ahead of time
C. reserve a hotel in advance           D. obtain news concerning discounts
22. Which of the following is WRONG according to the advertisement?
A. OpenTable gives users points leading to discounts on restaurant visits.
B. All the apps mentioned are free of charge for all the users.
C. Epicurious app can provide advice about making the recipes.
D. Calorific can help people who go on a diet.
23. What do we know about Harvest?
A. It keeps pesticide use a secret.  
B. It gives discounts to seasonal fruits.
C. It mainly recommends organic food.  
D. It tells how to keep food fresh longer.

B
    Schools across the world are trying to come up with solutions to keep students active. Some are replacing traditional classroom chairs with exercise balls or standing desks. At Ward Elementary School in Winston, North Carolina, students have adopted a new program that requires riding fixed bikes while reading.
    “Read and Ride” is the creation of school counselor Scott Ertl, who came up with the idea while he was exercising and reading at the gym. Believing it would be a fun way to convince students to become more active, he placed one in the corner of his classroom and encouraged them to use it during independent reading classes.
    It was so popular that Ertl decided to add more bikes and offer the “Read and Ride” program to the entire school. Today Ward Elementary has a dedicated exercise room filled with bikes that can be used by students while completing their daily reading assignments.
    Besides making reading more fun, the program also helps students exercise at a comfortable pace without the pressure that comes with regular sports-related activities. It is also a perfect way to release energy during days when the weather is not helpful to outdoor activities.  
    However, the program’s academic benefits are the most important. A year after Read and Ride was introduced at Ward Elementary School, students actively involved in the program demonstrated an astonishing 83% reading proficiency. Those that had not taken advantage of the exercise bikes tested at a much lower, 41%.
    Though the substantial improvement in academic achievement cannot all be attributed to programs like “Read and Ride”, experts believe they are a significant contributor. That’s because studies have shown that physical activity stimulates(刺激) brain cells and helps prepare it for learning. As word of the difference made by this easy to execute exercise program spreads, don’t be surprised to find schools across the country adopt “Read and Ride” for their students.
24. What is the new program at Ward Elementary School?
A. Kids sit at desks for long while reading.
   B. Kids exercise balls and read at the gym.
C. Kids ride bikes as they read.
D. Kids do outdoor activities during lessons.
25. How do the students at Ward Elementary School benefit from the program?
A. They exercise with high pressure.
B. They feel reading fun and learn better.
C. They improve their sense of competition.
D. They are instructed to read at the same pace.
26. What can we learn from the last paragraph?
A. The program may be more and more popular.
B. Schools doubt whether the program is available.
C. Physical activities prevent kids from learning more.
D. The school achievement depends wholly on the program.
27. What would be the best title of the passage?
A. “Read and Ride” Program
B. Traditional Teaching Should Be Banned
C. How to Help Kids Focus on Their Studies
D. Kids Need to Release Energy

C
British children’s writer Roald Dahl ate chocolates and sweets “pretty much every mealtime”, remembers daughter Ophelia Dahl.
After dinner, whether dining alone or entertaining guests, Dahl would pass around a little red plastic box full of Mars Bars, Milky Ways, Maltesers, Kit Kats and much more.
 He knew the history of all the sweets and could tell you exactly when they were invented. 1937 was a big year when Kit Kats (his favorite), Rolos, and Smarties (his dog, chopper’s favorite) were invented. He wrote a history of chocolate, lecturing schoolchildren to commit such dates to memory, such as 1928 when “Cadbury’s Fruit and Nut Bar popped up on the scene”, saying. “Don’t bother with the Kings and Queens of England. All of you should learn these dates instead. Perhaps the Headmistress will see from now on that it becomes part of the major teaching in this school.”
According to Dahl, the Golden Years of Chocolate were 1930-1937. In 1930, Roald Dahl was 14 years old. He was a student at Repton, a famous boys’ boarding school in England. It was a tough environment: Those in authority were more interested in controlling than educating the students.
Ironically, it was at this difficult period that chocolate became Dahl’s passion. Near Repton was a Cadbury chocolate factory. Every so often, Cadbury would send each schoolboy a sampler box of new chocolates to taste and grade. They were using the students—“the greatest chocolate bar experts in the world” to test out their new inventions.
This was when Dahl’s imagination took flight. He pictured factories with inventing rooms with pots of chocolate and fudge(软糖) and “all sorts of other delicious fillings bubbling away on the stoves”.
“It was lovely dreaming those dreams… when I was looking for a plot for my second book for children, I remembered those little cardboard boxes and the newly-invented chocolates inside them, and I began to write a book called Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.”
For the record, Roald Dahl did not like chocolate cake or chocolate ice cream. He said, “I prefer my chocolate straight.”
28. What is the purpose of the first paragraph?
A. To introduce the main topic—Roald Dahl.
B. To introduce Dahl’s love for chocolates.
C. To introduce main character’s daily life.
D. To introduce some important characters.
29. What can we infer from the passage about Roald Dahl?
   A. He treated himself with various chocolates after dinner secretly.
   B. He has a good knowledge of chocolate, especially its history.
   C. He used to lecture schoolchildren of a boys’ boarding school.
   D. He only wrote some books related to the history of chocolate.
30. What happened during the Golden Years of Chocolate?
   A. It was a great time for children to get educated.
   B. Those years stopped Dahl’s interest in chocolate.
   C. Students could become chocolate experts then.
   D. Roald Dahl’s passion for chocolate was lit up then.
31. __________ gave Roald Dahl inspiration to write Charlie and the Chocolate Factory.
   A. The dreams about chocolates             B. Factories with chocolate and fudge
   C. Those boxes with chocolates              D. Chocolate cakes and ice cream

D
Congratulations, March, April and May babies, you score high on the hyperthymia scale—which is actually good. Hyperthymia is general optimism—the ability to see every down as a beginning to an up, every market crash as a run-up to a boom. But that comes at a price: spring babies are also easier to be affected by the opposite of hyperthymia: clinical depression. Ground zero for the condition—according to a massive study of 58,000 subjects in the U.K. in 2012—is among people born in May. November babies have the lowest depression rates.
It’s mostly glad news for June, July and August babies. No SAD(Abbreviation for seasonal affective disorder: a medical condition in which a person does not have much energy and enthusiasm during the winter because of the reduced period of natural light. ) for you—at least nothing caused by the light levels after your birth, though there may be some impact from mom having carried you in December, January and February. Summer babies have some of the same hyperthymic characteristics as spring babies, but that can be offset by cyclothymia(躁郁情绪)—rapid cycling between high and low moods. Still, that’s probably not a warning sign of bipolar disorder; bipolar diagnoses are lowest among babies born in August.
For people who believe in astrology(占星术), the general calmness of fall babies seems to provide evidence that at least the sign of Libra—the well-balanced scales—has connection with it. It doesn’t of course, but whether the cause is the abundant nutrients available at harvest time, or the fact that the long nights and seasonal illness of winter have not yet appeared, people born in fall not only enjoy low levels of depression, but are similarly less likely to develop bipolar disorder. The one glitch in the autumn-born: they do have a tendency to irritability.
Buckle up, winter babies, things could get rough. Among the challenges facing people with winter birthdates are higher levels of schizophrenia(精神分裂症), bipolar disorder, SAD and depression. That’s terrible, but there is something to make up for that: winter babies are less irritable than those born in fall. What’s more, according to a small 2015 study of 300 celebrities, January and February are the right months to be born if you want to be famous since those months correlate with creativity and imaginative problem-solving.
32. Which statement is true according to the article?
A. Spring babies are always very happy.      
B. Fewer August babies get bipolar disorder.       
C. Fall babies have the highest depression rates.       
D. Winter babies are the most fortunate.
33. The phrase “Buckle up” in the last paragraph can be replaced by ________.
A. Attention                        B. Don’t worry
C. Congratulations                   D. Don’t give up
34. In which month you should give birth to your baby if you hope he or she is creative?
A. January.                         B. May.
C. August.                          D. November.
35. Which of the following do you think is the best title for this passage?
A. Which is the best birth month?
B. Different birth months, different characters                
C. Give birth to your baby in a proper month
D. Diseases you should pay attention to 

第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Third-Culture Kids
    Did you grow up in one culture, your parents came from another, and you are now living in a totally different country? If so, then you are a third-culture kid!
The term “third-culture kid” (or TCK) was first used in the 1960s by Dr. Ruth. She first came across this phenomenon when she researched North American children living in India. Caught between two cultures, they form their very own.   36    About 90 percent of them have a university degree, while 40 percent pursue a postgraduate or doctor degree. They usually benefit from their intercultural experience, which helps them to grow into successful academics and professionals.
  37   In fact, many hardships may arise from this phenomenon. A third-culture kid may not be able to adapt themselves completely to their new surroundings as expected. Instead, they may always remain an outsider in different host cultures. Max, for example, experienced this feeling of strangeness throughout his life as a third-culture kid.  38  While this can be a way to create a network of friends all around the world, it can be difficult for a third-culture kid like Max to maintain close friendships and relationships.
For a third-culture kid, it is often easier to move to a new foreign country than to return to their “home” country. After living in Australia and South Korea for many years, Louis finally returned to Turkey as a teenager. But she felt out of place when she returned to the country where she was born.  39  She did not share the same values as her friends’ even years after going back home.
While a third-culture kid must let go of their identity as a foreigner when he/she returns, the home country can prove to be more foreign than anything he/she came across before. The peer group they face does not match the idealized(理想化的)image children have of “home”.  40
As a part of the growing “culture”, TCKs may find it a great challenge for them to feel at home in many places.
A. Yet being a third-culture kid is not always easy.
B. In general, they often reach excellent academic results.
C. This often makes it hard for them to form their own identity.
D. However, their parents can help them see the opportunities of a mobile lifestyle.
E. Their experience abroad helps them to understand cultural differences better.
F. Unlike other teens of her age, she didn’t know anything about current TV shows or fashion trends.
G. Additionally, making new friends and saying goodbye to old ones will at some point become routine for a third-culture kid.

第三部分:语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节:完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Years ago, I lost my sight completely. I would do anything for a  41  . In fact, desperate and  42  , I tried every supplement, experimental trial, diet and anything anyone  43  . All for nothing.
But now, after 25 years in physical darkness, my life is  44  than ever. The change began one day, many years ago, when I drank my tea  45  , swallowing gulps(一大口) of “poor me” and wondering what my future would  46  . Then, the doorbell rang. Janet came in and brought an idea. “Have you ever thought about working as a(n)  47  ? ” she said, “You speak Spanish. Go for it.”
Her idea  48  me to make a phone call. And the interpreting company I contacted invited me to take a test. Thank goodness it was  49  .
“We’re so  50  with the results,” the receptionist said the next day, “that we want to send you on your first  51  tomorrow. It’s in the Immigration and Naturalization Court.”
That was the beginning. That was when I began to  52  possibilities when my blindness wouldn’t get  53  . The view of my world had changed. Blindness didn’t have to label me as
 54  . On the contrary, the blindness improved my ability to  55  information and present a quicker and more  56  interpretation.
The letters from judges, praising me for my work,  57  me for the hours I’d spent studying, memorizing, and  58  .
Blindness? Not a barrier any more.  59  , it became a handy  60  to sharpen my creativity. Not only in the courtroom, but at home, in my relationships and in the way I viewed myself.
41. A. method   B. cure   C. suggestion   D. change
42. A. anxious   B. delighted  C. peaceful   D. ashamed
43. A. discovered  B. offered  C. recommended  D. appreciated
44. A. darker   B. brighter  C. harder    D. calmer
45. A. eagerly   B. nervously  C. bravely   D. pitifully
46. A. include   B. need   C. hold    D. share
47. A. assistant  B. applicant  C. teacher   D. interpreter
48. A. advised   B. inspired  C. permitted   D. expected
49. A. oral   B. useful   C. easy    D. written
50. A. moved   B. impressed  C. crazy    D. tolerant
51. A. appointment  B. interview  C. talk    D. assignment
52. A. suffer from  B. leave out  C. focus on   D. recover from
53. A. on the way  B. through  C. in the way   D. over
54. A. effective  B. unproductive C. exhausted   D. uncommon
55. A. memorize  B. check   C. correct    D. share
56. A. fair   B. accurate  C. formal    D. funny
57. A. rewarded  B. awarded  C. informed   D. amazed
58. A. imagining  B. previewing  C. practicing   D. performing
59. A. However  B. Instead  C. Therefore   D. Besides
60. A. handle   B. challenge  C. description   D. tool
第II卷(非选择题,共50分)
第二节:语法填空(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Disposing (处理) of waste has been a problem since humans started producing it. As more and more people choose to live close together in cities, the waste disposal problem becomes ___61___ (increase) difficult. During the 18th century, it was usual for several neighboring towns to get together ___62___ (select) a faraway spot as  a dump site (垃圾场). People ___63___ (transport) household rubbish, rotted wood, and old possessions to the site. Regularly some of the trash was burned and the rest was buried. The ___64___ (pleasant) sights and smells caused no problem because nobody lived close by. Factories, mills (制造厂), and other industrial sites also had waste to be disposed of. Those located on rivers often just dumped the unwanted ____65____ (remain) into the water. Others built huge burners with chimneys to deal with the problem.
Several facts make these choices ___66___ (accept) to modern society. The first problem is space. Dumps, __67__ are now called landfills, are most needed in heavily populated areas. Such areas rarely have empty land suitable for this purpose. The land is ___68___ too expensive or too close to residential neighborhoods. A long distance dump has been a common practice, ___69____ once farm areas are refusing to accept rubbish from elsewhere, cheap land within trucking distance of major city areas is nonexistent.  ___70___ (aware) of pollution dangers has resulted in stricter rules of waste disposal. Pollution of rivers, ground water, land and air is a price people can no longer pay to get rid of waste. The amount of waste, however, continues to grow.

第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1 分,满分10分)
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
  2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。

I was often troubled by lack of confidences.  So I applied for a job at an exhibition as

reporter last term. The exhibition was held annual to display the latest products in the field of

education. At that time, I was responsible for interview parents who bought the learning tools.

While talking with him, I found it was not so hard as I think.  One lady even praised me but

asked her son to learn from me.  I found nothing was more excited than communicating with

people.

From which I have experienced, I am fully aware of that we should take real action if our

personality needs improving.

第二节: 书面表达(满分25 分)
假设你是李华,你的外籍好友Jane在你校举办的汉字拼写大赛中获得一等奖。请你给她写一封信。
内容包括:
1向她表示祝贺;
2.请她介绍语言学习的经验。
注意:
1. 词数120左右;
2. 可适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
3. 开头和结尾已给出, 不计入总数。
参考词汇: 汉字拼写大赛 Chinese Character Spelling Contest
Dear Jane,
________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________________.
                                                   Sincerely yours,
                                                             Li Hua
 
2017-2018高二第二学期英语期末考试 答案:
第一部分 听力 (每小题1.5分,满分30分)
1-5ABACC  6-10BCBBA  11-15ACBAC  16-20CABBC
第二部分 阅读理解(每小题2分,满分40分)
21-23 BBD     24-27 CBAA    
28-31BBDC   32-35: BAAB   36-40: BAGFC
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节, 满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20 小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
41-45 BACBD 46-50 CDBAB 51-55 DCCBA 56-60 BACBD
第二节 语法填空 (每小题1.5分, 满分15分)
61. increasingly      62. to select    63. transported/ would transport         64. unpleasant    
65. remains        66. unacceptable      67. which     68. either   69. but   70. Awareness  
第四部分 写作 (共两节, 满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(每小题1分,满分10分)
I was often troubled by lack of confidences. So I applied for a job at an exhibition as∧
                             confidence                                  a
reporter last term. The exhibition was held annual to display the latest products in the field of
                                  annually
education. At that time, I was responsible for interview parents who bought the learning tools.
                                   interviewing
While talking with him, I found it was not so hard as I think. One lady even praised me but
               them                       thought                      and
asked her son to learn from me. I found nothing was more excited than communicating with
exciting
people.

From which I have experienced, I am fully aware of that we should take real action if our
     what
personality needs improving.
第二节 书面表达 (满分25分)

 

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