2017届高考英语第八次模拟考试题(山东省含答案)

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2017届高考英语第八次模拟考试题(山东省含答案)

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w.5 Y K J.Com 2014级高三第八次模拟考试
英语试题
(考试时间:120分钟  总分:150分)
本试卷分第I卷(选择题)和第II卷(非选择题)两部分。考试结束后,将本试卷和答案卡一并交回。
注意事项: 1.答第I卷前考生务必将自己的姓名、准考证号填写在答题卡上。
             2.选出每小题答案前,用2B铅笔把答题卡上对应题目的答案标号涂黑。如需改动, 用橡皮擦干净后, 再选涂其他答案标号框, 不能答在本试卷上,否则无效。
第I卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题;每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. What are the speakers doing?
A. Working.      B. Jogging.       C. Having a drink.
2. What made the man so worried?
A. The exam.     B. The paper.      C. His teacher.
3. How long will the man stay in France?
A. Five weeks.     B. Three days.      C. Two days.
4. What was wrong with Jack?
A. He had a fever.    B. He was in hospital.     C. He was late for work.
5. Why was the man late for work?
A. He was in an accident.   
B. His car was being repaired.   
C. He couldn't get his car going.
第二节(共15小题;每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)
 听下面5段对话或对白,每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置,听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题。每小题5秒钟;听完后,各小题给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6段材料,回答第6至8题。
6. How many most beautiful subways are there on the earth?
A. Nine.      B. Nineteen.      C. Eight.
7. When did the woman go to Shanghai?
A. Two days ago.     B. Last week.       C. Last month.
听第7段材料,回答第8至9题。
8. What can we learn from the conversation?
A. The boss left very early.
B. The speakers enjoyed themselves at the party.
C. The man regretted having invited his wife's boss.
9. What is the boss like?
A. Nice.      B. Impolite.       C. Shy.
听第8段材料,回答第10至12题。
10. What does the man want to sell?
A. Furniture.     B. Garden supplies.     C. An apartment.
11. Why does the man want to sell his belongings?
A. He needs money.    B. He is moving.      C. He likes new things.
12. How is the man going to pay?
A. By check.     B. In cash.       C. By credit card.
听第9段材料,回答第13至1 6题。
13. What's the relationship between Mary and John?
A. Classmates.     B. Mother and son.     C. Brother and sister.
14. What is John doing?
A. Putting his shoes on.  B. Making a telephone call.   C. Getting ready to go to school.
15. How does John go to school?
A. By taxi.      B. By bus.       C. By bike.
16. How many people are there in Mary's family?
A. Three.      B. At least five.      C. No more than four.
听第10段材料,回答第17至20题。
17. How can people avoid forgetting things according to the speaker?
A. By keeping a diary.   B. By making a schedule.   C. By being reminded by others.
18. What does “a master schedule” mean?
A. A schedule made for yourself.
B. A schedule made for your boss.
C. A schedule with all important things and the time to use.
19. How many different schedules are mentioned?
A. One.      B. Two.       C. Three.
20. What can you use your daily schedule to do?
A. Plan time well.    B. Achieve short-term goals.   C. Achieve long-term goals.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,每小题2分,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
Soon enough, we will lose some of the most amazing sites on Earth!
  The Great Barrier Reef---Rising air temperatures will cause sea temperatures to rise as well. All life supported by the oceans will be affected with this shock to their ecosystem. Coral are some of the most vulnerable marine animals and we are already watching whole reefs disappear. The Great Barrier Reef in Australia is no exception and will continue to shrink as the temperatures rise! These reefs are some of the best in the world for diving, but they will soon disappear!
  Venice---Sprawing across(横跨)hundreds of small islands in Northeast Italy, Venice is at extreme risk of sinking into the Adriatic Sea. Rising sea levels are in fact a serious threat to many coastal cities located at sea level. Lucky for us, however, Venice is developing a series of sea walls to protect the city in times of high tide.
  Glacier(冰川)National Park---Glacier National Park was once covered by over 150 glaciers, but by 2005 it only had about 27! Located in Montana, Canada, this park is over a million acres and has a huge plant and wildlife population. As temperatures rise, the glaciers and ice melt, which will upset the ecosystems sustaining over a thousand plant species and hundreds of animals.
The Amazon---The cause behind the disappearance of these fantastic places ultimately comes down to humans. Our expansion usually requires cutting down forests for land, fuel and materials, but rarely considers the consequences. These forests are sources of food and medicine for just about everyone on the planet!
  What will happen if we lose these valuable places and beautiful destinations?!
21. According to the text, what is causing coral’s death?
   A. Rising sea levels
   B. Humans’ diving activities
   C. Rising sea temperatures
   D. The shrinkage(缩小)of their habitats
22. What can we infer from the part of “Venice”?
   A. Venice is the only coastal city of Italy
   B. Many places are in the risk of sinking below the sea level
   C. Venice will never sink because of the protection of sea walls
   D. Italy consists of hundreds of small islands in the Adriatic Sea
23. What can we learn about Glacier National Park from the text?
   A. It covers a large area in Montana
   B. It is covered by over 150 glaciers
   C. Plant species and animals in it have died out
   D. It doesn’t support any living thing for its cold
24. Which site’s shrinking reason differs from the other sites?
A. The Great Barrier Reef      B. Venice     
C. Glacier National Park       D. The Amazon
B
Many a young person tells me that he wants to be a writer. I always encourage such people, but I also explain that there’s a big difference between “being a writer” and writing. In most cases these individuals are dreaming of wealth and fame, not the long hours alone at a typewriter. “You’ve got to want to write, “I say to them, “not want to be a writer.”
The reality is that writing is a lonely, private and poor-paying affair. For every writer kissed by fortune there are thousands more whose longing is never rewarded. When I left a 20-year career in the U.S. Coast Guard to become a freelance writer, I had no prospects at all: what I did have was a friend who found me my room in a New York apartment building. I immediately bought a used manual typewriter and left like a genuine writer.
After a year or so, however, I still hadn’t gotten a break and began to doubt myself. It was so hard to sell a story that barely made enough to eat. But I knew I wanted to write. I had dreamed about it for years. I wasn’t going to be one of those people who die wondering, what if? I would keep putting my dream to the test---even though it meant living with uncertainty and fear of failure. This is the shadowland of hope, and anyone with a dream must learn to live there.
25. The passage is meant to ______.
A. warn young people of the hardships that a successful writer has to experience
B. advise young people to give up their idea of becoming a professional writer
C. show young people it’s unrealistic for a writer to pursue wealth and fame
D. encourage young people to pursue a writing career
26. “…people who die wondering, what if?” (Para.3) refers to “those ________”.
A. who think too much of the dark side of life
B. who regret giving up their career halfway
C. who think a lot without making a decision
D. who are full of imagination even upon death
27. “shadowland” in the last sentence refers to _______.
A. the wonderland one often dreams about
B. the bright future that one is looking forward to
C. the state of uncertainty before one’s final goal is reached
D. a world that exists only in one’s imagination
C
Priscilla Ouchida’s “energy-efficient” house turned out to be a horrible dream. When she and her engineer husband married a few years ago, they built a $100,000, three-bedroom home in California. Tightly sealed to prevent air leaks, the house was equipped with small double-paned windows and several other energy-saving features. Problems began as soon as the couple moved in, however. Priscilla’s eyes burned. Her throat was constantly dry. She suffered from headaches and could hardly sleep. It was as though she had suddenly developed a strange illness.
  Experts finally traced the cause of her illness. The level of formaldehyde(甲醛)gas in her kitchen was twice the maximum allowed by federal standards for chemical workers. The source of the gas? Her new kitchen cupboards and wall-to-wall carpeting.
The Ouchidas are victims of indoor air pollution, which is not given sufficient attention partly because of the nation’s drive to save energy. The problem itself isn’t new. “The indoor environment was dirty long before energy conservation came along,” says Moschandreas, a pollution scientist at Geomet Technologies in Maryland. “Energy conservation has tended to accentuate the situation in some cases.”
The problem appears to be more troublesome in newly constructed homes rather than old ones. Back in the days when energy was cheap, home builders didn’t worry much about unsealed cracks. Because of such leaks, the air in an average home was replaced by fresh outdoor air about once an hour. As a result, the pollutants generated in most households seldom build up to dangerous levels.
28. It can be learned from the passage that the Ouchidas’ house _______.
   A. is well worth the money spent on its construction
   B. is almost perfect from the point of energy conservation
   C. failed to meet energy conservation standards
   D. was designed and constructed in a scientific way
29. What made the Ouchidas’ new house a horrible dream?
   A. Lack of fresh air.
   B. Poor quality of building materials.
   C. Gas leakage in the kitchen.
   D. The newly painted walls
30. Why were cracks in old houses not a big concern?
   A. Because indoor cleanness was not emphasized.
   B. Because they were technically unavoidable.
   C. Because environmental protection was more important.
   D. Because energy used to be inexpensive.
31. This passage is most probably taken from an article entitled “_______”.
   A. Energy Conservation
   B. Houses Building Crisis
   C. Air Pollution Indoors
   D. Traps in Building Construction
D
Millions of people visit Yosemite National Park every year to see the tall waterfalls and mountains. The mountains are a splendid sight when viewed from the valley floor. Lots of stores, hotels, and restaurants are needed to handle the crowds. Also, water, roads, and other service systems are part of the infrastructure(基础设施) that must be maintained .
Unfortunately, these systems are starting to break down. It’s not just in Yosemite but in national parks around the nation. Yosemite is thirty years old according to Dennis Galvin, a National Park Service worker. The park is not only old but worn out. Two or three times as many visitors come every year. That is too many visitors for the park to deal with.
Four years ago a storm washed out a water pipeline in the Grand Canyon. The National Park Service had to send water trucks to provide water for the visitors. Last month pipes almost broke again and roads had to be closed for a while.
Why hasn’t the National Park Service kept up the park repairs? There is a lack of money. The United States has 378 monuments, parks, and wilderness areas. Between three and four billion dollars are needed for repairs.
Yosemite is one national park that does have money for repairs. It has two hundred million dollars but cannot spend it any way it chooses. When the park workers started widening the road, they were forced to stop by the Sierra Club. The club claimed that the road work was damaging the Merced River that runs through the park.
A Sierra Club lawyer, Julia Olson, feels that the infrastructure needs to be moved out of Yosemite. That way less pressure will be put on the already crowded park.
32.According to the text, the mountains in Yosemite look splendid when they are appreciated from _____.
A.the bottom of the valleys  B.the top of the mountains
C.the side of the mountains  D.the edge of the valleys
33.National parks like Yosemite in the U.S. find it increasingly difficult to meet the need of visitors because _____.
A.their transport management needs improving
B.they spend too much on their service systems
C.their service systems frequently go out of order
D.they need help from environmental organizations
34.The main problem of Yosemite National Park is its _____.
A.rundown water pipes  
B.over crowdedness   
C.lack of money      
D.narrow roads
35.According to the text, the Sierra Club is most likely to be _____.
A.an environmental group  
B.an information center 
C.a travel service     
D.a law firm
第二节(共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
Every living thing has genes. Genes carry information.     36      They make sure that humans give birth to humans and cows give birth to cows. However, genetic engineers take genes from one species— for example, a snake, and transfer them to another — for example, corn.      37      Such new life forms have been described, by some scientists as a real-life Frankenstein.
Genetic engineers put duck genes into chicken to make the chickens bigger. They put hormones(激素) into cows to make them produce more milk. They put genes from flowers into beans and from fish into tomatoes.      38      It just makes them easier and faster for the farmer to grow.
The effects of genetic engineering on the natural world may be disastrous. The engineers may create strange life beings or monsters that we cannot control.      39      They’ll have to find one, fight for one, or kill for one. It may be your land they fight for, or you that they kill. Moreover, the effects of these experiments can often be cruel. In America, pigs were given human genes to make them bigger and less fatty. The experiment failed. The pigs became very ill and began to lose their eyesight.
We would all like a better, healthier and longer life, and genetic engineering might give us this. On the other hand, it may be a dangerous experiment with nature. In the story of Frankenstein, the doctor created such a terrible and dangerous monster that he had to destroy it.      40    
A. The information tells us what to do or what not to do.
B. We must make sure that this tale remains a story —— and no more than that.
C. This doesn’t make them cheaper, tastier, or healthier.
D. The new life forms have no natural habitat or home.
E. Then they feed the tomatoes to the fish.
F. In this way, a new life form is created.
G. They are passed on from generation to generation.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,每小题1.5分,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C、D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
“Paul must have been trying to carry his waste paper to garbage can and dropped a few pieces.” I  41  picking them up.   42   later I found more pieces. No quiet sighing this time. I   43  ,“Who is throwing garbage?” No answer. Instead, I saw more bits of paper silently floating  44  from upstairs. Looking up, I saw my seven-year-old son, Paul.
“Stop making a mess.” “It’s not a mess. They’re   45  .” “Sorry, what did you say?” I hadn’t heard him clearly.
He didn’t answer me. Paul has autism (自闭症) and   46  answers a question, especially when he’s   47   attentively on something else. He ran down the stairs. “Where are my other butterflies?” he asked,  48   around. Every time Paul   49    five or more words together, my heart says a   50   of thanks. But lately he seems to   51   that the benefits of forming complete sentences when communicating are   52   of the effort.
Butterflies. Of course. I rushed to  53   them from the garbage,  54   them off and handed them to my young artist. “Want to see them   55   again?” he asked with a shy smile. “Oh yes! They’re beautiful.” I whispered. He ran back upstairs to float his   56  down again. They really did look like beautiful butterflies.
That day Paul   57   me to look up at  58   instead of down at garbage. How many other masterpieces do I miss because I’m too caught up in my   59   to take time to appreciate what’s right in front of me? Life is not what happens to us. It’s   60  we look at it. Now, I look up.
41. A. laughed   B. sighed    C. amazed   D. shouted
42. A. Days   B. Years    C. Moments   D. Weeks
43. A. called out  B. turned up   C. got in    D. added to
44. A. up     B. down     C. away      D. off
45. A. planes   B. papers    C. leaves    D. butterflies
46. A. rarely   B. frequently   C. willingly   D. eagerly
47. A. devoted   B. depended   C. focused   D. addicted
48. A. showing  B. looking   C. playing   D. drawing
49. A. spells   B. puts    C. pushes    D. accumulates
50. A. sound   B. remark    C. report    D. prayer
51. A. refuse   B. hear     C. mind     D. realize
52. A. worthy   B. aware     C. fond     D. typical
53. A. hide    B. destroy   C. rescue    D. remove
54. A. tore    B. dusted    C. cut      D. seized
55. A. throw   B. flow     C. land     D. fly
56. A. masterpieces  B. schoolwork   C. inventions   D. imagination
57. A. reminded   B. forced     C. intended     D. permitted
58. A. mistakes   B. weaknesses   C. beauty     D. scenery
59. A. amusement  B. housework   C. communication  D. homework
60. A. when     B. whether     C. where     D. how
第二节(共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式
Chinese teahouses are the traditional ancient cafes of the east for getting together,  61  (chat) with friends and generally passing the time. The teahouse has become a place for people to not only drink tea and relax,    62    experience Chinese culture, hold social activities, host private parties and conduct business     63     (negotiate).
The teahouse recreates the character of old Beijing,    64    makes it a must for foreigners, who, from around the world, come to China     65     (appreciate) Beijing Opera, drama and other Beijing folk art, as well as drink tea. Jasmine tea is the favorite of many old Beijingers, who love     66    (it) pure, clear taste and strong fragrance. It’s     67     (absolute) on the menu at the Lao She Teahouse.
Dawan tea is just as famous     68     the long-spouted (长壶嘴的) teapot. It     69     (say) that the founder of Lao She Teahouse started his business by serving Dawan tea for just two     70     (cent) each. And today it’s the only teahouse still serving Dawan tea at such a low price, though there’s no profit in it.
第四部分写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节 短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请您修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。每处错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜钱(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:
1. 每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Jinan is facing seriously traffic problems. Too much cars travel on the roads. This heavy traffic causes delays and the plenty of air pollution. Besides Jinan, many cities in China have traffic problems and Beijing is the worse one. One of the reason why there is so much traffic is because only a small number of people use public transportation.
In my opinion, one way to solve the traffic problems was to encourage people to make use public transportation systems. For example, people can take buses instead of drive cars. Meanwhile, the government should take measures to make them more reliable and convenient to travel by bus.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假设你是李华,英语外教Thomas先生即将回国。请你代表全班用英语写一封信,内容包括:
1. 表达感激之情;  
2. 回忆学习和生活两方面的收获;  
3. 表达不舍与祝福。
注意:1. 词数100左右;  
  2. 可以适当增加细节,以使行文连贯。
Dear Thomas,
                                             
    Yours,
Li Hua
山东师大附中高三年级第八次模拟考试英语参考答案
听力理解
1-5BBACC         6-10ACCBA      11-15BBCCB       16-20BBCCA
阅读理解
CBAD  ABC  BADC  ACBA  七选五 GFCDB
完型填空
41-45 BCABD   46-50 ACBBD    51-55 DACBD     56-60 AACBD
语法填空
61. chatting 62. but   63. negotiations  64. which   65. to appreciate
66. its  67. absolutely  68. as   69. is said  70. cents
短文改错
Jinan is facing seriously traffic problems. Too much cars travel on the roads. This heavy
                 serious                   many
traffic causes delays and the plenty of air pollution. Besides Jinan, many cities in China have 
 
traffic problems and Beijing is the worse one. One of the reason why there is so much traffic is
                            worst             reasons
because only a small number of people use public transportation.
that
In my opinion, one way to solve the traffic problems was to encourage people to make use ∧
                                               is                            of
public transportation systems. For example, people can take buses instead of drive cars.
                                                                driving
Meanwhile, the government should take measures to make them more reliable and convenient to
                                                 it
travel by bus.
参考范文
 Dear Thomas,
 I’m Li Hua, the monitor in your class. Learning that you will return to your country soon, I’m writing to express our sincere gratitude to you on behalf of all my classmates.
 First, we’ve been very fortunate to have you as our English teacher in the past two years. And we do appreciate everything you have done for us. Second, under your considerate and patient guidance, we have made obvious progress in both English learning and school life. All the students enjoy your teaching and instruction. Your humorous stories, big smiles and encouraging words have already rooted in our memories. Last but not least, we wish you a pleasant journey and a happy life forever. We will miss you!
 Thanks again, Mr. Thomas. 文章来 源
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