2018年江苏高考英语二轮专题限时集训(3)单项填空:情态动词

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2018年江苏高考英语二轮专题限时集训(3)单项填空:情态动词

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w.5 Y K J.Com 专题限时集训(三) 单项填空 情态动词和虚拟语气
(对应学生用书第121页)
1.(2017•连云港、宿迁、徐州高三三模)—Did you pass your driving test?
—Yes,otherwise I________to the picnic next month.
A.couldn't drive
B.couldn't have driven
C.won't drive
D.wouldn't have driven
A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“你驾照考试通过了么?”“是的,不然的话我下个月就不能开车去野餐了。”对将来的虚拟。]
2.(2017•苏锡常镇高三二模 )—Nowadays people seem to become more and more selfish.
—How much better life would be if we________to the values of the past!
A.were to return B.had returned
C.return D.will return
A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“现在人们好像变得越来越自私了。”“要是我们能够继续过去的价值观的话,我们的生活将会好得多”。根据句意可知,此处是对将来情况的假设,从句谓语动词可以用were to do,should+do或过去式。]
3.(2017•扬州高三一模)  I think that conflict is unlikely to happen,but if it ________, the interests of both China and the U.S.would be severely damaged.
A.would occur B.had occurred
C.were to occur D.occurs
C [考查虚拟语气。句意:我认为冲突不太可能发生,但是如果发生了,中美双方的利益都会受到严重的损害。根据句中的is unlikely to happen可知冲突目前并没有发生,所以这种假设是针对将来而言的,此时从句谓语可以用一般过去时态,were+不定式或者should+动词原形,主句谓语用would/should/could/might+动词原形。所以答案为C。]
4.(2017•南京、盐城高三一模)If 53,667 people________differently,Hillary Clinton would have keys to the White House.
A.voted B.had voted
C.should vote D.should have voted
B [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果53 667人投了不同的票,希拉里•克林顿就拥有了白宫的钥匙。根据语境可知,If引导的状语从句是对与过去事实相反的情况的假设,谓语动词应用过去完成时。故选B项。]
5.(2017•无锡高三一模)—You could hardly imagine what great trouble John had reserving a hotel room during the G20 summit.
—He________in my apartment.It was vacant as I was abroad then.
A.must have stayed
B.should have stayed
C.could have stayed
D.would have stayed
C [考查虚拟语气。“情态动词+have done”表示虚拟语气。“你几乎不能想象John在G20峰会期间预订一间宾馆客房有多么困难。”“他本可以住在我的公寓里的。因为那时候我在国外,房子是空着的。”根据句意可知,此处表示“本来可以做某事而没有做”,所以要用could have done。]
6.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(六))
—Why are children so excited?
—Because the weekend is coming and they________get up early at the weekend.
A.needn't B.mustn't
C.wouldn't D.shouldn't
A [考查情态动词。句意:“为什么孩子们那么兴奋?”“因为周末就要到来了,他们在周末没有必要早起了。”根据“周末没有必要早起了”可知,用needn't。mustn't“禁止,不许”;wouldn't“不愿意”;shouldn't“不应该”。]
【导学号:25874046】
7.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(七))
—With so much difficult work to do,you________have slept well these days.
—Yes.That's why my eyes are so red.
A.mustn't B.couldn't
C.shouldn't D.needn't
B [考查情态动词。句意:“有如此多困难的工作要做,你这些天一定没有睡好。”“的确如此。这就是我的眼睛如此泛红的原因。”couldn't have done可用来表示对过去情况的否定推测。]
8.江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(考点卷一)If the criminal were honest,he________a clean breast of the whole thing long ago.
A.made B.had made
C.would make D.would have made
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果这个罪犯诚实的话,他很久以前就会坦白交代所有的事情了。根据句意可知,主句表示与过去事实相反的情况,故谓语应用would have done形式。]
9.(江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(考点卷二))What a pity! Five minutes earlier and I________my favorite star.
A.will not miss B.wouldn't have missed
C.hadn't missed D.haven't missed
B [考查虚拟语气。句意:多么遗憾啊!要是早五分钟的话我就不会错过我最喜欢的明星了。根据句意可知,此处表示与过去事实相反的假设,故应用would have done结构。]
10.(江苏省名校高三入学摸底卷(题型卷))She wasn't feeling very well.Otherwise she ________ the meeting so early.
A.hadn't have left B.wouldn't leave
C.didn't leave D.wouldn't have left
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:她当时身体很不舒服。否则她不会那么早离开会议的。第二句用了虚拟语气,且表示与过去事实相反,此时句子谓语用would/could/might/should+have+done,故选D。]
【导学号:25874047】
11.(2017•南京市四校第一学期联考试题)________to him the last time you saw him,you would know what to do now.
A.Did you speak B.Were you to speak
C.Have you spoken D.Had you spoken
D [考查虚拟语气和倒装。句意:如果你上次见他的时候和他交谈的话,你现在就知道该做什么了。本句是错综时间条件句,根据句意可知,从句描述的是与过去事实相反的情况,应用had done的形式。此处从句中的if省略了,从句需要同时使用部分倒装,即把had提到主语前。故选D项。]
12.(江苏省四星级学校2017年4月联考) Had I taken my umbrella with me when I came out in the morning,I________wet now.
A.shouldn't have been
B.hadn't been
C.wasn't
D.shouldn't be
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早上出门时带了伞,现在我就不会被淋湿了。根据句中的时间状语“now”可知,此处是对与现在事实相反的情况的假设,应用would/should/could/might do形式。故选D。]
13.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(一))Without your ticket,I________able to see the exhibition of old photographs tomorrow.
A.am not B.wouldn't be
C.hadn't been D.wouldn't have been
B [考查虚拟语气。句意:要是没有你的票的话,我明天就不能去看老照片展了。根据句意及句中的“tomorrow”可知,此处表示与将来事实相反的情况,句子谓语应用would do形式。故选B。]
14.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(二))I________to the movies if I had known you were going to.
A.went B.had gone
C.would go D.would have gone
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早知道你要去看电影,我也会去的。根据句意可知,此处表示与过去事实相反的情况,主句应用would have done结构。故选D。]
15.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(三))
—Let's go to Chongqing together tomorrow.
—I'd like to,but the highway to Chongqing________temporarily closed if the heavy fog didn't fade away.
A.would be B.will be
C.is D.would have been
A [考查虚拟语气。句意:“我们明天一起去重庆吧。”“我很乐意去。但是如果大雾不慢慢消散的话,去重庆的高速公路会临时封路的。”根据句中的“tomorrow”“if ...didn't fade away”可知,空处所在句表示对将来事实的假设,故应用would be。]
16.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(四))If I________hard in the past,I would pass the exam easily tomorrow.
A.studied B.were to study
C.should study D.had studied
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我过去努力学习,我明天就会轻松通过考试。根据题干中的“in the past”可知,此处表示对过去的情况的虚拟,故用过去完成时。故答案选D项。]
17.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(五)) His book is a bestseller now.Without his wife's persuasion the book ________probably.
A.isn't published
B.won't be published
C.wouldn't be published
D.wouldn't have been published
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:他的书现在是一本畅销书。要是没有他妻子的劝说,这本书也许就不会被出版了。根据句意及句中的“Without”可知,此处表示与过去事实相反的情况,故应用“should/would/could/might+have+done”结构。]
18.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(八))But for his generous donations,the animal shelter________two years ago.
A.would have been closed
B.was closed
C.would be closed
D.had been closed
A [考查虚拟语气。句意:要不是他的慷慨捐助,这个动物收容所在两年前就被关闭了。根据But for引出的虚拟条件及时间状语“two years ago”可知,空格处表示对与过去情况相反的事实的虚拟,应用would have done结构且shelter与close之间是被动关系,应用被动语态。故答案选A项。]
19.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(九)) If I________my umbrella with me when I came out this morning,I should not be wet now.
A.took B.had taken
C.would have taken D.were to take
B [考查虚拟语气。句意:如果我早上出门的时候带伞了的话,我现在就不会被淋湿了。根据句意可知,空处表示与过去事实相反的情况,故选B。]
20.(2017•江苏省高考名校联考信息优化卷(十))He described all of the tourist attractions in detail as if he________all of them in person.
A.visited B.would visit
C.would have visited D.had visited
D [考查虚拟语气。句意:他详细地描述了所有旅游景点,好像他亲自去参观过一样。根据“as if”及句意可知,此处考查虚拟语气的用法,表示与过去事实相反的情况,应用过去完成时。故选D。]
21.(2017•江苏省苏北四市(淮安、宿迁、连云港、徐州)高三上学期期中考试)—So boring and exhausted! I'd rather I hadn't been invited to the party.
—Oh,no.If so,I________a quiet night at home.
A.didn't enjoy
B.hadn't enjoyed
C.couldn't have enjoyed
D.couldn't enjoy
C [考查情态动词。句意:“是那么的无聊和劳累!我宁愿没有被邀请参加这个晚会。”“哦,不,如果那样的话,我在家里不可能享受到一个宁静的夜晚了。”此处是虚拟语气,表示与过去事实相反的愿望,主句中用would/ could/ might +have+动词过去分词。]
22.(2016—2017学年江苏省南通市如东县、徐州市丰县高三10月联考) The door________open,no matter how hard she pushed.
A.shouldn't B.couldn't
C.wouldn't D.mightn't
C [考查情态动词。句意:无论她怎么努力去推,这扇门就是打不开。情态动词will事物的倾向和特性,意为“总是,会”。因后半句用的是一般过去时,因此空处应用will的过去式would。]
23.(2016—2017学年江苏省启东中学高三上学期第一次月考)Jack described his father,who________a brave boy many years ago,as a strong­willed man.
A.might have been B.would have been
C.should have been D.must have been
D [考查情态动词。杰克认为他父亲是一个意志坚强的人。由此可以推测出,他的父亲多年前肯定是一个很勇敢的男孩。must have done对于过去情况的肯定推测,意为“某人肯定做了某事”。]
24.(2017•江苏省如东高级中学、前黄高级中学、栟茶中学、马塘中学四校高三12月联考)—Being young generations in China,________they take up all of the challenges and opportunities that   this country offers?
—Absolutely.
A.mustn't B.mightn't
C.shouldn't D.couldn't
C [考查情态动词。句意为:“作为中国的年轻一代,难道他们不应该接受这个国家提供的所有挑战和机会吗?shouldn't”“难道不应该”,符合语境。]
25.(2017•江苏省苏州市高三第一学期期中考试)
—It was such a difficult examination that a lot of students were unable to finish it on time.
—That's the case.It's hard to accept the fact that over 90% of my classmates________.
A.should fail B.should have failed
C.will fail D.may fail
B [考查情态动词。句意:“这是如此难的考试以至于很多学生不能准时完成它。”“是这样的。超过90%的同学竟然没有通过,这个事实难以接受。”should have done有两种含义,一种是“本来应该做某件事”,还有一种含义是“居然已经做了某件事”。] 文章来 源
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