2018-2019高二英语上学期第二次双周考试卷(带答案湖北沙市中学)

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2018-2019高二英语上学期第二次双周考试卷(带答案湖北沙市中学)

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来源莲山
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2018—2019学年上学期2017级
第二次双周练英语试卷
 
考试时间:2018年9月27日
第 I 卷
第一部分:听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1.5分,满分7.5分)
  听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从每题所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What will the man do on Saturday evening?
A. Attend a party.   B. Do the cooking.     C. Go cycling.
2. Where are the speakers?
A. In a clothes shop.   B. In a tailor's.      C. In a laundry.
3. How does the man go to work every day?
A. By car.     B. By bus.       C. On foot.
4. What does the man think of his present job?
A. Challenging.      B. Boring.        C. Well-paid.
5. What are the speakers mainly talking about?
A. A photo.       B. A play.        C. A dress.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1.5分,满分22.5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6、7题。
6. Why is the man at the airport?
A. To board a plane.   B. To pick up some passengers.    C. To meet the woman.
7. Which flight has been delayed?
A. The French flight.   B. The Spanish flight.   C. The Italian flight.
听第7段材料,回答第8、9题。
8. Where can the man put his bag?
A. Behind the door.      B. In the locker.    C. On the desk.
9. What should the man do after getting into the exam hall?
A. Find his examination number.
B. Turn off his mobile phone.
C. Show his student ID card.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What will the speakers do during the summer break?
A. Earn some money.    B. Enjoy some arts.      C. Do some shopping.
11. What can the speakers do in Rosemount?
A. Have some nice meals.
B. Find a good variety of local artworks.
C. Buy some paintings and handmade jewellery.
12. Where will the speakers sleep during the summer break?
A. In their house.    B. In a hotel.    C. In a tent.
听第9段材料,回答第13至16题。
13. What kind of club does the woman want to take?
A. The one that has a big number of members.
B. The one that offers many different activities.
C. The one that has a low entry fee.
14. What does the man say about the cross-country cycling club?
A. It has many members.     B. It looks quite interesting.    C. It is too expensive.
15. How much does the film club cost?
A. $15.      B. $30.       C. $50.
16. Which club will the woman probably join?
A. The street dance club.       B. The table tennis club.    C. The film club.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How long does it take the buses to get to the camping area?
A. About 8 hours.   B. About 6 hours.      C. About 2 hours.
18. What will the listeners do first when they arrive at the camping area?
A. Go shopping.   B. Check the e-mails.   C. Set up the tents.
19. What does the speaker advise the listeners to do?
A. Stay in the camp in stormy weather.
B. Listen to the weather report.
C. Prepare clothes for wet weather.
20. What are the listeners probably unable to do in the hills?
A. Ask Mrs. Sanderson questions.
B. Go down to the town.
C. Use their phones.
第二部分:阅读理解(共20小题;每小题2分,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A. B. C和D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Would you stop if you saw a 6-year-old girl alone in a public place?
A social experiment conducted by UNICEF shows how differently people reacted — depending on the girl’s appearance.
The video posted to YouTube on Tuesday features a 6-year-old child actor named Anano. When Anano was dressed in a nice dress and coat, people stopped to ask if she was lost, tried to comfort her and made phone calls on her behalf.
Then makeup artists covered her face with soot and dressed her in dirty sweats and a knit cap. The video shows people walking right past her without a second glance.
UNICEF then repeated the experiment inside a restaurant. When Anono was clean and dressed nicely, diners welcomed her at their tables. Strangers smiled at her, patted her arm and even rubbed her cheeks.
When she returned to the restaurant in the dirty sweats and knit cap, people clutched their purses and bags when she passed by. One man signaled to an employee and asked, “Can you take her out please?”
The video shows Anano running out of the restaurant in tears.
“We stopped the experiment because Anano became too upset,” UNICEF said.
“They were all telling me to go away,” UNICEF quoted the little girl as saying.
“Every day, millions of children living in poverty are ignored, pushed aside and deprived(剥夺) of everything they need to grow up,” UNICEF stated on YouTube. “It doesn’t need to be this way. Our 2016 State of the World’s Children Report is a call to action for the world to treat its least fortunate children the way it treats its luckier children.”   
21. From the video we know that the little girl’s _________ change how strangers treat her.
   A. words  B. behavior   C. manners   D. clothes
22. Why was the experiment stopped half way?
   A. Because too many people stopped to ask if the little girl was lost.
   B. Because her dirty sweaters and cap needed to be washed.
   C. Because people were cold to the little girl and she was very sad.
   D. Because no one ever paid attention to her and bought her a hot drink.
23. What is the purpose of UNICEF’s 2016 State of the World’s Children Report?
   A. To persuade the rich people to donate money for the poor children.
   B. To blame people who show no mercy to others.
   C. To ask the clothes factories to make more beautiful clothes for children.
   D. To call on people to treat the worst-off children equally.
B
Many people believe that the only way to make our communities safer is to build more prisons. But there’s a way to better protect cities and towns by doing just the opposite.
In many countries throughout the world, prison populations have risen suddenly over the past decade. One of the main reasons for this is the large number of repeat offenders; that is people who break the law again once freed from jail. Statistics show that about one in four prisoners freed every year return to jail within three years.
This is partly because ex-prisoners face huge difficulty finding employment. More than a third of them cannot find any job at all. Data show that having a job greatly reduces the chances that a person will commit a crime again or commit one in the first place. Released prisoners who do manage to find steady employment are 50 percent less likely to return to prison. Rather than harming a community, having a job helps ex-prisoners to change their ways and make a positive and productive contribution to their communities.
What’s more, helping these men and women find jobs would also save taxpayers a lot of money. Few prisoners would save governments millions or possibly even billions of dollars annually: the costs of building and operating jails.
There are many things that the government can do to help ex-prisoners find work. More job training programs should be introduced to provide prisoners with work skills before they are freed. Companies and factories should also be given tax benefits if they employ ex-prisoners. Such programs have been shown to work in several countries.
Such policies of course assure that freed criminals actually want to work. But shouldn’t they be given the chance? Our goal, after all, shouldn’t be to incarcerate as many prisoners as possible, but to build a society that doesn’t need to put such a large percentage of its population in jail. We should take a step in that direction and help prisoners find self-respect and purpose through work.
24. What percentage of freed prisoners returns to prison within three years?
   A. 65%   B. 50%    C. 33%     D. 25%
25. Which of the following best describes the content of the fifth paragraph?
A. Facts   B. Arguments   C. Recommendations  D. Requirements
26. What does the underlined word “incarcerate” in the last paragraph?
A. set free   B. lock up   C. employ    D. separate
27. Which of the following would be author agree with?
A. Tougher punishment will reduce crime
B. Most prisoners do not deserve to be in prison
C. Economic conditions are a major cause of crime
D. Prison populations are likely to increase in the future 

C
Did you hear what happened at yesterday’s meeting? Can you believe it? If you find those sorts of quietly whispered questions about your co-workers irresistible(无法抗拒的), you’re hardly alone. But why are we drawn to gossip?
A new study suggests it’s because the rumors are all about us. “Gossip receivers tend to use positive and negative group information to improve, promote, and protect the self,” writes a research team, led by Elena Martinescu of the University of Groningen in the Netherlands. In the journal Personality and Social Psychology Bulletin, the researchers described two experiments testing the personal value gossip receivers get.
The first featured 178 university undergraduates, who had all previously worked on at least one course assignment with a group of four or more students. Participants were asked to recall and write a short description of an incident, in which a group member shared with them either positive or negative information about another group member’s secret. They then reported their level of agreement with a series of statements. Some of these measured the self-improvement value of the gossip(“The information received made me think I can learn a lot from X”); others measured its self-promotion value(“The information I received made me feel that I am doing well compared to X”). Still others measured whether the gossip raised personal concerns(“The information I received made me feel that I must protect my image in the group”).
In the second experiment, 122 undergraduates were assigned the role of “sales agent” at a major company. They received gossip from a colleague that a third person either did very well or very badly at a performance evaluation, and were then asked about the emotions that information caused. They also responded to the above-mentioned set of statements presented to the participants in the first experiment.
In each experiment, participants found both negative and positive gossip to be of personal value with different reasons. “Positive gossip has self-improvement value,” they write. “Competence-related positive gossip about others contains lessons about how to improve one’s own competence(能力). On the other hand, negative gossip has self-promotion value, because it provides individuals with social comparison information that proves self-promoting judgments which results in feelings of pride.” "Contrary to common ideas," the researchers think, "most negative gossip is not intended to hurt the target, but to please the gossiper and receiver."
    In addition, the results “showed that negative gossip brought about self-protection concerns,” the researchers write. “Negative gossip makes people concerned that their fames may be at risk, as they may personally become targets of negative gossip in the future, which produces fear.” Fear is hardly a pleasant sensation(感觉), but it can be a motivating one. As researchers put it: “Gossip conveniently provides individuals with indirect social-comparison information about relevant(相关的) others.”
28. Why are we drawn to gossip according to the researchers?
A. We need evaluative information about others to evaluate ourselves.
B. We are interested in the news that arouses our personal concerns.
C. We tend to gain a sense of pride from judging others.
D. We are likely to learn lessons from others’ mistakes.
29. According to the first experiment, which of the following shows self-promotion value?
A. I’ve done better than Mary according to what Tom said about her.
B. I should behave myself in case of being gossiped about like Mary.
C. I have to learn from Mary according to what Tom said about her.
D. I have no comments on what Tom said about Mary.
30. What’s the key difference of the second experiment compared with the first one?
A. The identities of the participants.
B. The number of the participants studied.
C. The time during which the experiment lasted.
D. The role-play technique used in the experiment.
31. What role does “negative gossip” play according to the researchers?
A. A fear killer.              B. A motivator.
C. A protector.               D. A subject provider.

D
“Beating is a sign of affection,cursing (骂)is a sign of love.”
Many may not expect to hear the words of the old Chinese saying in these modern times—with parents wealthier and better educated than they have ever been—but experts say they still ring true.
Today,it seems,Chinese parents are more likely to send their children to pre­college military(军事的) academies in the United States in the hope that some tough love will pave the way to success.
“Good education doesn't mean letting your children enjoy privileges(特权),especially our boys.” said Song Wenming,an entrepreneur (企业家)in Jinhua,East China's Zhejiang province. “They should be raised in tough conditions to know what to fight for in the future.”
In August,Song sent his 17­year­old son to Valley Forge Military Academy (VFMA) in Pennsylvania. And he is far from alone,even though it takes a lot of money—around $48,000 per year—to send a child to a strict military school.
Statistics show that an increasing number of Chinese students have been entering such academies.
A few years ago,there were no Chinese students at Valley Forge. Today,there are 28.“All of the Chinese students at Valley Forge came from wealthy families;some of them were spoiled.” said Jennifer Myers,director of marketing and communications at the school.
Song's only son,Song Siyu,had a rocky start during his first six weeks at the school. The teenager said he went to the school willingly but did not expect it to be as difficult.
Now,three months later,he has perfected the art of taking a bath in 35 seconds,finishing a meal without looking at his food,and making his bed with precision. He can even take criticism,no matter how unreasonable.
“The training is hard but I know it is good for self­development of individuals.” said Song Siyu. “The endless training and scolding are just ways to build up our character;they are not personal.”
But his enthusiasm is not universal. Ten of the 13 Chinese students who joined the academy this year have transferred to other schools.
But for those who stick with it,there is a reward for all the hard work.
32.From the second paragraph,we can know the old Chinese saying _____________ .
A.is out of date in modern times      B.is disagreed by rich parents
C.is still worth trusting             D.is deeply believed by better educated parents
33.The underlined sentence means that _____________.
A.Song sent his only son to military school,so he feels lonely
B.Song is the only one who sends his child to military school
C.there are other people sending their children to military school besides Song
D.the fee of the military school is so high that only Song can afford it
34.How many Chinese students are there at Valley Forge before this year?
A.10.        B. 13.           C.15.           D.25.
35.Which of the following can be inferred from the passage?
A.It's likely that more and more Chinese students will attend VFMA.
B.Most Chinese parents approve of educating their children by beating and cursing nowadays.
C.Song Siyu had no difficulty in adjusting to the life at VFMA.
D.Most Chinese students support the way of education at VFMA.

第二节 (共 5 小题;每小题 2 分,满分 10 分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为 多余选项。
    Freshmen anywhere may be nervous about university life.Here, three pieces of advice are for them.
Listen but don't be silent
   The world is held in students’ hand via smart phones. Thus, they may consider lecture listening less important. 36  It forces students to face the difficulties of training a deep attentiveness.Unsurprisingly, students find it hard to speak out, ask questions or for points of clarification. They don't want to appear foolish or incapable. However, there is no such thing as a foolish question. Teachers are there to help you understand. This also goes for seminars and workshops. 37
Read and buy books
    38  There're so many useful online sources today, but the habit of reading books, especially whole books, is something being lost. Buy your own books.There are many bargains to be found on used-book websites or through Amazon. Being a book lover and buyer will help any student get the most out of their education.
  39
    As a student, you don't just have to learn to listen and become an active reader: you also have to become an academic writer. Written work at college level cannot be done at the last minute or in a rush. It takes time. Turn to your teachers. If they will read draft essays then make sure you can get feedback(反馈)ahead of the final submission. 40  Students who get feedback on their work always do better than those who do not. It is one of the few educational laws that holds true in all cases.
A. Don't try to do it all the night before.
B. However, a lecture is a listening workout.
C. Thinking clearly cannot be done in a rush.
D. So train your ear, listen carefully, but don't be silent.
E. Reading is the most important thing that any student does.
F. Re-writing has proved to be the turning point in one's degree.
G. If they won't read drafts, then see them to run through your ideas.
第三部分 语言知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
  阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的A、B、C和D四个选项中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项。
    I woke up with a stiff(僵硬的)and painful back this morning. Still, I had 5 dogs waiting patiently by the door to go out for their morning walk, so I   41   bent down, put on their leashes(系狗的皮带), and started to pull my   42   on. When I did, though, I saw that my shoes like my body were showing signs of   43  . The cracks at the foot of my shoes let me know that it wouldn't be too long   44   I would have to replace this pair. I only wished I could   45   my back along with them.
Later after walking the dogs, watching the sunrise and eating breakfast, I was feeling a lot   46   on the inside. My back pain had   47   too and my smile had returned. It was then that I   48   a letter a friend had sent me recently. Inside of it she had posted a delightful   49   of an old, worn-out pair of work boots sitting on the ground by a porch. Their leather was cracked, their soles(鞋底) were torn, and their laces were   50  , but they still looked great   51   inside of them someone had planted a beautiful bunch of Impatiens(凤仙花). The flowers had grown tall and strong   52   their   53   container. This picture   54   me again that while my body may feel like a   55   pair of shoes at times, inside of it was a soul(灵魂) that   56   to grow every day in love, joy, peace, happiness and goodness. 
At some   57   in your life you need to decide who you really are. Are you the body that grows   58   every day or are you the   59   within it that remains forever young? One day the loving spirit   60   you will have to step out of its worn-out pair of shoes and walk on without them. May it bless everyone it meets along the way, heading for its Heavenly Home.
41. A. carelessly   B. hardly    C. slowly    D. frequently
42. A. clothes    B. trousers   C. gloves    D. shoes
43. A. wear    B. beauty    C. improvement  D. strength
44. A. after    B. since    C. before    D. when
45. A. refresh    B. replace   C. resist    D. recognize
46. A. worse    B. easier    C. better    D. sadder
47. A. changed   B. sped up   C. thrown away  D. faded
48. A. remembered   B. searched for  C. obtained   D. took up
49. A. book    B. picture    C. video    D. cupboard
50. A. new    B. missing   C. shiny    D. worn
51. A. now that   B. though    C. because   D. even if
52. A. in need of   B. in face of   C. in memory of  D. in spite of
53. A. curious    B. delighted   C. convenient   D. attractive
54. A. replied    B. reminded   C. regarded   D. encouraged
55. A. worn-out   B. mended   C. exposed   D. sped-up
56. A. refused    B. meant    C. continued   D. afforded
57. A. routine    B. point    C. absence   D. attitude
58. A. younger    B. better-off   C. older    D. worse-off
59. A. soul    B. force    C. courage   D. freedom
60. A. beyond    B. within    C. far from   D. out of
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面短文,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
    A 14-year-old Chinese boy overcame two of humankind's most dreadful fears—getting stuck in an elevator and getting homework 61________(do), in a single night 62________(owe) to his calm-witted character.
 Sun Yixiao was on his way up on Tuesday evening after school, 63________ the lift suddenly came to a stop. A moment of panic followed before the 64________(teenage) could find a way out.
Sun said he tried to open the elevator door, 65________(press) all the buttons in the hope to get the elevator to work again, but it didn’t work.
Without a cell phone at hand, Sun tried yelling to get attention of people outside, but no one responded as time passed by. He slipped a note through the door 66________ the message "people stuck inside, please ask the property management for help," and hoped someone 67________(pick) it up and act on it.
 After exhausting all his options, without knowing how long it would take before someone found him, he took out his textbooks and started to do his homework 68________(patient).
 Soon after he finished his duties, Sun heard loud 69_________(voice) outside. A large crowd including his teachers and other parents had come to the rescue, by which time he 70_________(trap) in the elevator for over five hours.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
    假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
    删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下画一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词。
 2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
This morning I went to a nearby food store to buy some breads. After the man in the store packing the bread in a small bag for me,I began to walk home with bag in my hand. On the way I met my next­door neighbor,Miss Wang,that was walking her dog. We greeted with each other and begin to talk about the weather. As we were talking,his dog came up at the bag in my hand though the bread gave off a delicious smell. As a result,some of the bread fell to the ground or the dog began to enjoy it. Five minutes late,I was back at the store to buy bread again.
第二节 书面表达(25分)
假定你是李华,希望通过外籍教师John找一位英语笔友。请写一封短信,描述一下你理想中笔友的条件,并说明为什么选这样的笔友。具体条件包括:
1. 年龄;2.性别;3.爱好(旅游、运动、养宠物等)。
注意:1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯;
Dear John,
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 
                                                                                 

                                                                   Yours                                               Li Hua

 

 

 

 

 

 

 


 
2018—2019学年上学期2017级
第二次双周练英语答案

听力:  1-5 ACBBA    6-10 BCBAB    11-15 ACCAC  16-20 ABACC
阅读:21-23 DCD    24-27 DCBC    28-31 AADB  32-35 CCDA   36-40 BDEAG
完形:41-45 CDACB 46-50 CDABD 51-55 CDABA 56-60 CBCAB
语法填空:61. done;     62. owing;   63. when;   64. teenager;   65. pressing; 
66. with;   67. would/could pick;    68. patiently     69. voices;    70. had been trapped
短文改错
This morning I went to a nearby food store to buy some breads. After the man in
                                             bread
the store packing the bread in a small bag for me,I began to walk home
       packed
with ∧bag in my hand. On the way I met my next­door neighbor,Miss Wang,
    the
that was walking her dog. We greeted with each other and begin to talk about the
who                           删除             began
weather. As we were talking,his dog came up at the bag in my hand though the  
                        her                      because/as/for /since
bread gave off a delicious smell. As a result,some of the bread fell to the ground

or the dog began to enjoy it. Five minutes late,I was back at the store to buy
and                               later
bread again.

作文
Dear John,
I am writing to ask whether you are able to do me a favor.
I wish to have an English pen friend, hopefully a girl in her early twenties, and with interests similar to mine. In my mind, she is someone who is interested in traveling, swimming, and playing table tennis. Besides, it would be better if she had a pet dog as I have kept one at home for some time. With such a pen friend, I can share with her our experiences in traveling, taking care of pets, or whatever we have in common. And I believe, with time going by, I will improve my English by doing so and learn more about her country and English culture.
I would appreciate it if you could introduce such a pen friend to me. I’m looking forward to hearing from you soon.
Best regards!
                                                               Yours,
                                                               Li Hua

 

 

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