2018届高三英语寒假模拟试卷1(舒城一中带答案)

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2018届高三英语寒假模拟试卷1(舒城一中带答案)

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高考模拟题一
第Ⅰ卷
第一部分 听力
第二部分 阅读理解(共两节,满分40分)
第一节 (共15小题;每小题2分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从每题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出最佳选项。
  A
 Every morning, some people may have the habit of watching the astrological(占星术的)advice on the TV news before they go to work. When reading magazines, some people might first go to the section on astrological predictions to determine what’s in store for them in the coming day, week or month. This interest in astrology is especially strong at the beginning of a new year. Immediately before a new year, many astrological experts are making predictions and giving advice. It seems that astrology is gaining popularity, but how popular is astrology and is it actually trustworthy?
 According to a study by searchterms.com, the word “astrology” is the most searched topic on the Internet, and a search for astrology on Google will bring up nearly two million websites. A study by the newspaper USA Today shows that a third of all Americans believe in astrology and spend almost $100 million a year on it. More surprisingly, the fastest-growing group of believers in America is made up of managers and professionals. No wonder Donald Regan, former White House Chief of Staff, said, “It’s common knowledge that a large percentage of Wall Street brokers use astrology.”
 The most famous astrologer is Nostradamus. Long ago, he correctly predicted events such as the Second World War, the killing of U.S. President John F. Kennedy, and most recently, the attack on the World Trade Center. Another famous astrologer, Frau Elsbeth Ebertin, accurately predicted that Adolph Hitler would become Fuhrer-the leader after she was given Hitler’s birth chart. In fact, Hitler himself was a believer in astrology. It’s thought that he used an astrologer throughout the Second World War. The wife of former American president Ronald Reagan, Nancy, was also a firm believer in astrology. She employed an astrologer to ask about President Reagan’s future safety after the president was shot.
 Though some people may consider astrology superstitious(迷信的), others think it is both a science and an art. Since the moon has an effect on the ocean, and 75 percent of the human body is made up of water, it is reasonable to say that astrology, a study of the stars, may affect humans as well. Therefore, if viewed in this way, astrology may be believable and it is easy to see why it is so popular.
21. What is the main idea of the article?
 A. More and more people, especially stars, are interested in astrology.
 B. Astrology is becoming popular and has some basis in science.
 C. Famous astrologers can predict events correctly.
 D. People should use astrology every day.
22. Which of the following events was NOT predicted by Nostradamus?
 A. The terrorist attack on the World Trade Center. 
 B. The killing of President Kennedy.
 C. The outbreak of World War II.                
 D. The birth of Fuhrer Hitler.
23. What can we learn from the passage?
 A. Astrology is one of the most popular topics on the Internet.
 B. Astrology can help change people’s lives for the better.
 C. Only a few Wall Street brokers use astrology.
 D. Most of Americans believe in astrology.
24. The author tends to think astrology is ________.
 A. boring    B. puzzling     C. believable        D. strange
B
Watching a 3D movie can more than double the concentration powers and cognitive(认知)processing of children, a new research claims.
A study made by visual technology firm RealD and led by child psychologist Dr Richard Woolfson suggests that children aged between 7 and 14 experienced twice the cognitive processing speed and performed better in testing after watching 20 minutes of a 3D film. This is despite suggestions that attention spans(时期) in children have shortened in the last decade due to unlimited to access to entertainment, including on-demand TV, gaming and social media. A 2015 study claimed that watching 3D content had a similar effect to brain-training exercises.
 Consumer psychologist Mr. Fagan said that the increased stimulation(刺激) found in watching something in 3D "exercised" the brain and improved performance in the short term. "3D films can play the role of 'brain-training' games and help to make children 'smarter' in the short term," he said. "The shortening of response times after watching 3D was almost three times as big as that gained from watching 2D; in other words, 3D helps children process aspects of their environment more quickly. This is likely to be because 3D is a mentally stimulating experience which 'gets the brain's juices flowing'."
The experiment saw children given a range of cognitive tests before watching 20 minutes of a movie in either 2D or 3D and being tested again. The results showed those who saw the 3D content reacted faster and performed better in the second round of testing. Mental engagement also rose by 13% among 3D watchers. Child psychologist Dr Woolfson added that “supportive parenting” and regularly listening to classical music can also aid a child’s memory.
25. The reason why children perform better after watching a 3D movie is that_____.
   A. a 3D movie makes their brain active    
B. a 3D movie is more exciting than a 2D movie
   C. children enjoy watching a 3D movie  
D. children like the experience which “gets the brain’s juices flowing”.
26. Which of the following is TRUE according to the passage?
   A. Only “supportive parenting” and listening to music can help a child’s memory.
   B. The children in the experiment are tested only once.
   C. All the children doubled the cognitive processing speed in testing.
   D. Children’s attention spans have shortened in the past 10 years because of access to entertainment.
27. Where does this passage probably come from?
   A. An exhibition guide            B. A science textbook
   C. A science report               D. An advertisement
                                       C
Tom Brennan was working in a Philadelphia office building when he noticed a black bag. The bag contained a book.
This chance discovery ended a 12-day search by the Library Company of Philadelphia for a historical treasure—a 120-page diary kept 190 years age by Deborah Logan, “a woman who knew everybody in her day, ”James Green, the librarian told the magazine American Libraries.
Most of the diary is a record of big events in Philadelphia. It also includes a description of British soldiers burning Washington D. C. in the war of 1812. She describes President James Madison on horseback as “perfectly shaking with fear” during the troubled days. George Washington, she writes, mistook her for the wife of a French man and praised her excellent English.
The adventure of the lost book began on September 4 when Cory Luxmoore arrived from England to deliver the diary of his ancestor(祖先)to the Library Company, which he and his wife considered to be the best home for the diary.
Green told American Libraries he had the diary in his possession “about five minutes”when Luxmoore took it back because he had promised to show it to one other person. On returning to his hotel after showing the precious book to Green, Luxmoore was shocked to realise that he had left it in the taxi.
Without any delay, Green began calling every taxi company in the city, with no luck,“I've felt sick since then,” Luxmoore told reporters.
According to Green, no one has yet learned how the diary came to the office building .
Tom Brennan received a reward(奖励)of $1,000, Philadelphia gained another treasure for its history, and Luxmoore told reporters, “It's wonderful news. I'm on high”.
28.This article mainly tells about the story of _____
A. a lost diary                   B. Deborah Logan
C. Cory Luxmoore               D. the Library Company
29.From the text, we learn that the diary is now owned by_____
A. Tom Brennan      B. an unknown person
C. a Philadelphia magazine    D. the Library Company of Philadelphia
30.Which of the following shows the right order of what happened to the diary?
a. Tom Brennan found the book in an office building.
b. The book was shown to James Green.
c. Cory Luxmoore arrived from England.
d. The book was left behind in a taxi.
A. a. b. c. d             B. c. b. d. a  C. a. c. d. b               D. c. a. b. d
31.What did Cory Luxmoore mean when he said "I'm on high"?
A. I'm rich                    B. I'm famous
C. I'm excited                 D. I'm lucky.
D
    A new study, a project of the researchers from the University of Pittsburgh in Pennsylvania, finds the fitness tracker probably does not help with weight loss.
    The devices are designed to record your physical activity. They are usually worn around the wrist, where they measure a person’s heart rate. The research team looked at two groups of individuals. The first wore a fitness tracker and took part in health counseling (咨询) with experts to consider the best weight-loss plan. The researchers compared this group with people who only got health counseling.
The study found that those only speaking with the health experts lost nearly 6 kilograms, but those using a fitness tracker lost only 3.5 kilograms. John Jakicic, the lead researcher, questioned the use of electronic devices for weight control in place of “effective behavioral counseling for physical activity and diet. ”
The study involved 470 subjects aged between 18 and 35. Some of them were overweight, while others were considered obese (肥胖的). Over three fourths of the subjects were women. All the subjects were told to increase physical activity and start on a low-calorie diet. They had their weight measured once every six months. After six months, researchers divided the group into two parts: one continued with monthly counseling, while members of the other group were given a fitness tracker. Eighteen months later, both groups “showed significant improvements in fitness, physical activity, and diet,” with no major difference between groups. However, when it came to losing weight, the people who only spoke with experts lost nearly twice as much weight.
Jakicic said, “the study’s findings are important because effective long-term treatments are needed to address America’s obesity. ” More information is needed, he added,to learn how to best use these devices to change “physical activity and diet behaviors” in adults who want to lose weight.
32. All the subjects in the study were asked to_____________.
A. start on a high-calorie diet             B. wear a fitness tracker
C. increase physical activities             D. record their heart rates
33. Why does Jakicic think the findings are important?
A. Wearing fitness trackers hardly helps people lose weight.
B. Physical activity and diet have no effect on weight loss.
C. Handling obesity requires effective long-term treatments.
D. There are great differences in fitness between both groups.
34. What can we infer about the study mentioned in the text?
A. The study went on for about two years.
B. More than 120 men took part in the study.
C. Health counseling helps lose almost 6 kilograms.
D. Wearing a fitness tracker is useful for keeping slim.
35. The purpose of the text is to________.
A. describe how the researchers were conducting the study
B. indicate regular counseling for weight control is necessary
C. convince readers to wear fitness trackers for weight control
D. warn women are more likely to suffer from weight problems
第二节 (共5小题;每小题2分,满分10分)
根据短文内容,从短文后的选项中选出能填入空白处的最佳选项。选项中有两项为多余选项。
How To Study English In China
English is obviously not the native language in China. Although many Chinese want to improve their English level to the amount needed in daily work, it’s very hard when only a few people speak English around them.  36  Here are a few tips that might help
Join a school with native teachers to guide you.
  37  The more exposure you can get to these foreign teachers, the faster and better you’re going to learn English. If a school doesn’t give students maximum exposure to native English speakers’ classes, find one that does.
Read English daily.
This means using websites that are permitted in China, accessing English texts, newspapers and books. Read short stories in English. When you come across words you don’t know, write them down immediately.  38 
Find some English speakers.
Spend time with them and share conversations. There is nothing better for learning any language than finding native speakers of the language to practice with. When you speak, you are practicing every aspect of the language (except writing) in the most efficient way possible.
Memorize vocabulary.
Write new words in a notebook every week, with English definitions and a sample sentence, not a Chinese translation.  39  Carry it with you everywhere you go. Even if you have a question about something that you see and you don’t know the English word, write it down in your own language with the plan to look it up later and learn that word in English.
  40 
English is not well controlled by grammar rules. For every rule, there is an exception to that rule. Your time will be better spent in watching movies and learning from them than studying grammar for long hours. Find someone to write emails in English to or write a dairy every day.
There are many other ways to improve your English. Come on!
A. Learn to write.
B. Watch an English film once a month.
C. What can you do to study more English?
D. There are many English speakers in China.
E. You can do this by writing in your notebook.
F. Follow a soap opera, comedy or radio program or TV drama.
G. You should be carrying a notebook with you everywhere you go just to write down something important.
第三部分:英语知识运用(共两节,满分45分)
第一节 完形填空(共20小题;每小题1.5分,满分30分)
阅读下面短文,从短文后各题所给的四个选项(A、B、C和D)中,选出可以填入空白处的最佳选项,并在答题卡上将该项涂黑。
Weeks ago,I was travelling by train.The train stopped at a station.The delivery man from the cafeteria___41___to deliver the pre-booked hot meals and drinks.Just behind him rushed in a 9-year-old girl,who put out her hand,___42___for some food.The food supplier was___43___and pushed her out of the coach.Something in me made me___44___.I stepped___45___and saw the girl still standing there and crying.I asked her if she was___46___and she nodded.So I decided to buy her food.
When I took her to the coach with the cafeteria,the people standing there had a(n) ___47___expression on their faces.___48___ their reaction,I asked her to___49___whatever she wanted.As I pointed to each item,she kept___50___.
Finally,we collected so much food.When I___51___to the cashier to pay the bill,the little girl started hurrying down the___52___.The cashier shook his head___53___and said the girl must have___54___me into believing her misery.   
As I returned to my coach,the cashier’s___55___made me doubt whether the girl had really fooled me.So I went down the train,following the___56___the little girl had taken.Finally,I walked to a relatively-deserted coach.Here I saw a___57___which left me deep in thought.This little girl was sitting in a circle with two other poor young boys.She had put all the___58___in the center and was putting some into the hand of a boy who was___59___blind.The little girl taught me that one can be___60___even in poverty.
41.A.came around    B.took turns      C.turned out      D.1ooked up
42.A.1ooking      B.begging      C.caring       D.waiting
43.A.annoyed      B.excited      C.disappointed   D.frightened
44.A.wake       B.understand     C.believe       D.react
45.A.inside         B.upstairs      C.outside       D.downward
46.A.thirsty         B.hurt       C.wrong       D.hungry
47.A.satisfied      B.worried      C.puzzled       D.relaxed
48.A.Noticing      B.Enjoying      C.Ignoring    D.Showing
49.A.choose        B.eat       C.enjoy       D.send  
50.A.refusing      B.nodding      C.complaining    D.praising
51.A.pointed      B.referred        C.1istened    D.turned
52.A.counter      B.cafeteria      C.train     D.road
53.A.in disbelief    B.in time      C.in surprise      D.in horror
54.A.persuaded    B.fooled      C.forced       D.changed
55.A.answers      B.dreams      C.decisions    D.words
56.A.advice         B.direction      C.example    D.trend
57.A.station         B.house      C.shelter       D.sight
58.A.money         B.waste       C.food       D.drinks
59.A.obviously    B.heavily        C.impossibly       D.gradually
60.A.fortunate      B.generous        C.hopeless    D.sad 

第II 卷
第二节 (共10小题;每小题1.5分,满分15分)
阅读下面材料,在空白处填入适当的内容(1个单词)或括号内单词的正确形式。
China will allow all couples to have two children,   61   (give) up its decades-long one-child policy, the Communist Party of China (CPC)   62   (announce) after a key meeting on Thursday.
 The change of policy is intended to balance population development and meet the challenge of an aging population, according to a communiqué(公报)   63   (issue) after the Fifth Plenary Session of the 18th Communist Party of China (CPC) Central Committee held from Monday to Thursday. The proposal must be approved by the top legislature(立法机关)   64   it comes into force.
    China's family planning policy was first introduced in the late 1970s   65   (control) the rapid   66   (grow) of population by limiting most urban couples   67   one child, and as to rural couples, they can have two children on condition that their first child born was a girl. The policy was later relaxed. Parents   68   were both only children in their family could have    69   second child.
    The one-child policy was   70   (far) loosened in November 2013 after the Third Plenary Session of the 18th CPC Central Committee, and couples are allowed to have two children if one of them is an only child.
第四部分 写作(共两节,满分35分)
第一节:短文改错(共10小题;每小题1分,满分10分)
假定英语课上老师要求同桌之间交换修改作文,请你修改你同桌写的以下作文。文中共有10处语言错误,每句中最多有两处。错误仅涉及一个单词的增加、删除或修改。   
    增加:在缺词处加一个漏字符号(∧),并在其下面写出该加的词。 
    删除:把多余的词用(\)划掉。
    修改:在错的词下划一横线,并在该词下面写出修改后的词。   
注意:1.每处错误及其修改均仅限一词;
      2.只允许修改10处,多者(从第11处起)不计分。
Growing up means make our own decisions. When I was a little, my parents made all the difficult decisions for me. But now I can make decisions for myself! I think that I should learn to face difficulties with my own. Otherwise, I won’t be able to success in the future.
The hard decision that I have ever made was to keep a diary every day. At first it was difficult, but gradual, I found a lot of pleasure in keeping a diary. Every night I sit at my desk and recall that has happened during the day. After I write my feelings down, I was always in a good mood. I have so much experiences in my diary now, I will keep on doing this for the rest of my life.

第二节 书面表达(满分25分)
假定你是李华,计划寒假找份兼职工作。下面的招聘广告引起了你的注意,请根据要点(箭头所指内容)写一封申请信。
       
Winter Jobs
Could you be an ASSISTANT TEACHER for
         Children’s winter camp?
   Excellent pay for working with children
   Work with native teachers from England
   English-only classes
   Work evenings and weekends for 2 weeks
For more information, write to Mr. Smith
注意:
1. 词数100左右;2. 可适当增加细节使行文连贯;3. 开头已经给出,不计入总词数。
Dear Mr. Smith,
I’ve read your advertisement for an assistant teacher for a children’s winter camp.                                                     
                                                                                         

Yours sincerely,
Li Hua

 

参考答案
模拟题一
阅读理解
21-24 BDAC      25-27 ADC      28-31 ADBC     32-35 CCAB     36-40 CDGEA
完形填空
41-45ABADC   46-50DCCAB    51-55DCABD      56-60BDCAB
语法填空
61. giving    62. announced    63. issued     64. before    65. to control
66. growth   67. to           68. who/that    69. a        70. further
短文改错
71. make→making;    72. 去掉a little 中的a;      73. with→on         74. success→succeed
75. hard→hardest     76. gradual→gradually       77. that→what        78. was→am
79. much→many  80. I will 前加 and
书面表达
Dear Mr. Smith,
I’ve read your advertisement for an assistant teacher for a children’s winter camp. I’m quite interested in this position and I think my personality and experience will qualify me for the job.
I’m outgoing, energetic, well-organized and responsible. And most importantly, I love working with children! In the past two years, as the monitor in my class, I have proved myself to be an excellent helper to my teachers. I speak fluent English, which enables me to help native English teachers communicate freely and effectively with students in an English-only environment.
I will soon have a three-week winter vacation, so I have no problem working on evenings and weekends. I can start working from the end of this month. I would appreciate it if you could give me this opportunity.
Looking forward to your reply.
                                                              Yours sincerely,
                                                              Li Hua
 

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