2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(葫芦岛市附答案)

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2018届高三英语上学期期末考试试卷(葫芦岛市附答案)

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辽宁葫芦岛市2018届高三上学期期末考试
英语试题
第I卷
第一部分 听力(共两节,满分30分)
第一节(共5小题:每小题1. 5分,满分7. 5分)
听下面5段对话。每段对话后有一个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听完每段对话后,你都有10秒钟的时间来回答有关小题和阅读下一小题。每段对话仅读一遍。
1. When are the two speakers going to the school?
A. On Saturday's morning,
B. On Sunday's afternoon.
C. On Saturday's afternoon.
2. Where does the man come from?
A. America.       B. England.       C. Japan.
3. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Not smoke 'so heavily.
B. Give up smoking
C. Take more exercise.
4. What is the woman looking for?
A. A friend's house.     B. A restaurant.      C. A single room for night.
5. When does the Boeing747 leave for New York?
A. At 8:05      B. At 8:45.      C. At 8:55.
第二节(共15小题:每小题1. 5分,满分22. 5分)
听下面5段对话或独白。每段对话或独白后有几个小题,从题中所给的A、B、C三个选项中选出最佳选项,并标在试卷的相应位置。听每段对话或独白前,你将有时间阅读各个小题,每小题5 秒钟; 听完后,各小题将给出5秒钟的作答时间。每段对话或独白读两遍。
听第6 段材料,回答第6 至第7 题。
6. What will the two speakers do this weekend?
A. See a science fiction film.
B. Go dancing at the Friendship Hotel.
C. Have a meal in a Sichuan restaurant.
7. How much will the two speakers spend on the film?
A. ¥9.        B. ¥6.        C. ¥3.
听第7 段材料,回答第8至第9 题。
8. Where is the man's new home?
A. In a 38-story building near the subway station.
B. In a 38-story building near the railway station.
C. In a 37-story building near the railway station.
9. What does the man usually do as a good exercise?
A. Go up and down the building on foot.
B. Climb mountains.
C. Climb up and down half of the stairs without using the lift.
听第8 段材料,回答第10至第12题。
10. What does the woman want to do?
A. Take a few days off.     B. See a doctor.      C. Visit her mother.
11. What's the woman?
A. A journalist       B. A teacher.       C. A student.
12. How soon will the woman be back?
A. Next Thursday.      B. Next Wednesday.     C. Next Friday.
听第9段材料,回答第13至第16题。
13. When did the man meet the dentist?
A. At 10:30 a.m.     B. At 10:00 a. m.      C. At 10:40 a. m.
14. Where did the man go after seeing the dentist?
A. Go home.       B. Go to class.      C. Go to a department store.
15. Where did the man probably lose the wallet?
A. In the dentist's.      B. On the counter.      C. We don't know.
16. What does the woman suggest the man do?
A. Call the police.      B. Return to the dentist's.    C. Put up a notice.
听第10段材料,回答第17至第20题。
17. What is popular according to the passage?
A. Shows.       B. Cocktail.       C. Gambling.
18. What should you do if you want to see a show?
A. Buy tickets in advance.
B. Arrive the theatre early.
C. Ask a friend to go with.
19. When's the best time to arrive at a cocktail party?
A. Twenty minutes late.
B. On time.
C. Ten minutes late.
20. What should you do when you talk to others af a cocktail party?
A. Look into their eyes.
B. Give each person at least a few minutes.
C. Never talk about yourself.
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节(共15小题:每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下列短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C 和D) 中,选出最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
A
The Terracotta Army Museum is one of the must-visit attractions for all travelers to China. The attraction is located in Xi'an, in west China's Shanxi Province.
What's special?
The terracotta Army is the buried army of Qin Shi Huang, an ancient Chinese emperor. These ancient sculptures were built and buried over two thousand years ago near the city of Xi'an. They were discovered in 1974 by farmers digging a well looking for underground water. Over a thousand terracotta warriors and horses have been uncovered since then. Each warrior is made of clay (泥土). They are around two meters tall. The sculptures are so detailed that it is possible to guess the age, rank and personality of each one. None of the soldiers are the same.
The best time to visit
The Terracotta Army is an indoor attraction, which is not likely to be affected by weather, so it can be visited all year round.
As the Terracotta Army Museum is one of the must-visit attractions in China, it is crowded most of the time. We advise our customers to avoid the following periods when the museum is particularly crowded:
 National Day holiday(October 1-7), when it is fully packed.
 Labour Day holiday(May 1-3)
Weather in winter is dry, cold and the least comfortable, and it's also the worst season for air quality, but it's also low season.
Travel style: private, group or independent?
A private tour means a lo of flexibility and you will be well taken care of by a private guide and driver. The museum is crowded most of the time, but our guides know how to escape the crowds, and help our customers to enjoy more in the museum. See our 3-Day Terracotta Warriors Private Tour.
Going with a group you won't get lost, but i lacks flexibility and personal service.
Travelling on your own you may meet a lot of trouble, such as wasting time on finding a taxi or public bus to the attraction, lining up for tickets, reading maps, making sense of Chinese signs, etc.
21. The Terracotta Army         .
A. was discovered by farmers when doing farm work
B. is a great underground army buried 1000 years ago
C. was made of clay with clearly recognized characteristics
D. has all been unearthed since its discovery in 1974
22. Which is the leas crowded season to visit the Terracotta Army?
A. All the year round.
B. Clear winter days.
C. Labour Day holiday.
D. National Day Holiday.
23. If you want to travel freely with least trouble, you should choose         .
A. a family tour
B. a tourist group
C. travel on your own
D. a private tour
B
Banker Chip Paillex had never planted so much until he moved to the countryside in Pittstown, New Jersey, seven years ago. Surrounded by working farms, he quickly became interested in the grow-it-yourself idea and rented a piece of 30-by-30-foot land. He planted tomatoes, eggplants and other vegetable—enough to feed his family of four for the summer. He ended up with so much produce; he couldn't give it away. He found a local food factory and donated 120 pounds of fresh vegetables.
The following year, with a handful of volunteers and a memorable name—America's Grow-a-Row, Paillex harvested 1, 500 pounds of fresh vegetables, all of which he donated to area food banks--places that give food to poor people. Soon Paillex had a hundred volunteers and needed more land. He visited Meredith and Jeremy Compton, who farm Peaceful Valley Orchards in Pittstown. Could he work their land?
“I guess we were feeling honored, " says Meredith. Not only do the Comptons welcome Grow-a-Row volunteers, they also work on the land.
What began with a few empty fields has turned into a large local farm. This year, Grow-a-Row will deliver about 250, 000 pounds of fresh produce to food banks. Their secret for getting all of this done? Family power. " Each week, a couple of families ‘own' the garden, " says Paillex." They water, pick, and deliver, and then hand it off on Sunday night to the next group of families."
Paillex also welcomed local school kids. On a Friday morning in May, some kids worked on a field. "We' re growing food, " one fifth grader said proudly.
"The program shows kids that there are people in need, " says Paillex. “When these kids become tomorrow's leaders, they'll be much more likely to encourage their co-workers or employees to get involved in something like this. “
"Chip makes people want to help, " says Colleen Duerr, a mother of two. "And families love this. Chip has given us a way to raise our kids with a giving heart. "
24. Why did Chip start growing vegetables in Pittstown?
A. He was deeply attracted by planting.
B. Farmers there encouraged him to do so.
C. He wanted to offer food to the local food factory.
D. There were very few fresh vegetables on the market.
25. After a year's planting, Chip         .
A. set up more food banks sin the area
B. persuaded many people to help him on the land
C. won great support from more people
D. helped save many people from being poor
26. How can Grow-a-Row manage to produce so much food?
A. School children play the most active part.
B. Schools and families divide the work equally.
C. The work is divided into separate small tasks.
D. Families take turns to look after the garden.
27. What's the best title for the text?
A. American Farms
B. Paillex—The Producers
C. Way of Planting
D. Chip's Country Life
C
A Japanese company, Next Technology, has created a robot dog that can tell you how bad your feet smell, by using a powerful sensor fixed in its nose. If you feet don’t have a bad smell. Hana-chan will happily wag its tail, if it's exposed to feet that are mildly smelly, it'll start to bark, and if they give off an extremely bad smell, it'll just fall over like the smell caused it to faint(昏倒).
Foot odor (脚臭) is a big deal in Japan, where it’s a custom for people to take off their shoes whenever they enter someone's home. In fact, exposing others to bodily odors can be considered annoyance in Japan. Some of the most brilliant minds in the country's tech industry have been trying to solve this problem. Last year, Thanko started selling axmpit (腋窝) fans designed to keep people's armpits nice and dry Now, we have Hana-chan.
The robot dog has a special sensor for a nose, and can tell you if your feet smell just by sniffing them for a few seconds. According to some media reports, Hana-chan can help solve the problem of extremely smelly feet by spraying them with air freshener, but it's unclear whether this feature comes built-in, or if you'll have to pay extra for it.
According to researchers at NextTechnology, the idea for Hana-chan was inspired by a person who desperately wanted some way to know if his feet smelled. "He told us his daughter had said his feet were smelly, " NextTechnology's Kimika Tsuji said. “But he didn't want to know how bad the odor was because he would feel hurt. That's why we developed this cute robot. "
You may be able to make Hana-chan faint with your smelly feet, but it can have the same effect on budget-conscious people. NextTechnology plans to start selling the feet-smelling robot dog for ¥100, 000 ($9, 280) next May.
28. Under what condition will Hana-chan bark?
A. When its nose is fixed with a sensor.
B. When it wags its tail.
C. When it detects mildly smelly feet.
D. When something is wrong with its nose.
29. Why is foot odor paid great attention to in Japan?
A. Because Japanese have strong bodily odors.
B. Because Japanese are usually barefooted at others' home.
C. Because Japanese are especial considerate of others.
D. Because its tech industry is highly developed.
30. What can be inferred about Hana-chan from the text?
A. It has a built-in air freshener sprayer.
B. It's already available in the market.
C. Its idea comes from Kimika Tsuji.
D. I can recognize foo odor quickly.
31. What does the underlined part in the last paragraph imply?
A. Hana-chan is no cheap thing
B. People should mind their smelly feet.
C. People should be careful about their budget.
D. Hana-chan makes people loosen their budget.
D
Crown shyness (树冠羞避) is a mysterious natural phenomenon in which the crowns of some tree species do not touch each other, but get separated by a gap clearly seen from ground level. The effect usually occurs between trees of the same species, but has also been observed between trees of different species.
There are many theories going around, most of which make sense, but no one has been able to prove without the shadow of a doubt why some trees avoid touching each other.
In his 1955 book Growth Habits of the Eucalypts, Australian forester M. R. Jacobs writes that the growing tips of the trees are sensitive to abrasion (擦伤),which results in crown shyness phenomenon. This theory was also supported by Dr. Miguel Franco. Some experiments have shown that if trees displaying crown shyness are artificially prevented from swaying (摇摆)in the wind and touching each other, they gradually fill up the gaps between them.
But while the above theory is arguably the most widespread, it's certainly not the only one. Some scientists have suggested that crown shyness is a mechanism to stop the spreading of leaf-eating insects, The gaps mean pests wouldn't be able to reach other trees, so they are the tree's natural defense method.
One Malaysian scholar studied many trees, but found no traces of abrasions, despite their clear crown shyness. Instead, he suggests that the growing tips of the trees were sensitive to light levels and stopped growing when they got too close to other trees. Plants are able to sense how close they are to other plants and in order to get more light, they give off some chemical to stop other trees from growing too close.
Whatever the reason, one thing is for sure, plants are more intelligent than people.
32. What can we know about crown shyness?
A. It can cause abrasion between trees.
B. It only happens between the same species.
C. It has been discovered for only half a century.
D. No agreement has been reached about its real cause.
33. What will happen if trees showing crown shyness are stopped from swaying?
A. The trees will stop growing and even die.
B. The gaps between the trees will grow wider.
C. The crown shyness phenomenon will disappear.
D. The gaps between the trees will remain the same.
34. What does the underlined word "mechanism" in paragraph 4 probably mean?
A. Tip.      B. Way.      C. Theory.     D. Plan.
35. Which statement might the Malaysian scholar agree with?
A. Trees have special ways to attack others.
B. Some insects stop trees growing too close.
C. Trees compete with their neighbors for light.
D. Trees won't touch each other to avoid diseases.
第二节(共5小题:每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
US City Bans Texting while Walking
Parents usually teach their children how to cross the street safely, by looking both ways for cars. But do they also teach them to put away their cell phones?
The city of Honolulu, Hawaii wants everyone to learn that lesson.  36  Beginning on October 24, you could be fined from $15 to $99 if you step into a Honolulu street while looking at your phone. Honolulu is the first major U. S. city to ban what is called "distracted (分散注意) walking. " It recently passed a law in a seven to two vote. The law says; “No pedestrian shall cross a street or highway while viewing a mobile electronic device. "  37 
The law's creators hope it will lower the number of people hit and killed by cars in the city. Mayor Kirk Caldwell told Reuters news agency, "We hold the unfortunate distinction (区别) of being a major city with more pedestrians being hit in crosswalks, particularly our elders, than almost any other city in the country. "
The law includes all electronic devices with screens: cell phones, tables, gaming devices, digital cameras and laptop computers.  38  Pedestrians may use such devices in the street to call emergency services and rescue workers, such as firefighters and police officers.
  39  The Governors Highway Safety Association, or GHSA, says pedestrian deaths in the United States increase 25 percent between 2010 and 2015. That trend continued in 2016 with the number of pedestrian deaths rising to almost 6000, 11% higher than in 2015.
If you still want to text while walking, you could avoid being fined in Honolulu (and be safer, in general) by using a voice-controlled digital(数字的) assistant such as Siri or Google Assistant.  40 
A. The law does permit an exception.
B. Or you could just wait until you are again, safely, off the street.
C. You will be sentenced to prison while using cell phones in the street.
D. Pedestrian deaths have been increasing as the use of cell phones rises.
E. Texting while crossing the street will soon be banned in the city.
F. The law permits people to watch TV while crossing the street.
G. In other words, do not look at a screen when you cross the street or you could be fined.
第三部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题; 每小题1. 5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D) 中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Setting of fireworks during festivals is said to have a history of about 2000 years. It does add to festive atmosphere. But let’s stop and   41   the price we pay for just a few minutes of   42   .
First, the amount of money we spend on fireworks is   43  .The excitement is gone    44   . Let's face it, what we really are doing is burning    45   . Those tax dollars would be   46   to much better use.
Second, there is the matter of   47   .Fireworks contain chemicals that are harmful to people and animals. Over the years, these chemicals will   48   the air we breathe and the water we drink.
Third, let's consider the rubbish left behind after a fireworks    49   . What a    50  ! One would probably    51   those who set off the fireworks would have the politeness to    52   the trash afterwards.    53    they don't. The mess   54   the kind of attitude people have toward our   55   .
Fourth, fireworks are   56  . Some fireworks can damage your   57   , especially the fireworks used meanwhile that give off a big BANG. Losing your hearing is too high a price to pay.   58   all the safety warning, we still see injuries and deaths as a result of fireworks. Approximately 10,000 Americans are injured every year by fireworks.
In my view, all consumer fireworks should be   59   . Public fireworks displays should be kept to a minimum and should be paid for through volunteer funding, not tax dollar. Finally, those people in charge of fireworks displays should be   60   for cleaning up the mess they make.
41. A. think up    B. show off    C. think about    D. turn up
42. A. doubt    B. excitement    C. surprise    D. hesitation
43. A. limited    B. worthwhile    C. necessary    D. absurd
44. A. in time    B. in a flash     C. for free    D. for a while
45. A. money    B. oil     C. energy     D. paper
46. A. place    B. put      C. take     D. play
47. A. interest    B. expense    C. pollution    D. safety
48. A. absorb    B. clean     C. reduce     D. poison
49. A. display    B. movement    C. amazement    D. working
50. A. pity    B. shame     C. mess     D. lesson
51. A. warn    B. order     C. forbid     D. expect
52. A. figure out   B. pick up    C. leave     D. save
53. A. Therefore   B. Otherwise    C. However    D. Anyhow
54. A. reflects    B. adopts     C. changes    D. shares
55. A. behavior   B. ground    C. society     D. environment
56. A. beautiful   B. dangerous    C. bright     D. complex
57. A. memory    B. speaking    C. hearing    D. sight
58. A. Without    B. Besides    C. Beyond    D. Despite
59. A. banned    B. discussed    C. encouraged    D. produced
60. A. famous    B. intended    C. responsible    D. designed  

第II卷
第三部分 英语知识运用 (共两节,满分45分)
第二节(共10小题; 每小题1. 5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入1个适当的单词或括号内单词的正确形式。
Most of us use memes(表情包) when   61   (talk) to our friends on WeChat or QQ. And    62    all the file formats(文件格式). GIF is probably the most popular.
A GIF is usually  63   short funny video that only lasts for a few seconds.
The GIF turned 30 this year,  64  is even two years older than the World Wide Web itself. Ever since the GIF  65  (create) in 1987, it has long been overlooked. It wasn’t until the age of smartphones and social media   66   it became part of our daily lives.
The GIF does a    67    (good) job of showing people’s feeling than short text messages do . It is also a very small file format compared with regular videos, which helped it become popular among smartphone   68    (use).
Because of its  69   (popular), Oxford Dictionaries name “GIF” the word of the year in 2012. There are even search services specifically(专门地) for GIFs, such as Tenor and Giphy. And if we can’t find anything we like there,
   70    is easy to create our own GIFs on apps like DSCO and Giphy Cam.
第四部分 英语知识运用(共两节,满分35分)
第一节  短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。
增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。
删除:把多余的词用斜线(\)划掉。
修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
It is universal accepted that filial duty (孝道) is an important virtue in China. It means respecting and caring parents and the elderly. Take my parents for an example, after my grandma passed away last year, my parents spent much more time chat with my grandpa, going out for a walk with him and cooking him delicious food. At first, my grandpa seemed to be happy. And as time went by, he became uneasy, because he was not used to leading so a comfortable life. Therefore, my parents encouraged him to attend some activity in our community. They also encouraged her to go to a drawing class in a school for the old, which gave my grandpa a great sense of achievement. He becomes very happy again.
My parents set a good example to me. In my opinion, the real filial duty is giving the old that they really need.
第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
中医,作为中国传统文化的重要组成部分,近年来引起全世界的广泛关注。假如你是李华,你的美国朋友Tony对中医文化很感兴趣,发来邮件向你询问有关中医的事情,比如: 中医的历史、地位,以及中医的优势(疗效、副作用、价格) 等,请你给他回一封邮件,回答他的问题并欢迎来体验。
注意: 1. 词数100左右;
2. 可以适当发挥,以使行文连贯;
3. 参考词汇:中医 Traditional Chinese Medicine (TCM)
                                                                


辽宁葫芦岛市2018届高三上学期期末考试
英语试题答案
一、听力
1—5 CABCB     6—10 ABBCA      11—15 CBBCC     16—20 AAACB
二、阅读理解(共40分,每小题2分)
21—23 CBD      24—27 ACDB    28—31 CBDA   32—35 DCBC   36—40 EGADB
三、完形填空 (共30分,每小题1.5分)      
41—45 CBDBA   46—50 BCDAC   51—55 DBCAD   56—60 BCDAC
语法填空(共15分,每小题1.5分)
61. talking     62. of/among     63. a           64. which         65. was created   
66. that        67. better        68. users       69. popularity      70. it
四、短文改错(10分)
It is universal accepted that filial duty (孝道) is an important virtue in China. It means respecting and caring
       universally
∧parents and the elderly. Take my parents for an example, after my grandma passed away last year, my parents spent
for
much more time chat with my grandpa, going out for a walk with him and cooking him delicious food. At first, my
             chatting
grandpa seemed to be happy. And as time went by, he became uneasy, because he was not used to leading so a
                        But                                                         such 
comfortable life. Therefore, my parents encouraged him to attend some activity in our community. They also
                                                         activities
encouraged her to go to a drawing class in a school for the old, which gave my grandpa a great sense of
          him
achievement. He becomes very happy again.
              became
My parents set a good example to me. In my opinion, the real filial duty is giving the old that they really
                                                                               what
need.

书面表达(25分)
Dear Tony,
     I am glad to hear that you are extremely interested in Chinese culture, especially Traditional Chinese Medicine. The TCM, as an important part of Chinese culture, has been attracting attention from all over the world.
The TCM, with its unique diagnostic methods, long history and remarkable effects, has been used to treat cancer and other serious diseases. Unlike the western medicine, the TCM has fewer side effects. Above all, compared with high fees of the western medicine, the TCM has a more reasonable price that ordinary people can afford.
In a word, the TCM has made great contributions to the development of Chinese health care. Welcome to experience it.
                                                       Yours truly,
                                                       Li Hua

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