2018届高考英语总复习真题研练58(附答案和解释)

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2018届高考英语总复习真题研练58(附答案和解释)

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w.5 Y K J.Com 真题研练58
 
Task 1:阅读下列短文,从每题所给的A、B、C、D四个选项中,选出最佳选项。
(2015•北京,A)
The Boy Made It!
One Sunday,Nicholas,a teenager,went skiing at Sugarloaf Mountain in Maine.In the early afternoon,when he was planning to go home,a fierce snowstorm swept into the area.Unable to see far,he accidentally turned off the path.Before he knew it,Nicholas was lost,all alone!He didn't have food,water,a phone,or other supplies.He was getting colder by the minute.
Nicholas had no idea where he was.He tried not to panic.He thought about all of the survival shows he had watched on TV.It was time to put the tips he had learned to use.
He decided to stop skiing.There was a better chance of someone finding him if he stayed put.The first thing he did was to find shelter from the freezing wind and snow.If he didn't,his body temperature would get very low,which could quickly kill him.
Using his skis,Nicholas built a snow cave.He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle.Then he piled branches on top of himself,like a blanket,to stay as warm as he could.
By that evening,Nicholas was really hungry.He ate snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn't lose too much water.Not knowing how much longer he could last,Nicholas did the only thing he could—he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept.
The next day,Nicholas went out to look for help,but he couldn't find anyone.He followed his tracks and returned to the snow cave,because without shelter,he could die that night.On Tuesday,Nicholas went out again to find help.He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him.After two days stuck in the snow,Nicholas was saved.
Nicholas might not have survived this snowstorm had it not been for TV.He had often watched Grylls' survival show Man vs.Wild.That's where he learned the tips that saved his life.In each episode (一期节目) of Man vs. Wild,Grylls is abandoned in a wild area and has to find his way out.
When Grylls heard about Nicholas' amazing deeds,he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.
【语篇解读】 本文是一篇记叙文,一个小男孩在暴风雪中迷了路,但他不畏艰难,利用在电视中学到的野外生存知识逃脱了困境。
1.What happened to Nicholas one Sunday afternoon?
A.He got lost.
B.He broke his skis.
C.He hurt his eyes.
D.He caught a cold.
答案 A [细节理解题。由第一段中的“Before he knew it,Nicholas was lost,all alone!”可知Nicholas在滑雪时突遇暴风雪而迷路了。选A。]
2.How did Nicholas keep himself warm?
A.He found a shelter.
B.He lighted some branches.
C.He kept on skiing.
D.He built a snow cave.
答案 D [细节理解题。由第四段中的“Nicholas built a snow cave”和“to stay as warm as he could”可知,Nicholas为了保持自己体温不降低,建了一个雪洞。选D。]
3.On Tuesday,Nicholas ________.
A.returned to his shelter safely
B.was saved by a searcher
C.got stuck in the snow
D.stayed where he was
答案 B [细节理解题。由第六段中的“He had walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him.”可知星期二,当Nicholas走出大约一英里的地方时一位自愿搜寻者找到了他。选B。]
4.Nicholas left Grylls a very deep impression because he ________.
A.did the right things in the dangerous situation
B.watched Grylls' TV program regularly
C.created some tips for survival
D.was very hard­working
答案 A [推理判断题。由最后一段中的“...he was super impressed that Nicholas had made it since he knew better than anyone how hard Nicholas had to work to stay alive.”可知,Grylls这个人想表达Nicholas能在如此困难的情况下活下来是非常了不起的。选A。]
Task 2:词汇积累
1.accidentally  adv.意外地;偶然地
2.survival n.残存,幸存
3.shelter n.庇护;避难所
4.freezing adj.冰冻的;严寒的
5.branch  n.树枝;支流
6.stay out 留在原处不动
7.abandon v.放弃
8.volunteer  n.志愿者
Task 3:语法填空
__1__ (use) his skis,Nicholas built a snow cave.He gathered a huge mass of snow and dug out a hole in the middle.Then he piled __2__ (branch) on top of himself,like a blanket,to stay as warm __3__ he could.
By that evening,Nicholas was really hungry.He __4__ (eat) snow and drank water from a nearby stream so that his body wouldn't lose too much water.Not __5__ (know) how much longer he could last,Nicholas did the only thing __6__  he could—he huddled (蜷缩) in his cave and slept.
答案 1.Using 2.branches 3.as 4.ate 5.knowing  6.that
Task 4:单句改错
1.He walked for about a mile when a volunteer searcher found him.
2.Used his skis,Nicholas built a snow cave.
3.If he didn't,his body temperature would get very low,that could quickly kill him.
4.After two days sticking in the snow,Nicholas was saved.
答案 1.walked前加had 2.Used→Using 3.that→which 4.sticking→stuck
Task 5:攻克长难句(分析句子结构,尝试翻译成汉语)
In the early afternoon,when he was planning to go home,a fierce snowstorm swept into the area.
分析:这是一个主从复合句,when he was planning to go home为时间状语从句,a fierce snowstorm swept into the area为主句。
译文:在下午早些时候,当他正计划回家时,一场凶猛的暴风雪涌入了这一地区。
Task 6:经典句式背诵
1.The first thing he did was to find shelter from the freezing wind and snow.
他做的第一件事就是找到避难处躲避冰冷的风和雪。
2.After two days stuck in the snow,Nicholas was saved.
困在雪中两天后,Nicholas 得救了。
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